Medieval History Chapter 14

  • Jul 18, 1016


    Conquered England, molding Anglo-Saxons and Vikings into one people.
  • Period: Oct 14, 1042 to Jan 1, 1066

    King Edward

    King Edward took the throne. But died January 1066 without and heir. A great struggle for the throne erupted, which lead to one last invasion. On October 14, 1066, Normans and Anglo-Saxons fought the battle that changed the course of English history (the Battle of Hastings)
  • Period: May 16, 1154 to May 16, 1189

    Henry ll

    Henry ruled England. He strengthened the royal courts of justice by sending royal judges to every part of England at least once a year.
  • Period: Apr 26, 1180 to May 23, 1223

    Philip ll

    One of the most powerful Capetians was Philip ll, called Philip Augustus, who ruled in this time.
  • Period: May 16, 1199 to May 16, 1216


    Richard the Lion-Hearted dided so his younger brother John took the throne. He failed as a military leader and developed the nickname John Softsword.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Cara

    The nobles forced John to agree to the most celebrated documjent in England history, the Magna Carta (Great Charter)
  • Period: Aug 23, 1226 to Apr 24, 1270

    Louis IX

    France's central government became even stronger during the reign of Philip's grandson, Louis IX, who ruled during this time.
  • Period: Jan 23, 1285 to Jul 11, 1314

    Philip IV

    Philip IV ruled France during this time, and was involved in a quarrel with the pope.
  • Nov 17, 1295


    Edward summoned two burgesses from every borough and two knights from every cdountry to serve as a parliament, or legislative group.
  • May 23, 1300

    Pope Boniface VIII

    Pope Boniface VIII attempted to enforce papal authority on kings as previous popes had.
  • Feb 22, 1305


    Philip IV persuaded the College of Cardinals to choose a French archbishop as the new pope. A new pope was selected and moved from Rome to the city of Avignon in France.
  • Period: Dec 31, 1337 to May 23, 1453

    War for the Throne

    The war that Edward III launched for the French throne continued on and off in this time.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    First Battle

    The first and most spectacular battle was the Battle of Crecy.
  • Oct 16, 1347

    The Fleet

    A fleet of Genoese merchant ships arrived in Sicily carrying bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death.
  • Dec 27, 1414

    Great Schism

    The Council of Constance attempted to end the Great Schism by choosing a single pope. Also Jan Hus was seized by Church leaders.
  • Mar 22, 1415

    Execution of Jan Hus

    Jan Hus was tried as a heretic, and then burned at the stake.
  • Jul 25, 1420


    The French and English signed a treaty stating that Henry V would inherit the French crown upoh the death of the French king Charles VI.
  • Period: Mar 23, 1421 to Aug 26, 1453

    French Rally

    The French rallied and drove the English out of France entirely, except for the port city of Calais.
  • May 7, 1429


    Joan led the French army into battle at a fort city near Orleans. The fort blocked the road to Orleans.
  • May 30, 1431


    Condemned as a witch and a heretic because of her claim to hear voices, Joan was burned at the stake.
  • May 23, 1453

    The End

    The end of the Hundred Years' War also the end of the Middle Ages. The twin pillars of the medieval world, rligious devotion and the code of chivalry, both crumbled. The Age of Faith also died a slow death.
  • Period: to

    Alfred the Great

    Managed to turn back the Viking invaders. He and his successors unitecd the kingdom under one rule, calling it England, "land of the Angles."