Main historical facts

Timeline created by GaabyR
In History
  • 553

    The Byzantines culminate the conquest of Italy.

  • 632

    Death of Muhammad

    Muslim armies conquered the Middle East, expansion of Islam.
  • 711

    Muslims cross the Strait of Gibraltar and invade Spain

    End of the Visigoth Kingdom and beginning of Arab rule in the peninsula.
  • 800

    Carlomagno is crowned Emperor of the West.

    He was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in St. Peter's Cathedral, becoming one of the most powerful rulers of his time.
  • 814

    Carlomagno's death

    Carlomagno died from a disease (pleurisy)
  • 905

    Navarra becomes an independent kingdom.

    The end of the independence of the kingdom came when Fernando the Catholic, and later his Burgundian grandson Carlos I of Spain, carried out the military conquest between 1512 and 1528 with different resistances.
  • 1081

    Enrique IV attacks Italy.

    He was the son of Emperor Henry III and the emperor of the Holy Germanic Roman Empire from 1084 to 1105.
  • 1105

    Enrique IV of Germany is overthrown.

    Henry IV was a Germanic king from 1056, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1084, until his abdication in 1105.
  • 1202

    Fourth crusade to reconquer the Holy Land

    Fourth crusade to reconquer the Holy Land, but its course changed, ending with the conquest and looting of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1312

    Enrique VII monarch

    Enrique VII, first monarch of the Holy Germanic Roman Empire crowned as Emperor
  • 1428

    France revives with Joan of Arc

    Joan of Arc, also known as Saint Joan of Arc or the Maiden of Orleans, was a young French peasant who led the French Army in the Hundred Years' War against England, making Charles VII of Valois be crowned king of France.
  • 1453

    Fall of the Byzantine Empire.

    The Ottoman Turks took Constantinople from the Christians
  • 1478

    Ivan III expels the Mongols from Russia

    Ivan III, also known as Ivan the Great, was a great prince of Moscow and the first to adopt the title of "Sovereign of all Russia"
  • 1493

    Foundation of the New Spanish in the new world.

    Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas.
  • 1497

    Trip to the new world of Americo Vespucio.

    Americo Vespucio was the cartographer who discovered that it was a new continent and it wasn't the India named it America
  • 1500

    The Italian Renaissance begins

    The Italian Renaissance begins after overcoming the crisis of the low middle ages
  • 1506

    Construction of St. Peter's Cathedral begins

    It's built in Rome
  • 1555

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    It is the main exponent of the early Baroque. His music already contains the essential stylistic elements of the new aesthetic era.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    “Toccata y fuga en Re menor"
  • Antonio Vivaldi

  • George Frederick Händel

  • Period:


    Started with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and ended with the Discovery of America or the fall of Constantinople
  • Period:


    Shakespeare, Josquin Des Pres and Tomás Luis de Victoria are some of the most important Renaissance musicians
  • Period: to

    Baroque Period

    -Homophonic texture
    -Compositions loaded with arrangements
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

    -Experimentation period
    -Monodic style
    -It seeks to contrast the main voice of the other instruments
  • Period: to

    Intermediate Baroque

    -Consolidation period
    -Tonal language development
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

    -Harmony merges with polyphony
    -Instrumental music highlights
    -Italian composers and musicians extend instrumental music