Medieval Europe c.500-1500CE

  • 476

    Beginning of Medieval Period

    Beginning of Medieval Period
    The start of Medieval times started in 476 which refers to the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 476

    Romulus Augustulus deposed as Head of Roman Empire

    Romulus Augustulus deposed as Head of Roman Empire
    Known as the date for the fall of Western Rome, since after Odoacer deposed of Romulus Augustus, there was no rightful succeeder as emperor, starting anarchy and civil war. This began the Medieval Period; a time known as little development and documentation, even a step backwards from the technological superiority of the Romans. Odoacer becomes the first Barbarian leader of Italy.
  • 500

    Germanic Invasions

    Germanic Invasions
    By A.D. 500, Germanic Invasions had all but destroyed the urban world of the Roman empire.
    Trade declined, cities bridges and roads fell into disrepair, law and order vanished, and education almost disappeared.
    For most people, life did not extend beyond the tiny villages where they were born, lived, and died.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Spread of Smallpox

    Spread of Smallpox
    Smallpox spreads from India to Europe
    The medieval Period was a time of little sanitation and hygiene, hence the spread of diseases such as small pox.
  • Jan 12, 650

    Irish Missionaries

    Irish Missionaries
    The missionaries from Ireland won over many converts even though the Irish were isolated from the pope.
    Monasteries in Ireand sent missionaries throughout the area of Northern Atlantic and Western Europe.
    Most of the people of Western Europe eventually became Catholics.
  • Jan 1, 700

    Conversion to Catholicism complete

    Conversion to Catholicism complete
    Benedictine missionaries complete the conversion of England to catholicism after it was begun by St. Gregory the Great.
  • Period: Jan 1, 772 to

    Charlemagne invades North-Western Germany

    Charlemagne eventually subdues the Saxon rebellion after 30 years of warfare.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1050 to Jan 1, 1200

    First Agricultural Revolution

    A shft to cultivation after a period of milder weather. Efficient farming tools, some discovered by the Romans and Carloginians, are implemented.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    Battle of Hastings, fought between King Harold II of England and Duke William of Normandy after King of England Edward the Confessor died without a successor.
    The Battle is depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    The first Crusade started as a widespread pilgramage in France and Germany and it ended as a military expedition by Roman Catholic Europe to regain the Holy lands taken in the muslim conqusets of the leavent
    The Pope wanted to see the kingdom of Christendom unite under one banner to re-claim the Holy Lands. These expeditions lasted 200 years. He called all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land.
  • Aug 5, 1100

    Henry I

    Henry I
    Henry I is crowned King of England.
  • Jul 1, 1101

    Treaty of Alton

    Treaty of Alton
    The Treaty of Alton is signed between Henry I of England and his older brother Robert, Duke of Normandy
    Robert agrees to recognize Henry as King of England in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions. The agreement temporarily ended a crisis in the succession of the Anglo-Norman kings
  • Feb 1, 1145

    Second Crusade

    Second Crusade
    The Second Crusade is launched
    1 Feb 1145 - 1 Jan 1148
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death in Europe

    Black Death in Europe
    Black Death kills around a third of the population of Europe
    1 Jan 1347 - 1 Jan 1351
  • Jan 1, 1381

    Peasant's Revolt in England

    Peasant's Revolt in England
    Quickest-spread revolt in English history, and the most popular revolt of the Late Middle Ages.
  • Jan 1, 1417

    Renaissance Begins

    Renaissance Begins
    The renaisancce was a time of cultural change from the fourteenth century to the sixteenth century
  • Apr 6, 1453

    Ottoman State becomes an Empire

    Ottoman State becomes an Empire
    With the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed II in 1453, the Ottoman state was transformed into an empire.
  • Reccared, King of Visigoths in Spain converts to Catholicism

    Reccared, King of Visigoths in Spain converts to Catholicism
    Although the Medieval Period was known as a time of diminutive development, religion was an important aspect of it. Many say Christianity established itself as a leading religion in this period.
  • Charlemagne's Empire

    Charlemagne's Empire
    In A.D. 768 Pepin's son, Charlemagne, became the Frankish king. He was one of Europes great monarchs.
    Charlemagne nearly doubled the borders of his kingdom to include Germany, France, northern Spain, and most of Italy.
    His enlarged domain became known as the Frankish Empire.
  • Treaty of Verdun

    Treaty of Verdun
    The Treaty of Verdun was a treaty of the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, the son and successor of Charlemagne, which divided the territories of the Carolingian Empire to three kingdoms.
  • Viking Invasions

    Viking Invasions
    The Vikings lived on land that was not fertile; and hard to farm. After finding out that England was rich with plentiful lands and treeasures, they began to explore for better land and invade parts of Europe.
  • Alfred the Great

    Alfred the Great
    Alfred the Great becomes leader of the England and rules from 871-899. He was named for his Great Leadership.
  • Charlemagne crowned Emperor of Rom

    Charlemagne crowned Emperor of Rom
    Charlemagne incorporated art, culture, and religion and his rule was strongly influenced by the Catholic Church, therefore having a large influence on Europe.
  • Death of Charlemagne

    Death of Charlemagne
    Chalemagne is declared dead at Aachen.
  • Clovis becomes King

    Clovis becomes King
    In A.D. 481 a brutal and wiley warrior named Clovis became the King of the Franks.
    Fifteen years later Clovis became the first Germanic ruler to accept Catholicism.
  • Period: to Jan 1, 1066

    The Viking Age

    The Vikings were influential in many sackings and helped shape the dark ages