U2 Music - Classical Period

  • Period: to

    Classical Period

  • Johan Sebastien Bach dies

    Johan Sebastien Bach dies
    Johan Sebastien Bach dies, and this is considered to be the end of the Baroque period. The Baroque style of music is considered to be simple, whereas Classical style music consists of symphonies and string quartets. Bach died at the age of 65 and people believe that he died of stroke complicated by pneumonia.
  • Muzio Clementi is born

    Muzio Clementi is born
    Muzio Clementi, a famous composer, pianist, and conductor, is born. He was born in Rome, Italy but later moved to England and spent most of his life there. With his unique style of playing and composing, he influenced many succeeding musicians.
  • Benjamin Franklin's Kite

    Benjamin Franklin's Kite
    Benjamin Franklin flies a kite to during a thunderstorm in Philadelphia to justify his theory that lightning is electricity.
  • Benjamin Banneker builds the first clock in America

    Benjamin Banneker builds the first clock in America
    Benjamin Banneker builds the first clock built entirely in America. A significant factor that sparked interest in the society back then was that he was African-American. He was also a free African American astronomer, mathematician, surveyor, almanac author and farmer.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the famous Austrian-born composer, is born. He spent his childhood in Salzburg, and was reknowned there for his talent in keyboard and violin.
  • Quebec falls to Britain

    The French in Quebec surrender to Britain and the Brits take control over Quebec.
  • George Frideric Handel dies

    George Frideric Handel dies
    George Frideric Handel, the famous German-British Baroque composer, dies. He was famous for his operas, oratios, anthems, and organ concertos. He died at the age of 74 and the last concert he attended was of Messiah.
  • George III becomes King

    George III becomes King
    George III becomes the King of Great Britain, Ireland, and America.
  • Benjamin Franklin invents the first bifocal lenses

    Benjamin Franklin invents the first bifocal lenses for eye glasses. This is a very significant development in optometry.
  • Benjamin Franklin improves the glass harmonica

    Benjamin Franklin improves the glass harmonica
    Benjamin Franklin improves the glass harmonica, and makes a great contribution to the Classical Period of music.
  • French and Indian War ends

    French and Indian War ends
    The French and Indian War ends with the Treaty of Paris, signed by both opposing sides. Canada come under the control of the British.
  • Mozart composes his first symphony

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Symphony No 1 In E Flat K 16 AndanteMozart conposes the Symphony No. 1 in E flat major at the age of 8. He composed this piece in London and it was first performed on February 21, 1765.
  • The Connecticut Courant starts publishing

    The Connecticut Courant starts publishing
    The Connecticut Courant, the oldest continuously published newspaper in the US, begins publishing in 1764. It is first published in Hartford, Connecticut.
  • Philadelphia leading economic center

    Philadelphia leading economic center
    Philadelphia becomes America's leading economic center. This is supported by its agricultural exports, shipbuilding, and iron forging.
  • Mozart's First Symphony is performed

    Mozart's Symphony No. 1 in E flat major is performed for the first time.
  • British Stamp Act

    British Stamp Act
    The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act. This creates tax on all newspapers, legal documents, phaphlets, almanacs, and playing cards by requiring that they need stamps.
  • Stamp Act repealed

    The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act because of American protests. The Americans avoided the purchase and use of stamps, so the Stamp Act was repealed upon further review.
  • David Rittenhouse's Planetarium

    David Rittenhouse's Planetarium
    David Rittenhouse builds the first planetarium in America, and the first significant work here was when Rittenhouse plotted the orbits of Venus and Mercury in 1769. He was also a Philadelphia clockmaker.
  • Georg Philipp Telemann dies

    Georg Philipp Telemann dies
    Telemann - Concerto a 6 for Flute & ViolinGeorg Philipp Telemann passes away. He was a German Baroque composer who was a famous multi-instrumentalist as well. He self-taught music, which is another significant part of his music development.
  • The Liberty Song

    The Liberty Song
    The Boston Gazette publishes the Liberty Song, and this is one of the starting events of America's patriotism. It was composed by John Dickinson.
  • Henry Williams Stiegel opens American Glassmaking Works

    Henry Williams Stiegel opens American Glassmaking Works
    Henry Williams Steigel opens the American Glassmaking Works in Manhein, Pennsylvania. This later becomes very famous and becomes one of the biggest in the US.
  • King George III's tea tax

    King George III's tea tax
    King George III chooses to keep taxes on teas to represent Britain's ability to tax its colonies, such as America.
  • Phillis Wheatly poems

    Phillis Wheatly poems
    Phillis Wheatly is the first African-American women in America to have her poems first published. African-American women had difficulty finding equal rights, and this was a step towards civil rights.
  • Rhode Island attack Gaspee

    Rhode Island attack Gaspee
    Rhode Island merchants attack the ship Gaspee. This is a British customs ship, and it was attacked and burned.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    After officials in Boston refused to return three ships of taxed tea to Britain, colonists boarded the ships and threw 342 cases of tea into the Boston Harbor. This was to preotest the Tea Act.
  • Abolitionist Society created

