Chapter 9 timline

  • Stephen Austin establishes a colony in Texas

  • Stephen Austin meets with Mexican President Santa Anna

  • Mexico places restrictions on American immigration

  • Battle of the Alamo

    -A mission and fort in San Antonio, Texas, where Mexican forces massacred rebellious Texans.

    -In response, Santa Anna swept northward and stormed and destroyed the small American garrison in the Alamo.
  • Battle of San Jacinto

  • Treaty of Velasco grants Texas Independence

  • U.S. annexes Texas

  • Slidell's Rejection

    -“Polk the Purposeful” sent John Slidell to Mexico to purchase California and New Mexico and to gain approval of the Rio Grande as the Texas border.

    -Polk then issued orders for General Zachary Taylor to march to the Rio Grande and blockade the river. Mexicans viewed this action as a violation of their rights.
  • General Taylor marches troops across Rio Grande

    -Taylor positioned his troops at the Rio Grande, Mexico.
    -They responded by sending their forces to the Rio Grande to gain its territory back.
  • Gold discovered at Sutter's Mill, California

    -James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill

    -Soon after the news reached San Francisco, residents traveled to the Sacramento Valley in droves to pan for gold.
  • U.S. declares war on Mexico

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends war with Mexico

    -Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande border for Texas and ceded New Mexico and California to the US.

    -The US agreed to pay $15 million for the Mexican cession, which included present-day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
  • Zachary Taylor elected president

    -It was between Zachary Taylor, Lewis Cass, and Martin Van Buren.
    -Taylor’s victory was soon overshadowed by a glittering discovery in one of America’s new territories.
  • California applies for statehood

    -This created a renewal of sectional tension because California's admission into the Union threatened to upset the balance of power in Congress.
    -California was admitted as a free state.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    -President Franklin Pierce would authorize his emissary James Gadsden to pay Mexico an additional $10 million for another piece of territory south of the Gila River.

    -Established the current borders of the lower 48 states.