War Time after Time

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    Benito Mussolini's Life

    Benito Mussolini ( Italy 29 July 1883 - 28 April 1945) was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945. Originally a revolutionary socialist, became prime minister in 1922. Called “Il Duce” (the Leader) by his countrymen or simply “Mussolini,” he allied himself with Adolf Hitler during World War II, relying on the German dictator to prop up his leadership. www.britannica.com/biography/Benito-Mussolini
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    Adolf's Hitler's Lifetime

    Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889- 30 April 1945) ruled Nazi Germany as a dictator from 1934 to 1945. He rose to power as the chancellor of Germany in 1933, and his military policies led to WW II and the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the genocide of an estimated six million Jews in the Holocaust, representing two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. www.biography.com/dictator/adolf-hitler
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    Francisco Franco Lifetime

    Francisco Franco was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain from 1939 to 1975 as a dictator. During his rule Franco assumed the title Caudillo. This period in Spanish history, from the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War to Franco's death, is known as Francois Spain. As a conservative and a monarchist, Franco regretted the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931.
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    Régimen Franquista

    Francoist Spain, is the period of Spanish history between 1936 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain as dictator with the title Caudillo. The Francoists took control of Spain through a comprehensive and methodical war of attrition (guerra de desgaste) which involved the imprisonment and executions of Spaniards found guilty of supporting the values promoted by the Republic.
  • Beginning of the Spanish Civil War

    Beginning of the Spanish Civil War
    A well-planned military uprising began on July 17, 1936, in various towns throughout Spain. By July 21 the rebels had achieved control in Spanish Morocco, the Canary Islands, and the Balearic Islands and in the part of Spain north. In any event, the proliferation of executions, murders, and assassinations on both sides reflects the great passions that the Civil War unleashed. www.youtube.com/watch?v=gArK29LPeoI
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    Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War, (1936–39) was a military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements.
    The Nationalists, as the rebels were called, received aid from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germani. The Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union as well as from the International Brigades composed of volunteers from Europe and the Unites States. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/spanish-civil-war
  • Beginning of Franquismo

    Beginning of Franquismo
    In July 1936, Franco emerged as the dominant rebel military leader and was proclaimed Head of State on 1 October 1936, ruling a dictatorship over the territory controlled by the Nationalist fiction. In April 1937, Franco assumed control of the Falange Española de las JONS, then led by Manuel Hedilla, who had succeeded José Antonio Primo de Rivera, who was executed in November 1936 by the Republican government. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francoist_Spain
  • End of the Spanish Civil War

    End of the Spanish Civil War
    April 1st 1939 brought about the end of the nearly three-year, bloody civil war that even entangled Nazi Germany. General Francisco Franco declared victory for the Nationalists over the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War during a radio speech. The end of the Spanish Civil War changed the balance of power in Europe. It marked the beginning of Francisco Franco's fascist dictatorship. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/spanish-civil-war
  • The beginning of World War II

    The beginning of World War II
    World War II was the conflict which involved every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The principal sides were the Axis powers-Germany, Italy, and Japan-and the Allies-France, Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union.
    On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland from the west; two days later, France and Britain, declared war on Germany, beginning World War II.
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    World War II

  • Countries Involved in World War II

    Countries Involved in World War II
    In the Second World War there were two sides:
    The Axis:
    The Allies: Australia,Belgium,Brazil,Canada,China,Czechoslovakia,Estonia,
    France,Greece,India,Lithuania,Malta,The Netherlands,New Zealand,Poland,South Africa,United Kingdom,United States,USSR (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=291YeXhcfp8)
  • Adolf's Hitler's Death

    Adolf's Hitler's Death
    Adolf Hitler, burrowed away in a refurbished air-raid shelter, consumes a cyanide capsule, then shoots himself with a pistol, on April 30, 1945, as his “1,000-year” Reich collapses above him.
    The bodies of Hitler and his new wife, Eva Braun, were found in the bunker, with a bullet hole in Hitler’s temple. Germany finally officially declared Hitler dead, but not until 1956. www.dw.com/en/the-death-of-adolf-hitler-the-history-of-a-state-secret/av-53287125
  • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    On August 6, 1945, during World War II (1939-45), an American B-29 bomber dropped the world’s first deployed atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80,000 people; Three days later, a second B-29 dropped another A-bomb on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people.
    The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were ordered by Harry S. Truman
  • End of the World War II

