Medieval and Renaissance (476 A.D. -1600)

Timeline created by facebooker_3173716392746655
In Music
  • Period:
    476
    to
    1420

    Middle Ages/ Medieval Period (476 A.D. 1420)

    Most composers were Poets. Most music was used in church.
  • 480

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (480-524)

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (480-524)
    Philosopher, Statesman, and Music Theorist. Wrote The Fundaments of Music (500s)
  • 991

    Guido of Arezzo (991-1033)

    Guido of Arezzo (991-1033)
    Music Theorist, creator of a system of precise music notation. Advocate of Sight-Singing using Ut,Re,Mi,Fa,Sol,La
  • 1098

    Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)

    Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)
    Writer, composer, and theologian. Antiphon; O quam mirabilis est
  • 1130

    Bernat de Ventadorn (1130-1200)

    Bernat de Ventadorn (1130-1200)
    Famous Troubadour, many of his music still survives. Can vei la lauzeta mover
  • 1135

    Léonin [Leoninus] (1135-1201)

    Léonin [Leoninus] (1135-1201)
    Master of Organum Purum at the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris. (organum duplum)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5e9m9k_ZHEo]
  • 1170

    Walther von der Vogelweide (1170-1230)

    Walther von der Vogelweide (1170-1230)
    Poet and Minnesinger. Wrote the earliest surviving minnesinger melody. (Under der linden)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzXv7I-Zav8]
  • 1180

    Perótin ( Perotinus) (1180-1207)

    Master of Discant Organum at Notre Dame.
  • 1212

    Comtessa Beatriz de Dia (1212)

    Comtessa Beatriz de Dia (1212)
    Female Troubadour. The only surviving melody from a female troubadour.
  • 1213

    Moniot d'Arras (1213-1239)

    Moniot d'Arras (1213-1239)
    Monk at Arras, Trouvére.
  • 1245

    Adam de la Halle (1245-1285)

    Adam de la Halle (1245-1285)
    One of the last trouvéres. Wrote Polyphony, studied in Paris.
  • 1291

    Philippe de Vitry (1291-1361)

    Philippe de Vitry (1291-1361)
    The inventor of ars nova. French composer, poet, bishop, and theorist. Established a new tradition of mensural notation.
  • 1300

    Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377)

    Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377)
    The leading composer and poet of the Ars Nova. (Je vivroie liement)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ti59NdbG1c]
  • Period:
    1300
    to
    1350

    The Ars Nova in France (1300-1350)

    The Ars Nova in France focused on new compositional techniques: Isorythm and Hocket.
  • 1325

    Francesco Landini (1325-1397)

    Francesco Landini (1325-1397)
    Virtuoso Organist, blind from an early age. Most celebrated musical personality of the trecento. (Ecco la primavera)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHXtzNxzOYs]
  • Period:
    1347
    to
    1350

    Bubonic Plage (Black Death)

    More than 20 million people died in Europe
  • 1390

    John Dustaple (1390-1453)

    John Dustaple (1390-1453)
    The leading English composer. Created a new consonant style 3rd - 6rd that became the Renaissance style.
  • Period:
    1390
    to
    1430

    Moving Towards the Renaissance Style (1390-1430)

  • 1397

    Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474)

    Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474)
    The first important Renaissance composer. Franco-Flemish.(Nuper rosarum flores)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dV5b8AuLHg]
  • Period:
    1400
    to

    Renaissance (1400-1600)

    Polyphony was the primary texture in most genres. Secular music became more popular. Motets, masses, and Madrigals.
  • 1410

    Johannes Ockeghem (1410-1497)

    Johannes Ockeghem (1410-1497)
    French, Bass Singer. (Qu'es mi vida, preguntais)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8HqGSCoUxxk]
  • 1436

    Printing Press

    Johannes Guttenberg invented the mechanic Printing Press
  • 1450

    Josquin de Prez (1450-1521)

    Josquin de Prez (1450-1521)
    French, considered to be the best composer of their time. (Miserere mei Deus)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6pBEHBXmKk]
  • 1450

    Heinrich Isaac (1450-1517)

    Heinrich Isaac (1450-1517)
    Franco-Flemish (Missa de Apostolis)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eyvb_bd5Vqc]
  • 1452

    Pierre de la Rue (1452-1518)

    Pierre de la Rue (1452-1518)
    Leading composer, at the Burgundian court. Very famous on his day.
    (O salutaris hostia)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pSBCJ2l_Pw]
  • 1457

    Jacob Obtrech (1457-1505)

