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CIERI 2 COLTON

  • Period: Apr 13, 1500 to

    Texas History

  • Apr 13, 1519

    Alonzo Alvarez

    Alonzo Alvarez
    Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps Texas coastline. Alaminos persuaded the governor of Jamaica, Francisco de Garay, to finance an expedition to search the remainder of the Gulf. Garay outfitted four ships and placed them under the command of Alvarez de Pineda. He left Jamaica in early 1519 and sailed west to follow the northern coastline of the Gulf.At the western tip of Southern Florida, he attempted to sail east, but the winds were uncooperative. Instead, Alvarez de Pineda.
  • Mar 13, 1528

    Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
    Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked near Galveston begin exploration. In early 1527 Cabeza de Vaca departed from Spain as a part of a royal expedition intended to occupy the mainland of North America. As treasurer, he was one of the chief officers of the Narváez expedition. Within several months of their landing near Tampa Bay, Florida on April 15, 1528, he and three other men were the only survivors of the expedition party of 300 men.
  • Jan 12, 1541

    Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

    Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
    Francisco Vázquez de Coronado crosses the Texas Panhandle in search of in search of the seven cities of Cibola.The seven cities of cibola were never found. searched for a long time.
  • Jul 13, 1554

    Coronado

     Coronado
    Coronado dies. He is one of the first white men to explore Texas. and leader of one of 20 Spanish explorations of the area.
  • Thanksgiving

     Thanksgiving
    Thanksgiving is held near present-day El Paso by Juan de Oñate, the members of his expedition and natives of the region. They had corn and turkey. Fall is the official time.
  • Jumano Indians requested Spanish missionaries from New Mexico to travel to the vicinity of present-day San Angelo and instruct the Jumanos about Christianity.

    Jumano Indians requested Spanish missionaries from New Mexico to travel to the vicinity of present-day San Angelo and instruct the Jumanos about Christianity.
  • First Spanish mission

    First Spanish mission
    First Spanish mission, Corpus Christi de la Isleta, is established a few miles from present-day El Paso. Missions were very big. they were like churches.
  • Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle,

     Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle,
    French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, looking for the mouth of the Mississippi River, lands in Texas by mistake. He establishes a colony, Fort St. Louis, on Garcitas Creek in present-day Victoria County
  • La Salle

    La Salle
    La Salle is killed by several of his own men at an unknown East Texas location. His men didnt like him very much.
  • Colonists

    Colonists
    Colonists at Fort St. Louis. Not felled by Indians, disease, poisonous snakes and malnutrition are finished off by Karankawa Indians.
  • Spanish Gen. Alonso de León's

    Spanish Gen. Alonso de León's
  • Mission

    Mission
  • mission

    mission
    Throughout the 18th Century, Spain established Catholic missions in Texas, and the towns of San Antonio, Goliad and Nacogdoches.
  • Presidio

    Presidio
    Spanish build a presidio, Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de los Tejas, to protect the East Texas missions.
  • Alamo

    Alamo
    San Antonio de Valero mission, known as the Alamo was the chapel, is founded in San Antonio. The alamo was also a battle field.
  • Mission

    Mission
    San José y San Miguel de Aguayo mission founded near San Antonio de Valero. Missions were big churches.
  • missions

    missions
    • 3 East Texas missions moved to San Antonio because of economic troubles, and named Nuestra Señora de la Purisima Concepción de Acuna, San Francisco de la Espada and San Juan Capistrano.
    • March 7 - 55e Canary Islanders arrive in San Antonio to establish a civilian settlement, San Fernando de Béxar.
    • Aug. 1 - First election held in Texas, voters choose officials of the municipal government of San Fernando.
  • Missions

    Missions
    Missions at San Antonio are producing thousands of pounds of cotton annually. The missions were used to spread religion.
  • Santa Cruz

    Santa Cruz
    Santa Cruz de San Sabá mission near present-day Menard destroyed and eight residents killed by Comanches and their allies.
  • Troops

    Troops
    Spanish troops on a retaliatory raid are defeated by Indian residents of a large encampment at Spanish Fort in present-day Montague County.
  • Community

    Community
    Group of settlers led by Antonio Gil Ybarbo (sometimes spelled Ibarvo or Y'barvo) establishes a civilian community near an abandoned mission site; the new town is called Nacogdoches
  • Independence

    Independence
    Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo and several hundred of his parishioners seize the prison at Dolores, Mexico, beginning Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain
  • Expedition

    Expedition
    About 130-men strong, the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition crossed the Sabine from Louisiana in a rebel movement against Spanish rule in Texas.
  • Colonizing

    Colonizing
    • Texas' first newspaper, Gaceta de Texas, founded by José Alvarez de Toledo in Nacogdoches.
    • Dec. 26 - Spanish government grants Moses Austin permission to establish a colony of Anglo-Americans in the Texas area. When he dies the following June, his son, Stephen F. Austin, receives authority to continue the colonizing effort.
  • Stephen F. Austin

    Stephen F. Austin
    Moses Austin dies, his son, Stephen F. Austin, receives authority to continue the colonizing effort. So goes on to win the colonizing battle.