medieval literature

  • Oct 28, 1066

    William the Conqueror invades England

    William landed in England on 28 September 1066, establishing a camp near Hastings. Harold had travelled north to fight another invader, Harold Hardrada, King of Norway and defeated him at Stamford Bridge near York. He marched south as quickly as he could and on 14 October, his army met William's.
  • Period: Oct 28, 1066 to Jan 1, 1455

    Medieval Times

  • Jan 1, 1150

    Paper is first mass-produced in Spain

    The first wire mold for making paper is identified in Spain dating to 1150. Bamboo molds were common in China, but it was not readily available in Euro
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Abuses by King John caused a revolt by nobles who compelled him to execute this recognition of rights for both noblemen and ordinary Englishmen. It established the principle that no one, including the king or a lawmaker, is above the law.
  • Oct 30, 1270

    End of the Crusades

    The crusading movement came to an end by the close of the thirteenth century. The emperor Frederick II for a short time recovered Jerusalem by a treaty, but in 1244 A.D. the Holy City became again a possession of the Moslems.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Plague

    The cramped living conditions these people lived in, and the fact that so many actually lived in the slum areas of London, meant that many people could not avoid contact with either the rats or someone who had the disease.
  • Jan 1, 1378

    First appearance of Robin Hood inerature lit

    1908: Robin Hood and His Merry Men, a silent film directed by Percy Stow, and the first appearance of Robin Hood on the screen. 1912: Robin Hood, a film starring Robert Frazer as Robin Hood. 1922: Robin Hood, a film starring Douglas Fairbanks. 1938: The Adventures of Robin Hood, starring Errol Flynn in his most acclaimed role, considered by many to be the best Robin Hood movie.
  • Jan 1, 1387

    Chaucer writes The Canterbury Tales

    Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories in a frame story, between 1387 and 1400. It is the story of a group of thirty people who travel as pilgrims to Canterbury (England). The pilgrims, who come from all layers of society, tell stories to each other to kill time while they travel to Canterbury.
  • Jan 1, 1455

    War of the Roses

    The Wars of the Roses were a series of civil wars fought in medieval England from 1455 to 1487 between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The name Wars of the Roses is based on the badges used by the two sides, the red rose for the Lancastrians and the white rose for the Yorkists.
  • Jan 1, 1485

    First Tudor King, Henry VII, is crowned

    Being the first Tudor King of England, establishing the Tudor Dynasty. His victory at the Battle of Bosworth Field overthrew Richard III and effectively put an end to the Wars of the Roses. Henry is also known for his extreme frugality and his ability as an administrator.
  • Oct 30, 1485

    First printing of Le Morte d'Arthur

    In 1485, the same year that King Richard III’s death began the era of the Tudor monarchs, the pioneer of English printing, William Caxton, printed a volume that he entitled Le Morte Darthur. According to Caxton’s preface to this volume, he had been asked to print a history of King Arthur by certain “noble jentylmen.”