Medieval Timeline

  • 410

    Rome is Sacked- Fall of Rome

    Rome is sacked by Alaric, King of the Visigoths. Decisive event in the decline of the Western Roman Empire.
  • Period: 410 to Jan 1, 1499

    Medieval Era

  • 455

    Rome is Sacked- Fall of Rome

    Rome is sacked by Genseric, King of the Vandals. Another decisive event in the Fall of Rome and held by some historians to mark the "end of the Roman Empire".
  • Period: 581 to May 14, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    China unified once again during this period for the first time in almost 400 years.
  • May 14, 1054

    Great Schism

  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings took place on Saturday 14th of October 1066. The leaders of the Battle of Hastings were Duke William of Normandy and King Harold of William. The Normans win the Battle of Hastings and the Norman conquest of England follows. The section detailing the Battle of Hastings has some surprising facts and information about the event and also a comprehensive Battle of Hastings timeline.
  • May 14, 1086

    Domesday Book

    William the Conqueror ordered this Norman survey of all the lands and possessions of England in order to assist with the Norman administration of England and impose relevant taxes - it was called the Domesday, or Doomsday, Book. It also enabled William the Conqueror the ability to ensure that all landholders and tenants swore allegiance to him - a major requirement of feudalism or the Feudal System.
  • May 14, 1099

    First Crusade

    This would lead to the beginning of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which would last for nearly two centuries; within the era of the Crusades to the Holy Land.
  • Jul 12, 1174

    King William I of Scotland is captured

    King William I of Scotland, captured in the Battle of Alnwick by the English, accepts the feudal lordship of the English crown and does ceremonial allegiance at York.
  • May 14, 1215

    Magna Carta

    The charter is considered to be the beginning of constitutional government in England. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant. The influence of Magna Carta can be seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
  • Period: May 14, 1337 to May 14, 1453

    One Hundred Years War

    The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France for control of the French throne. Many allies of both sides were also drawn into the conflict. The war had its roots in a dynastic disagreement dating back to the time of William the Conqueror, who became King of England in 1066 while retaining possession of the Duchy of Normandy in France.
  • Period: May 14, 1348 to May 14, 1350

    Black Death

    The Black Death victims in Medieval Times were terrified of the deadly disease. The plague held a massive mortality rate between 30 and 40%. Victims had no idea what had caused the disease. Neither did the physicians in Medieval Times. Read about the symptoms, treatments, causes and effects of the Black Death in England
  • Period: May 14, 1373 to May 14, 1417

    The Great Western Schism in Western Christendom

    The Great Western Schism occurred in in Western Christendom from 1378 - 1417. In 1378 the papal court was based in Rome and an Italian was elected pope as Pope Urban VI. The cardinals in the French interest refused to accept him, declared his election void, and named Clement VII as pope. Clement withdrew to Avignon, whilst Urban remained in Rome. Western Christendom could not decide which one to obey. Some countries declared for Urban, while other countries accepted Clement.
  • May 14, 1381

    Peasants Revolt

    In 1381, and under the leadership of heroes such as Wat Tyler and Jack Straw, the peasants marched to London in order to present a petition to the king. 60,000 strong, the petitioned called for the abolition of serfdom, tithes and the game laws as well as the right to freely use the forests. The peasants also demanded that the poll tax be abolished. John Ball, a priest who spoke regularly to the people gathered in the marketplace, expressed the sentiments of the revolt.
  • Period: May 14, 1414 to May 14, 1418

    The Council of Constance

    The schism in western Christendom was finally healed at the Council of Constance. There were three "phantom popes" at this time, but they were all deposed in favor of a new pontiff, Martin V. The Catholic world now had a single head based in Rome, but it was not easy to revive the old, unquestioning loyalty to him as God's vicar on earth. The religion became Roman Catholic.
  • Period: May 14, 1455 to May 14, 1485

    War of Roses

    The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York (whose heraldic symbols were the red and the white rose, respectively) for the throne of England. They were fought in several sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1485, although there was related fighting both before and after this period. They resulted from the social and financial troubles following the Hundred Years' War.
  • Jan 1, 1485

    Tudor Dynasty Begins