Mackenzie Powell's Human Rights Timeline 3

  • Period: to

    human rights violations

  • Armenian Massacre

    Armenian Massacre
    The Armenian Massacre took place in the present day Republic of Turkey. The Ottoman government wanted to rid their homeland of Armenian subjects. Ottoman authorities arrested about 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders. The total number of people killed is estimated between 1 and 1.5 million. The Armenian population was the target of this massacre.
  • Soviet Purges

    Soviet Purges
    The Soviet Purges was a series of repressive measures in the Soviet Union during the late 1930's. It was a removal of people considered enemies to the people. Thousands of victims were accused of various political crimes. They were either shot or or sent to labor camps. Many died at the labor camps due to starvation, diseases, and from being overworked. Most of the victims of the Soveit Purges were old Bolsheviks.
  • Rape of Nanjing

    Rape of Nanjing
    The Rape of Nanjing was a mass murder that took place during a period of six weeks. During that time thousands of soldiers and Chinese civilians were murdered. About 250,00 to 300,000 were killed. They also estimated that 20,000 women were raped, including infants and elderly. Soldiers would search door-to-door for women to take captive.
  • German Holocaust

    German Holocaust
    The German Holocaust took place in German-occupied territory. It involved Germany, under the dictator of Adolf Hitler, with his Nazi Army. The Germans carried it out by persecuting Jews during World War I. Concentration camps were created in which inmates were put to slave labor until they died. The Holocaust happened because the Germans hated Jews and Judiasm. During the Holocaust, 6 million Jews were killed.
  • South African Apartheid

    South African Apartheid
    The apartheid took place in South Africa. It was enforced by the National Party governments who were ruling. Non-white political representation was abolished, and the government segregated education, medical care, benches, and other public services. The apartheid started because Europeans wanted to colonize South Africa for its resources. This political law affected the entire population of South Africa, specifically focusing on blacks.
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    This massacre took place in the Son My Village in South Vietnam. The massacre involved the task force from the United States Army Americal Division targeting unarmed civilions from South Vietnam. The US soldiers went into the village and started shooting people. The massacre took place because was involved in the Vietnam War and believed people in the villages were NLF fighters. Between 347 and 400 people died in the massacre.
  • Uganda under Idi Amin

    Uganda under Idi Amin
    This occured in Uganda. It involved military police who were under the rule of Amin, who killed mostly anonymous people, as well as an expulsion of Asians in Uganda. The number of people killed ranges from 100,000-500,000. The government had innocent people killed. The reason for this was because Amin wanted some people, particularly Asians out of his country.
  • Chile under Augusto Pinochet

    Chile under Augusto Pinochet
    It took place in Chile. The violation was committed by the Chilean armed forces, the police, government agents and civilians in the service of security agencies. Political opponents were tortured, and killed by the goverment and armed forces under the rule of Pinochet. This occured when Pinochet was elected into office. At least 1,197 people were killed, and about 29,000 people were tortured during this time. This ended in 1990.
  • Pol Pot and Khemer Rouge

    Pol Pot and Khemer Rouge
    Pol Pot was a Cambodian revolutionary who led the Khemer Rouge. It formed as an offshoot of the Vietnam people's army in North Korea. The Khemer Rouge was the ruling power in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. The Khemer Rouge destroyed food sources,cut down fruit trees, abolished medicine and hospitals. They forced people to march long distances without water and refused offers for humanitarian aid. Thousands died due to starvation.
  • Missing People during "Dirty War" in Argentina

    Missing People during "Dirty War" in Argentina
    This took place in Argentina. The government was involved. They took people opposing the government, as well as innocent people, and made them "disappear" in the middle of the night. They were taken to secret government detention centers and tortured and eventually killed. They did it because they wanted to maintain their power by cracking down on people who they thought were challenging their power. 10,000-30,000 people were killed.
  • Iraq under Saddam Hussein

    Iraq under Saddam Hussein
    This took place in Iraq. It involved the Ba'athist government under Saddam Hussein. There was secret police, torture, rape, mass murder, deportations, forced disappearences, assassinations, and chemical warfare. It was all done by the government so they could maintain control. As many as a million people were killed. It was going on until 2003.
  • Somalia Civil War

    Somalia Civil War
    The Somali Civil War started when armed oppistion groups outsted the nations government. The government became increasingly totalitarian, which is a politcal where the state holds complete authority over society. This led to the outbreak of civil war. Over 500,000 have died so far.
  • Genocide of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Genocide of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    It took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the Army of Republika Srpska against Bosniak civilians. Many Bosniaks were put into concentration camps and tortured, starved, and murdered. It happened because Serbia wanted the "ethnically cleanse" Bosnian territory by systematically removing all Bosnian Muslims, Bosniaks. 25,609 people died. It ended in 1995.
  • Sierra Leone and the child soldiers

    Sierra Leone and the child soldiers
    This is happening in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Congo, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, and Burma. The children are being used to fight for the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), and the pro-government local mafia. The children are being forced to fight in war, and if they disobey, they will be killed. The reason they're used is becuase they require less food than adult fighters, therefore they are cheaper. There are an estimated 300,000 child soldiers around the world.
  • Rwanda Genocide

    Rwanda Genocide
    This genocide took places in Rwanda. It was between of rebel group of Tutsi Refugees against the Hutu-led government. The group of Tutsi Refugees invaded northern Rwanda in an attempt to defeat the Hutu-led government. It was caused by the death of the Rwandan President, who was a Hutu. An estimated 800,000 people were killed
  • Danfur Conflict

    Danfur Conflict
    It took place in Danfur, Sudan. Sudan Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement accused the Sudanese government of opressing non-Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabs. This was a guerillla conflict or civil war. Its cause goes back to the disputes over lands. 15,000-20,000 soldiers, and 2,000-5,000 rebels were killed.