Intro to History timeline Part 1

Timeline created by williamstith
  • 193

    193 BCE

    o Concrete is invented in Rome
  • 212

    212 BCE

    o Archimedes is killed
  • 221

    221 BCE

    o Qin Shihuangdi becomes the emperor of China
  • 250

    250 BCE

    o Development of mayan hieroglyphs
  • 310

    310 BCE

    310 BCE
    o First Roman aqueduct is completed
  • 323

    323

    o Alexander dies in Babylon
  • 325

    325 BCE

    o Greek cities began to be built on a grid pattern, influenced by Alexandria
  • 331

    331 BCE

    o Alexander defeats the Persians, gaining him control of Mesopotamia
  • 336

    336 BCE

    o Alexander the Great becomes ruler of Greece.
  • 400

    400 BCE

    400 BCE
    o Crossbow is invented in China
  • 425

    425 BCE

    425 BCE
    o Democritus theorizes that all matter is made of atoms
  • 430

    430 BCE

    o Earliest-known woven wool carpet is found in south Siberia
  • 479

    479 BCE

    o Iron-working techniques reach west Africa
  • 500

    500 BCE

    o Iron-working techniques reach west Africa
  • 512

    512 BCE

    o Persian armies invade Europe and occupy northeast Greece
  • 525

    525 BCE

    o Persians conquer Egypt
  • 550

    550 BCE

    o China begins mass-producing iron
  • 551

    551 BCE

    o Birth of Confucius
  • 563

    563 BCE

    563 BCE
    o Birth of Siddhartha Gautama
  • Jan 1, 600

    600 BCE

    o Start of the Iron Age in China and southeast Asia
  • Jan 1, 700

    700 BCE

    700 BCE
    o Coinage is invented in Greek colonies
  • Jan 1, 750

    750 BCE

    o Rise of city-states in mainland Greece
    o Illiad and Odyssey are written
  • Jan 1, 753

    753 BCE

    o Founding of Rome
  • Jan 1, 776

    776 BCE

    776 BCE
    o Founding of the Olympic Games
  • Jan 1, 900

    900 BCE

    o People of Europe invent the saddle and develop horse-archer cavalry.
    o Ancient writings of Hinduism are composed in India
    o First geometric-style pottery is produced in Athens
  • Jan 1, 1000

    1000 BCE

    1000 BCE
    o Start of the Iron Age in Europe
    o Egyptians develop demotic script.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    1100 BCE

    o Jews establish Israel
    o Iron is first used in southeast Europe and Italy
  • Jan 1, 1200

    1200 BCE

    o Hittite empire collapses
    o Citadel at Mycenae is sacked; end of the Mycenaean civilization.
    o Start of the Iron Age in the Middle East
  • Jan 1, 1225

    1225 BCE

    1225 BCE
    o Trojan War ends with the capture of Troy by the Greeks
  • Jan 1, 1300

    1300 BCE

    o Emergence of the first Assyrian Empire in present-day Syria.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    1350 BCE

    o Hittites conquer the Mitanni, the empire reaches its greatest extent.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    1500 BCE

    o Earliest known alphabet is devised in present-day Syria
  • 1595 BCE

    o Hittites sack Babylonia and establish temporary control in Mesopotamia
  • 1600 BCE

    o Chariots are introduced to China.
    o Hittites in Asia Minor develop the first iron-making techniques.
  • 1700 BCE

    o Horses are introduced to Egypt.
  • 1800 BCE

    1800 BCE
    o Horse drawn war chariot is invented in Europe.
  • 2000 BCE

    2000 BCE
    o Egyptian scribes develop their hieratic script.
  • 2100 BCE

    2100 BCE
    o Mathematicians in Mesopotamia divide a circle into 360 degrees.
  • 2300 BCE

    o Start of the Bronze Age in central Europe
  • 2350 BCE

    Earliest-known code of law is compiled in south Mesopotamia.
  • 2500 BCE

    Reflex bow is invented in Mesopotamia made out of wood and horn.
    Royal burials at Ur contain lavishly decorated musical instruments.
  • 2550 BCE

    2550 BCE
    Great Pyrmaid is built for the pharaoh Cheops
  • 2600 BCE

    Earliest-known glass is made in Mesopotamia for jewelry
  • 2650 BCE

    2650 BCE
    World's earliest-known pyramid is designed for the pharaoh Djoser.
  • 2700 BCE

    2700 BCE
    Examples of Egyptian literature are found, the Pyramid Texts
    Cuneifrom writing is developed in Mesopotamia
  • 2900 BCE

    First sizeable town is established on the site of Troy
  • 3200 BCE

    Bronze comes into widespread use for tools, start of the Bronze Age in the Middle East
  • 3400 BCE

    Evidence of wheeled vehicles are found in Europe
    Potter's wheel is invented in Mesopotamia
  • 3500 BCE

    3500 BCE
    First fortified towns built in Egypt
    First use of pictographs for writing occurs in Sumeria.
  • 3600 BCE

    Poterry is invented in Guyana, South America.
  • 3800 BCE

    3800 BCE
    Wheel is invented in Mesopotamia: first ox-drawn carts are used
  • 4000 BCE

    First culture emerges in Egypt, domesticates donkeys.
    First burial discovered with large amounts of gold with body.