    End of the World War II
    The war in Europe between the Allied and Axis powers reached its endgame in April 1945. After the Third Reich submitted to Western and Russian demands, Germany’s unconditional surrender was signed at 2.41pm on 7 May in Rheims. However, the war continued to rage in the Far East. Japan surrendered soon after the USA bombings, but the surrender documents were not signed until 2 September 1945, officially marking the end of the war. www.youtube.com/watch?v=fo2Rb9h788s
  • Mussolini`s Death

    Mussolini`s Death
    Mussolini and his mistress, Claretta Petacci, were executed on April 28, 1945, in Mezzegra Italy. Following the liberation of Rome by Allied forces, the pair had attempted to escape to Switzerland but were captured by the Italian underground on April 27, 1945. The Italian masses greeted Mussolini's death without regret. Mussolini had brought his country only war and misery. www.history.com/news/mussolinis-final-hours
  • End of Franquismo

    End of Franquismo
    In the early morning of November 20, 1975, the Prime Minister Carlos Arias Navarro announced on television the death of the "Caudillo" and then read his last message, the so-called political testament of Franco.172 The funeral chapel was installed in the Palacio de Oriente in Madrid, where long queues formed to access the room where the uncovered coffin containing his corpse was located. https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictadura_de_Francisco_Franco
  • Mussolini`s Facts

    Mussolini`s Facts
    Hitler cried when he met Mussolini
    Mussolini had a penchant for violence even as a youth
    Mussolini was a socialist before becoming a fascist
    Italy’s leaders never called on the military to stop Mussolini’s insurrection
    Mussolini did not become a true dictator until 1925
    Mussolini was anti-Church before becoming pro-Church.
    Mussolini sought to establish an Italian empire
    Italy’s army performed disastrously during World War II
  • Somali Civil War Starts

    Somali Civil War Starts
    The Somali Civil War ( 26 January 1991- present) is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia. It grew out of resistance to the military junta led by Siad Barre during the 1980s. By 1988–1990, the Somali Armed Forces began engaging various armed rebel groups, including the Somali Salvation Democratic Front in the northeast, the Somali National Movement in the northwest, and the U. Somali Congress in the south. www.britannica.com/place/Somalia/Civil-war
  • Beginning of Afghanistan conflict

    Beginning of Afghanistan conflict
    This deadly conflict began on the 7 October 2001. If Yemen is the world’s worst humanitarian disaster, Afghanistan suffers its deadliest fighting. In 2018, the war killed more than 40,000 combatants and civilians. All sides understand that a rapid pullout could provoke a major new civil war, an outcome nobody, including the Taliban, wants. www.crisisgroup.org/global/10-conflicts-watch-2019
  • Beginning of the War of Iraq

    Beginning of the War of Iraq
    On March 20, 2003, with the US bombardment of the Asian country, a coalition led by the United States along with allied countries such as the United Kingdom and Spain, began the invasion of Iraq. The main justification for this operation was the claim that Saddam Hussein owned and developed weapons of mass destruction.The Iraqi leader was overthrown.The conflict did not end until more than seven years later.
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    Iraq War

    The Iraq War ( 8 years, 8 months and 28 days) was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. www.history.com/this-day-in-history/war-in-iraq-begins
  • Syrian Civil War starts

    Syrian Civil War starts
    The Syrian Civil War started on the 15 March 2011, and this war is an ongoing multi-sided Civil War in Syria fought between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, along with domestic and foreign allies, and various domestic and foreign forces opposing both the Syrian government and each other in varying combinations. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrian_civil_war
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    South Sudan Conflict

    Since South Sudan’s civil war erupted five years ago, 400,000 people have died. In September, President Salva Kiir and his main rival, the former vice president-turned rebel leader Riek Machar, signed an agreement to hold fire and rule together until elections in 2022. Most importantly, it has reduced violence. For now, this is reason enough to support the accord. www.crisisgroup.org/global/10-conflicts-watch-2019
  • Yemen conflict starts

    Yemen conflict starts
    If one place has borne the brunt of international lawlessness over the past year it is Yemen. Fighting started after Huthi rebels expelled the internationally recognised government from the capital. It escalated the following March, when Saudi Arabia, together with the United Arab Emirates, began bombing and blockading Yemen. www.crisisgroup.org/global/10-conflicts-watch-2019