The Maya empire was once a grand empire with beautiful art and architecture. Some of the Maya are around today although they are not as great as they are today.
Period: 1200 BCE to 600 BCE
The Olmec were the first main empire out of the Maya, Aztec, Inca, Toltec, and the Olmec
Pope Urban calls for the Crusade on the Holy Land.
The Pope wanted to liberate the Holy Land from the Muslims, so he sent a group of knights to do it.
Europe is a farming economy
People grew their own food. (Feudalism)
Period: 1200 to 1521
The Aztec empire was an advanced empire with tons of gold and riches. This led to Cortés (Spanish conquistador) taking over the Aztec empire with diseases and war.
Marco Polo travels to the East
Marco Polo went to trade with the people in the East and the Middle East.
The Crusades end
The knights failed to liberate the Holy Land after multiple tries.
Marco Polo journys home.
Marco Polo gets imprisoned and writes his book
Period: 1300 to
Many new advancements were made along with new inventions
Period: 1400 to 1532
The Inca was the southernmost empire that covered a large portion of South America. This lead to a diverse and strong economy because of the amount of space the Inca occupied
The Portuguese captured Fortress on Cueta
The Portuguese were trying to corner the gold market
Portugal finds the Madeira Islands
Henery's work finally pays off and discovers the Maderia Islands
Portugal finds the Azores Islands
8 years later Portugal finds another island which they name th Azores
One of Henery's ships comes back from a successful voyage around Cape Borjador
The Printing Press
Johann Gutenburg invented the Printing Press
Cortés invades the Aztec
Cortés discovered the Aztec empire near modern-day Mexico city and took the Aztec's gold and riches as well as reduce their population through war and disease.
Pizarro Invades the Inca
Pizarro was sent by the king and queen of Spain to take over the Inca empire. Pizarro did just that with diseases, advanced technology, and warfare.
The Inca fall under Pizarro
Francisco Pizarro took over the Inca empire by using Ataualpha as a puppet leader, using the civil war in the Inca empire as a distraction for Pizarro, diseases, and warfare.
Thomas Hobbes writes the Leviathan
Thomas Hobbes writes a book about how humans cannot govern themselves because they are cocky, greedy, and distracted by war.
John Locke writes The Second Treatise on government.
John Locke writes about humans should not be governed by religious text but instead by the natural laws of nature. He believes that humans can govern themselves and live peacefully.
The United States declare Independence
13 colonies of England are fed up with having to live under the English rule and pay high taxes, so they split off and form the 13 Colonies.
France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
France saw what the U.S did and saw that they could become independent too, so they wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man which protected the rights of men.
Haiti gains Independence
Haiti becomes the first nation to have a successful slave revolution. The slaves of Haiti push back the plantation owners and become independent.
Bolivar and his Troops Begin Venezuela's Fight for Independence.
Simón Bolívar takes advantage of Napolean I giving the Spanish crown to his brother and starts the fight for independence. Bolívar was influenced by John Locke and other people under the Spanish rule are too.
Bolívar's Gran Columbia gains it's Independence
Bolívar gains a large portion of Peru which was a major step towards independence. Bolívar eventually becomes a dictator despite having motives to become like the U.S
Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
Jose de San Martin was another leader who was fighting against the Spanish crown. Bolívar and San Martin join together although, after a meeting in private, San Martin leaves the resistance permanently.
Mexico gains Independence
After a long struggle and many deaths, the rebels get what they want and Mexico becomes Independent from Spain.