Trovadores

HISTORY OF MUSIC

  • 1845 BCE

    Tuba

    Tuba
    Brass
  • Period: 504 to 604

    Pope Gregory the Great

    Gregorian chant is called like this because of him
  • Period: 600 to 800

    Roman Catholic Chruch

    Liturgical plainsongs.
    We call this musical repertoire Gregorian Chant
  • Period: 700 to 900

    GREGORIAN CHANT

    The Roman Catholic Church complied its liturgical plaisont. We call Gregorian Church in honour of Pope Gregory the Great.
    -onophonic texture.
    -Modal scales and is in free.
  • 800

    Liturgical polyphony

    Organum
    Discantus
    Conductus
  • 1033

    Guido d’ Arezzo

    Guido d’ Arezzo
  • 1200

    Mensural notation

    Mensural notation
  • 1335

    Cancionero de Palacio

    Cancionero de Palacio
    The most important songbooks were the Spanish manuscripts for example Cancionero De Palacio , it has more tan 400 pieces from the times of the Catholic Monarchs about different subjects in dfferent languages too.
  • 1400

    Renaissance Dances

    Renaissance Dances
    Performed in palaces halls by the nobility. Members of the court required good dance training, because the high classes always danced at social events and its own choreography.
    One of the bets–know combinations of dances was the:pavanes, galliard, branle and sarabande.
  • 1400

    Religious Vocal Music

    Religious Vocal Music
    Three main forms
    -Motet: it already existed in Middle Ages.This form becamemore important,religious and included more parts
    -Mass: it was a long composicion with liturgical texts,written in latin. It was based on the fixed parts of the religious ceremony
    -Chorale:it was the most common musical form in the protestant liturgy. It was based on pre-existing melodies sung in the vernacular with a simple texture and an AAB structure.
  • 1453

    Ends of the Middle Ages

  • Period: 1483 to 1546

    Martin Luther

    He was a German theologian and monk known for starting the Protestant Reformation. He was also a composer and flautist. He created a repertoire of simple melodies in the vernacular. On the other hand , Catholic music continued to be composed and written in Latin
  • 1492

    Discovery of America

    Discovery of America
  • 1500

    Instrumental Music

    Instrumental Music
    Compositions based on vocal music: instrumentalist who usually accompanied vocal pieces, used these as a base for instrumental works.
    Compositions with an improvisational feel: composer started to write down any brief improvised pieces that were of good musical quality.
    Variations: it consisted of the exposition of a short musical theme followed by some variations on it. in Spain it was called diferencias.
  • 1500

    Renaissance Music

    Renaissance Music
    In this period , distinction between religious and secular music continued.Vocal and instrumental msic had this main characteristics: 1.It was composed for several parts 2.It was composed using medieval modal scales 3.It ha a defined and regular rhythm.
    The distinction between religious and secular music continued.
    Vocal and Instrumental music had this main characteristics:
    1.It was composed in several parts
    2.It was composed using medieval modal scales
    3.It had a defined and regular rhythm.
  • Instruments

    Instruments
    -Chordophones: Baroque guitar, violin, viola, cello, double bass.
    -Aerophones: Flute, oboe, bassoon, trumpet.
    -Membranophones: Kettledrums.
  • The Baroque Orchestra

  • Instrumental forms

    -The fugue: was the one of the main Baroque forms for keyboard instruments. -The suite: involved the pairs of dances performed together in the Renaissance. -The sonata: consisted of four movements, alternating between fast and slow tempos. -The concerto: consisted of three contrasting movements. The concerto grosso, ripiento and solo concerto.
  • Period: to

    Baroque music

  • Period: to

    Zarzuela

  • Toccata

    Toccata
    Composition with an improvisional feel. Composers started to write down any brief improvised pieces.
  • Period: to

    Classical Period

    It was between the early Modern period and the late Modern period.
  • French Revolution

    French Revolution
  • The age of Enlightenment

    The age of Enlightenment
    Enlightenment despotism was a political system in which absolutist monarchs carried out a series of important reforms based on Enlightenment ideas, but without consulting the common people or changing the social system of the time.
  • The Arts

    The Arts
    The period the we know as the Classical period in music is called Neoclassicism in the rest of the arts.
  • Sonata form

    •Exposition: theme A and theme B. A bridge join 2 parts. The exposition sometimes ends with a short coda and all of it is usually repeated.
    •Development: its a section where the composers can give more freedom to his or her imagination and present new musical material.
    •Reexposition: consist of a repetition of the exposition, but with some modifications. It ends with a final coda.
  • Other musical forms

    •Minuet: ABA
    •Rondo: ABACA
    •Theme and variations: AA1A2A3A4A5...
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Instrumental forms

    NUMBER OF THE MOVEMENTS---FORM---STRUCTURE
    I ---sonata form---ABA`

    II ---theme and variations---AA1A2A3...
    III ---minuet---ABA
    IV ---rondo---ABBACA
  • Classical period in Spain

    Among the composers of this period, Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga stands out for his early talent.
    Fernando Sor, was well known for his good works for guitar.
    Vicente Martín y Soler wrote many operas in the Italy style.
  • Compositions for piano

    Compositions for piano
    Short pieces for solo piano: they were simple and free musical structure. Aimed to show the virtuosity of the performers
    Chamber music: was performed in concert halls or private concerts, was also played in duets, trios, quartets and quintets with other string and wind instruments
    Longer works: included concertosfor piano and orchestra
  • Music in the romantic period

    Music in the romantic period
    It is characterised by:
    Wanting to be free from Classical rules
    Aiming for the virtuosity
    Melody is an important mean of expression
    Using a wider vocabulary on scores
    Use melody-dominated homophony
    aim the uniy in the piece of music
  • English Horn

    English Horn
    WoodWind
  • Trombone

    Trombone
    Woodwind
  • Bass Clarinet

    Bass Clarinet
    WoodWind
  • Saxophone

    Saxophone
    WoodWind
  • Period: to

    SECOND WORLD WAR

  • IMPRESSIONISM

    IMPRESSIONISM
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QdE2Cdn8VnU
    -Musical atmsopheres inspired by nature or inusual things.
    -Scales that evoked oriental music, like the pentatonic scale.
    -Imprecise melodic lines and a free, irregular rhythm.
    -Timbres of different instruments overlapping each other, forming a sound collage
  • EXPRESSIONISM

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3J4DZ3_MwBQ
    -It used a very strong rhythm.
    -Compositions were designed for small chamber ensembles, in which each instrument had a promient role.
    -In some compositions, the melodic lines was lost in favour of a type of recitative singing, called Sprechgesang.
    -It included strong dissonances constant tension.
    -It used atonality and the twelve-tone technique.
  • ATONALITY AND TWELVE-TONE TECHNIQUE

    ATONALITY AND TWELVE-TONE TECHNIQUE
    Australian composer Arnold Schönberg.
  • NEOCLASSICISM

    NEOCLASSICISM
    -Irregular rhythm.
    Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev.
  • ALEATORIC MUSIC

  • MUSIQUE CONCRETE

    Pierre Schaeffer
  • ELECTRONES MUSIC

    Karlheinz Stockhausen
  • MINIMAL MUSIC

    Steve Reich
  • MUSIC IN SPAIN

    Generación del 27 and Generación de 51
  • BALLET RUSSES AND CONTEMPORARY DANCE

    Isadora Duncan