Russian revolution

Events of the Russian Revolution

  • Czar Nicholas II Rule

    Czar Nicholas II Rule
    Nicholas II used the Russian tradition of autocracy but it blinded him to the changing conditions of his times.
  • Russian Industrialization

    Russian Industrialization
    The government raised taxes and sought foreign investors in order to have rapid industrialization.
  • Development of Revolutionary Groups

    Development of Revolutionary Groups
    Growth of factories created bad work conditions, bad wages, and child labor. People organized strikes. The workers were call preletariats and they tried to start revolitions. They followed the views of Karl Marx who wanted the workers to overthrow the czars. The Bolsheviks were more extremist revolutionaries and their leader was Lenin.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    200,000 workers and thier families went to St. Petersburg to ask the czar for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. Nicholas II's generals ordered soldiers to fire at the people and many died and many were wounded.
  • World War I

    World War I
    Nicholas II dragged Russia into the war but they were unprepared to handle military and economic costs which casued weak generals and poorly equiped troops who were no match for the German army. More than 4 million Russian soldiers were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. The Russian homefront was not in good condition either.
  • The March Revolution

    The March Revolution
    Women textile workers in Petrograd led a citywide strike but five days later, riots started because of the shortages of bread and fuel. Soldiers first started shooting rioters but soon sided with the strikers.
  • The Czar Steps Down

    The Czar Steps Down
    The March Revolution forced Czar Nicholas II to leave his throne and a year later, revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family. The March Revolution was a success but it failed to set up a strong government to replace his regime.
  • The Bolshevik Revolution

    The Bolshevik Revolution
    When the provisional government was overthrown, the Bolsheviks took over and they signed a treaty with Germany to leave World War I. This revolution also started the civil war in Russia.
  • Lenin in Power

    Lenin in Power
    Lenin restored order in Russia by putting aside his plan for a state-controlled economy and resorted to a small-scale version of capitalism called the New Economic Policy.
  • Stalin became a dictator

    Stalin became a dictator
    When Lenin had a stroke, he set up a competition for who would lead the Communist Party. It was between Trotsky and Stalin and Stalin won and forced Trotsky into exile. Stalin then stood poised to wield absolute power as a dictator.