The Cold War to Civil Rights Jovante & Tyler

  • United Nations Born

    United Nations Born
    The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. Link
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    Nuremburg Trials

    The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany. Link
  • 22nd Amendment passed

    22nd Amendment passed
    An amendment to the U.S. constitution, ratified in 1951, limiting presidential terms to two for any one person, or to one elected term if the person has completed more than two years of another's term. Link
  • CIA Founded

    CIA Founded
    The Central Intelligence Agency was created in 1947 with the signing of the National Security Act by President Harry S. Truman. The act also created a Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) to serve as head of the United States intelligence community; act as the principal adviser to the President for intelligence matters related to the national security; and serve as head of the Central Intelligence Agency. <a href='https://www.cia.gov/index.html' > Link</a
  • President Truman orders development of Hydrogen Bomb

    President Truman orders development of Hydrogen Bomb
    On January 31st, 1950, Truman announced that he had directed the Atomic Agency Commission 'to continue with its work on all forms of atomic energy weapons, including the so-called hydrogen or super-bomb'. Link
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    Korean War

    A war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), at one time supported by China and the Soviet Union. Link
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes President

    Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes President
    34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. He was a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe. Link
  • Segregation is Ruled Unconstitutional

    Segregation is Ruled Unconstitutional
    After the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in America, racial discrimination became regulated by the so-called Jim Crow laws. This legislation that mandated segregation lasted to the mid-1960s. Link
  • Development of Vaccine for Polio

    Development of Vaccine for Polio
    Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat poliomyelitis (or polio). The first was developed by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. Announced to the world by Dr Thomas Francis Junior on April 12, 1955. Link
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    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956. Link
  • Launch date of Sputnik

    Launch date of Sputnik
    Was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was visible all around the Earth and its radio pulses were detectable. The surprise success precipitated the American Sputnik crisis and triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War. Link
  • Explorer 1 launched

    Explorer 1 launched
    Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year. The mission followed the first two satellites the previous year; the Soviet Union's Sputnik 1 and 2, beginning the Cold War Space Race between the two nations. Link
  • Nasa Founded

    Nasa Founded
    (NASA) is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958[5] with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science.
    Link
  • Castro becomes Dictator

    Castro becomes Dictator
    In 1959, Castro used guerilla warfare to successfully overthrow Cuban leader Batista, and was sworn in as prime minister of Cuba. As Cuban prime minister, Castro's government established covert military and economic relations with the Soviet Union, leading to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Link
  • Soviets Launch First Man in Space

    Soviets Launch First Man in Space
    Yuri Gagarin a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961. Link
  • Berlin Wall Built

    Berlin Wall Built
    A barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin Link
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    A 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other side. The crisis is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflic. Link
  • MLK gives "I Have a Dream" Speech

    MLK gives "I Have a Dream" Speech
    American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. Link
  • JFK Assas.

    JFK Assas.
    the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot by a sniper while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife Nellie, in a presidential motorcade. Link
  • Civil Rights Act Passes in U.S.

    Civil Rights Act Passes in U.S.
    A landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Link
  • Warren Report

    Warren Report
    Established by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 29, 1963 to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963. Its 889-page final report was presented to President Johnson on September 24, 1964 Link
  • Immigration and Nationality Act Effective in U.S.

    Immigration and Nationality Act Effective in U.S.
    Also known as the Hart–Celler Act,[1] abolished the National Origins Formula that had been in place in the United States since the Emergency Quota Act. Link
  • MLK Assas.

    MLK Assas.
    He was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee on Thursday April 4, 1968, at the age of 39. Link
  • 1st Man on the Moon

    1st Man on the Moon
    Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the Moon, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC. Armstrong became the first to step onto the lunar surface six hours later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC. Link