    Jacob Obtrech (1457-1505)
    Dutch, an important composer of masses in Europe. ( Beata es, Maria)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MPqV2mMA9g]
  • 1466

    Ottaviano Petrucci (1466-1539)

    Ottaviano Petrucci (1466-1539)
    First music printer and publisher
  • 1483

    Marthin Luther (1483-1546)

    Marthin Luther (1483-1546)
    German theologian and composer. Founder of Lutheran Church. (A Mighty Fortress Is Our God)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6k8DFb8fWs]
  • 1490

    Adrian Willaert (1490-1562)

    Adrian Willaert (1490-1562)
    Continuous Polyphony, studied with Jean Mouton.
    (Aspro core et selvaggio)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCgbHmQzo2E]
  • 1492

    Discovery of the Americas

    Christopher Colombus was an Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the Americas with the support of the Catholic Kings
  • Jan 30, 1505

    Thomas Tallis (1505-1585)

    Thomas Tallis (1505-1585)
    English organist, taught Byrd. Wrote English and Latin masses.
    (Spem In Alium)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Cn7ZW8ts3Y]
  • 1507

    Jacques Arcadelt (1507-1568)

    Jacques Arcadelt (1507-1568)
    Dutch, worked in Rome and Paris. Famous for his early Madrigals and his 3 to 7 masses.
    (Il bianco e dolce cigno )[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XITlmDJ9-Hk]
  • 1515

    Cipriano di Rore (1515-1565)

    Cipriano di Rore (1515-1565)
    Flemish, worked in Ferrara and Parma. Associated with Willaert(O Sonno)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aTO02Ev-IeU]
  • Jul 4, 1521

    Philippe de Monte (1521-1603)

    Philippe de Monte (1521-1603)
    One of the most prolific composers of the Renaissance. Mixed Polyphone and Homophony.
    (Peccavi super numerum arene maris)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdIzztuWnxA]
  • Feb 3, 1525

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)
    Become an icon of the Renaissance, Contrapuntual Liturgical music.
    (Magnificat Primi Toni)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9naa5YvyDU]
  • Jul 14, 1532

    Orlando di Lasso (1532-1594)

    Orlando di Lasso (1532-1594)
    Most versatile and prolific composer of the 16th century. More than 2000 works in different languages.
    (La nuict froide et sombre)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQN6gFnsGI4]
  • Sep 30, 1532

    Andrea Gabrieli (1532-1585)

    Andrea Gabrieli (1532-1585)
    Italian organist, composer, teacher.
    (Jubilate Deo)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mUmTjrTk8Uc]
  • Feb 5, 1534

    Count Giovanni Bardi (1534-1612)

    Count Giovanni Bardi (1534-1612)
    Italian critic, poet, composer, and playwright.
  • May 6, 1535

    Giaches de Wert (1535-1596)

    Giaches de Wert (1535-1596)
    Influenced Monteverdi, Pupil of Rore,
    (Vox in Rama)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=benyn2apkQM]
  • 1540

    William Byrd (1540-1623)

    William Byrd (1540-1623)
    English, Catholic composer writing Catholic and Protestant music in England. (Mass for 4 voices)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VXeT2HWpwc4]
  • Aug 20, 1548

    Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548-1611)

    Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548-1611)
    Spanish, the greatest Spanish composer of the Renaissance. Continued Palestrina's Roman-style in Spain. (O Magnum Mysterium)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MRPEJkoEstc]
  • Aug 22, 1553

    Luca Marenzio (1553-1599)

    Luca Marenzio (1553-1599)
    The leading madrigal composer of the late 16th century. Influenced the English Madrigal. (Veggo, dolce mio bene)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n1uWVdWJ_gc]
  • 1555

    The Peace of Augsburg

  • 1557

    Thomas Morley (1557-1602)

    Thomas Morley (1557-1602)
    English composer and theorist. Contributed to the creation of the English Madrigal.
    (Now is the month of Maying)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vcpZWsDT6ug]
  • Mar 8, 1561

    Carlo Gesualdo (1561-1613)

    Carlo Gesualdo (1561-1613)
    Neapolitan Prince of Venosa. Known for his Chromaticism.
    (Tenebrae Factae Sunt)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T_Q_5G5LMS0]
  • Jun 15, 1567

    Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1620)

    Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1620)
    Ahead of his time took music into a new style to Seconda Practica
    (Magnificat)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RajAq0Yd-s4]
  • Oct 25, 1576

    Thomas Weelkes (1576-1623)

    Thomas Weelkes (1576-1623)
    English organist.
    (O Care, thou wilt despatch me)[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZobIf8KBcH4]