Forensic Science

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  • -264 BCE

    Yi Yu Ji

    Yi Yu Ji
    One of the earlier forensic science records explains the process of ruling a murder using two pigs (one alive, and one dead) with fire, finding a woman guilty of murdering and burning the husband's body to hide the evidence.
  • -221 BCE

    Fingerprints and I.D.

    Fingerprints and I.D.
    The Chinese become one of the first that was able to realize that using fingerprints helps identification.
  • Carl Wilhelm Scheele

    Carl Wilhelm Scheele
    Carl Wilhelm Scheele has the first successful test in identifying arsenic in corpses.
  • A Treatsie on Forensic Science and Public Health

    A Treatsie on Forensic Science and Public Health
    François-Emanuel Fodéré creates "A Treatsie on Forensic Science and Public Health."
  • More Arsenic Discoveries

    More Arsenic Discoveries
    German chemist Valentin Ross discovers a more precise method for discovering arsenic in stomach walls.
  • Mathieu Orfila

    Mathieu Orfila
    Dubbed "The Father of Forensic Toxicology", he proved himself through detection of poisons and the effects they have on animals.
  • The New Microscope

    The New Microscope
    William Nichol invents the polarizing microscope.
  • Finding Sperm

    Finding Sperm
    Henri-Louis Bayard creates the first procedures for finding sperm.
  • Microcrystalline Tests

    Microcrystalline Tests
    The first microcrystalline test for hemoglobin happens.
  • Forensics Helps to Beat the Case

    Forensics Helps to Beat the Case
    Scottish chemist James Marsh testifies arsenic in a victim's body, marking it the first time toxicological evidence is used in a case.
  • Blood Test

    Blood Test
    The first presumptive test for blood happens.
  • Birth of Anthropometry

    Birth of Anthropometry
    French scientist/police officer Alphonse Bertillon creates anthropometry (Anthropology with morphology) which uses various body measurements for personal I.D. He was the dubbed "The Father of Criminal Identification."
  • Assistance in the Fields

    Assistance in the Fields
    Hans Gross creates Handbuch Für Untersuchungsrichter als System Der Kriminalistik" or "Criminal Investigation" as it was translated to in America helping to detain expected assistance in various sciences such as microscopy, chemistry, and zoology to name a few.
  • Grouping Up Blood

    Grouping Up Blood
    Dr. Karl Landsteiner discovers that blood can be separated into different types, causing blood to be distinguished from the blood types A, B, AB and O.
  • The Father of Questioned Document Examination

    The Father of Questioned Document Examination
    Albert S. Osborn creates "Questioned Documents" which is still used as a primary reference for document examiners.
  • The Sherlock Holmes of France

    The Sherlock Holmes of France
    Through sheer enthusiasm, Edmond Locard managed to overcome his shortcomings of limited supplies in a police laboratory he persuaded the Lyons police department to start and would make a turning point creating Locard's exchange principle (two objects come in contact with each other, both cross-swap materials) which is used to this day.
  • Blood Detection

    Blood Detection
    Dr. Leone Lottes identifies a way to detect the blood types from dried bloodstains, the process being instantly put into criminal investigations by him.
  • Fingerprints Lend a Hand

    Fingerprints Lend a Hand
    Francis Henry Galton creates the book "Finger Prints" which helped to form the basic principles used in the current form of identification.
  • Period: to

    A Boost in Popularity

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, or know as the creator of Sherlock Holmes helps to ignite a public interest in scientific crime-detection methods through the stories of Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Dr. James Watson.
  • Period: to

    Photography and Forensic Science

    Photography is used to help with forensics, prisoner images, and crime scenes.