Main historical facts

Timeline created by GaabyR
In History
  • 553

    The Byzantines culminate the conquest of Italy.

  • 632

    Death of Muhammad

    Muslim armies conquered the Middle East, expansion of Islam.
  • 711

    Muslims cross the Strait of Gibraltar and invade Spain

    End of the Visigoth Kingdom and beginning of Arab rule in the peninsula.
  • 800

    Carlomagno is crowned Emperor of the West.

    He was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in St. Peter's Cathedral, becoming one of the most powerful rulers of his time.
  • 814

    Carlomagno's death

    Carlomagno died from a disease (pleurisy)
  • 905

    Navarra becomes an independent kingdom.

    The end of the independence of the kingdom came when Fernando the Catholic, and later his Burgundian grandson Carlos I of Spain, carried out the military conquest between 1512 and 1528 with different resistances.
  • 1081

    Enrique IV attacks Italy.

    He was the son of Emperor Henry III and the emperor of the Holy Germanic Roman Empire from 1084 to 1105.
  • 1105

    Enrique IV of Germany is overthrown.

    Henry IV was a Germanic king from 1056, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1084, until his abdication in 1105.
  • 1202

    Fourth crusade to reconquer the Holy Land

    Fourth crusade to reconquer the Holy Land, but its course changed, ending with the conquest and looting of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1312

    Enrique VII monarch

    Enrique VII, first monarch of the Holy Germanic Roman Empire crowned as Emperor
  • 1428

    France revives with Joan of Arc

    Joan of Arc, also known as Saint Joan of Arc or the Maiden of Orleans, was a young French peasant who led the French Army in the Hundred Years' War against England, making Charles VII of Valois be crowned king of France.
  • 1453

    Fall of the Byzantine Empire.

    The Ottoman Turks took Constantinople from the Christians
  • 1478

    Ivan III expels the Mongols from Russia

    Ivan III, also known as Ivan the Great, was a great prince of Moscow and the first to adopt the title of "Sovereign of all Russia"
  • 1493

    Foundation of the New Spanish in the new world.

    Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas.
  • 1497

    Trip to the new world of Americo Vespucio.

    Americo Vespucio was the cartographer who discovered that it was a new continent and it wasn't the India named it America
  • 1500

    The Italian Renaissance begins

    The Italian Renaissance begins after overcoming the crisis of the low middle ages
  • 1506

    Construction of St. Peter's Cathedral begins

    It's built in Rome
  • 1555

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    It is the main exponent of the early Baroque. His music already contains the essential stylistic elements of the new aesthetic era.
  • Isabel I 's death

    The son of his cousin Maria Estuardo de Escocia, Jacobo I remains as heir
  • Carlos I is executed

    Carlos I is executed in 1649 for being considered a tyrant
  • Newton's discoveries

    Newton discovers gravity in 1678. Together with Leibnitz they invent calculus: the mathematical study of movement.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    “Toccata y fuga en Re menor"
  • Antonio Vivaldi

  • Joseph Haydn

    Joseph Haydn, was an Austrian composer. He is one of the top representatives of the classical period, besides being known as the "father of the symphony" and the "father of the string quartet" thanks to his important contributions to both genres.
  • George Frederick Händel

  • Mozart

    Mozart was a composer and pianist of the former Archbishop of Salzburg, considered one of the most influential and prominent musicians in history.
  • Johann Friedrich Fasch

    His main works include cantatas, concerts for different instruments, such as his trumpet concert, two oboes and continuous bass in D major, symphonies and chamber music. None of his works were published during his life. Much of his vocal work, including four operas, has been lost.
  • Events

  • Beethoven

    Ludwig van Beethoven was a composer, conductor and German pianist. His musical legacy covers, chronologically, from Classicism to the beginnings of Romanticism
  • Luigi Boccherini

    Luigi Rodolfo Boccherini was an Italian composer and cellist from the age of twenty-five in Spain, where he developed most of his career as a composer.
  • Felix Mendelssohn

    Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, was a composer, orchestra conductor and German romantic music pianist, and brother of the also pianist and composer Fanny Mendelssohn
  • Franz Liszt

    Franz Liszt fue un compositor y pianista húngaro. Empezó su carrera a los nueve años tocando para magnates en un mundo todavía cortesano, y la culminó como ejemplo del artista romántico, independiente y aristocrático de una época burguesa y capitalista.
  • Period:


    Started with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and ended with the Discovery of America or the fall of Constantinople
  • Period:


    Shakespeare, Josquin Des Pres and Tomás Luis de Victoria are some of the most important Renaissance musicians
  • Period: to

    Baroque Period

    -Homophonic texture
    -Compositions loaded with arrangements
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

    -Experimentation period
    -Monodic style
    -It seeks to contrast the main voice of the other instruments
  • Period: to

    Intermediate Baroque

    -Consolidation period
    -Tonal language development
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

    -Harmony merges with polyphony
    -Instrumental music highlights
    -Italian composers and musicians extend instrumental music
  • Period: to