Histories of Israel and Palestine (17.908)

  • Jan 1, 632

    Death of Muhammed

  • Jan 1, 638

    Arab conquest of Palestine, beginning of Arab and Muslim majority

  • Jan 1, 1096

    Beginning of the First Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1290

    Jews expelled from England

  • Jan 1, 1306

    Jews expelled from France

  • Jan 1, 1394

    Jews expelled from France

  • Jan 1, 1483

    Beginning of the Spanish Inquisition

  • Jan 1, 1492

    Spanish Jews given ultimatum of conversion or expulsion

  • Jan 1, 1516

    Region including Israel conquered by the Ottoman Empire

  • Period: to

    Ottoman Tanzimat attempts to protect the territory against foreign powers and nationalist movements

  • (1880s) Eastern European Jews begin to settle in Israel (First Aliyah)

  • Ottoman edict formally bans immigration of Russian Jews

  • Period: to

    Large-scale anti-Jewish "pogroms" in Russian Empire

  • Notable Jerusalem Arabs petition Constantinople to halt Jewish immigration and land sales

  • Publication of "Der Judenstaat" - "The Jewish State" (Theodor Herzl)

    English Name: "The Jewish State"
    Author: Theodor Herzl
  • Founding of the World Zionist Organization (Theodor Herzl)

  • Second Aliyah - greater numbers of European Jews settle in Palestine

  • Founding of first all-Hebrew city, Tel Aviv

  • Balfour Declaration grants British approval of establishing a Palestinian homeland

  • Period: to

    British Mandate over Palestine (granted by League of Nations)

  • Establishment of the State of Israel

  • Israel admitted to UN

  • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Founded

  • Oslo Accords - Israel and PLO agree to recognize each other