    The world's first abolitionist society is organized by Anthony Benezet of Philadelphia. It is a group fighting against African American Slavery.
  • American Revolution Begins

    American Revolution Begins
    The American Revolution begins when shots are exchanged between British soldiers and Americans. This took place in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. 273 British men and 93 Americans died.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Written by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration of Independence is approved by the Continental Congress. America is now independent from Britain.
  • The American flag

    The first American flag with 12 red and white stripes and 13 stars on a blue background is introduced and adopted by the United States Congress.
  • Hawaii

    Captain James Cook charts the Alaskan coast and explores Hawaii, becoming the first European to ever explore it.
  • Valley Forge

    George Washington takes his Continental Army and spends the winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania without supplies or shelter.
  • John Paul Jones

    John Paul Jones, an American naval captain, fight a British warship and achieve victory in a battle at sea.
  • Charleston, South Carolina

    Over 5000 American soldiers surrender at Charleston, South Caroline, and face the worst defeat in the American Revolutionary War.
  • Sebastiano Carezo invents Bolero

    Sebastiano Carezo invents the Spanish Dance called Bolero in 1780 (Unknown month and day). The Bolero becomes popular during the Classical period later on.
  • Slave Rebellion

    African American slaves rebel in Williamsburg, Virginia in search for liberty.
  • Mozart moves to Vienna

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Concerto No. 21 - AndanteWolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the famous composer and musician, moves to Vienna and creates most of his famous works there.
  • Johann Christian Bach dies

    Johann Christian Bach (1735-1782): Concerto in D Major, Part 1Johann Christian Bach, a famous composer of the Classical era, dies. He died in London on New Year's Day. He was buried next to St. Pancras Old Church, London.
  • Harvard Medical School opens

    The Harvard Medical School opens and welcomes many medical prospects. It was founded by Dr. John Warren with Benjamin Waterhouse and Aaron Dexter.
  • The American Revolution ends

    The American Revolution finally ends when America and Britain sign the Treaty of Paris (1783).
  • Wilhelm Freidmann Bach passed away

    Wilhelm Friedemann Bach - Suite in g (1/2)Wilhelm Friedemann dies in Berlin leaving many works. SOme were cantatas, chamer works, keyboard pieces, and opera, and symphonies.
  • Marriage of Figaro primeres

    Mozart-The Marriage of FigaroMozart's Marriage of Figaro primered on May 1, 1786, at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Mozart himself conducted the first two performances, but later, Joseph Weigi conducted the performances.
  • CPE Bach Passes away

    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788): Concerto in D MinorCarl Philipp Emanuel Bach passes away. He died in Hamburg and was buiried in the Michaeliskirche in Hamburg. He was known for his famous Flute Sonatas and Concertos
  • George Washington becomes president

    George Washington becomes the first president of the United States with Vice President John Adams. He was in office until March 4, 1797.
  • Cosi fan tutte premieres

    Cosi fan tutte MozartMozart's Cosi fan tutte is first performed in Vienna at the Burgtheater. It was rarely played even though it was magnificant because of historical events that prevented performance.
  • Mozart's Magic Flute is First Performed

    Magic FluteMozart's Magic Flute was first performed in Vienna, and is considered very famous. It was performed at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra.
  • Haydn becomes Beethoven's teacher

    Haydn : Symphony No. 94, 'Surprise', 2nd movementHaydn becomes Beethoven's teacher, and passes on many of his compsing skills.
  • Gioachino Rossini is born

    Gioachino Rossini : The Barber Of Seville - OvertureThe famous Italian composer Gioachino Antonio Rossini, is born. He wrote 39 operas, sacred music, chamber music, and many songs.
  • Niccolo Paganini debuts

    Niccolo Paganini Caprice No. 1 and 2Niccolo Paganini, born on October 27, 1782, was a violin virtuosi, and his violin technique was left behind for others to follow in his footsteps. He debuted in 1793.
  • Franz Schubert is born

    Franz Schubert: Ave MariaFranz Schubert, the famous Austrian composer, was born. Although he died at an early age of 31, he wrote over 600 songs including 9 symphonies.
  • Gaetano Donizetti is born

    Gaetano Donizetti - Lucia di Lammermoor - "Il dolce suono" (Joan Sutherland) (1959)The Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti was born. He was born in Bergamo, Lombardy. He composed many operas such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Lucia di Lammermoor (1835)
  • Beethoven's Symphony #1 in C Major premieres

    Beethoven: Symphony No 1: Movement 1Beethoven's Symphony #1 in C Major was first performed on April 2, 1801 at the K.K. Hoftheater nächst der Burg in Vienna.
  • Louis-Hector Berlioz is born

    Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique- 5th MovementLouis Hector Berlioz, a famous French Romantic Composer, is born on this date. He is considered as the master of orchestration. He composed avoer 50 songs and performed with over 1000 musicians.