1800s texas

Mr.M Kalli Lawson

  • Battle of Gonzales

    Battle of Gonzales
    Texans repulsed a detachment of Mexican cavalry at the Battle of Gonzales. The revolution began.
  • Goliad Campaign

    Goliad Campaign
    The Goliad Campaign of 1835 ended when George Collingsworth, Ben Milam, and forty-nine other Texans stormed the presidio at Goliad and a small detachment of Mexican defenders.
  • Battle of Concepcion

    Battle of Concepcion
    Jim Bowie, James Fannin and 90 Texans defeated 450 Mexicans at the Battle of Concepcion, near San Antonio.
  • Organic Law

    Organic Law
    The Consultation met to consider options for more autonomous rule for Texas. A document known as the Organic Law outlined the organization and functions of a new Provisional Government.
  • Grass Fight

    Grass Fight
    The Grass Fight near San Antonio was won by the Texans under Jim Bowie and Ed Burleson. Instead of silver, however, the Texans gained a worthless bounty of grass.
  • Siege of Bexar

    Siege of Bexar
    Mexicans under Gen. Cos surrendered San Antonio to the Texans following the Siege of Bexar. Ben Milam was killed during the extended siege.
  • Texas Declaration of Independence

    Texas Declaration of Independence
    The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed by members of the Convention of 1836. An ad interim government was formed for the newly created Republic of Texas.
  • Battle of The Alamo

    Battle of The Alamo
    Texans under Col. William B. Travis were overwhelmed by the Mexican army after a two-week siege at the Battle of the Alamo in San Antonio. The Runaway Scrape began.
  • Sam Houston

    Sam Houston
    Sam Houston abandoned Gonzales in a general retreat eastward to avoid the invading Mexican army.
  • Goliad Massacre

    Goliad Massacre
    James Fannin and nearly 400 Texans were executed by the Mexicans at the Goliad Massacre, under order of Santa Anna
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    Texans under Sam Houston routed the Mexican forces of Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto. Thus, independence was won in one of the most decisive battles in history.
  • Austin, Texas (state capital)

    Austin, Texas (state capital)
    The Texas Congress first met in Austin, the frontier site selected for the capital of the Republic.
  • Battle of Plum Creek

    Battle of Plum Creek
    The Battle of Plum Creek, near present-day Lockhart, ended the boldest and most penetrating Comanche challenge to the Texas Republic.
  • Santa Fe Expedition

    Santa Fe Expedition
    The Texan Santa Fe Expedition set out for New Mexico. Near Sante Fe, they were intercepted by Mexican forces and marched 2000 miles to prison in Mexico City.
  • Invasion on Texas

    Invasion on Texas
    A Mexican force of over 500 men under Rafael Vasquez invaded Texas for the first time since the revolution. They briefly occupied San Antonio, but soon headed back to the Rio Grande.
  • Adrian Woll

    Adrian Woll
    San Antonio was again captured, this time by 1400 Mexican troops under Adrian Woll. Again the Mexicans retreated, but this time with prisoners.
  • Somervell Expedition

    Somervell Expedition
    Sam Houston authorized Alexander Somervell to lead a retaliatory raid into Mexico. The resulting dissolved, however, after briefly taking the border towns of Laredo and Guerreo.
  • Mier Expedition

    Mier Expedition
    Some 300 members of the Somervell force set out to continue raids into Mexico. Ten days and 20 miles later, the ill-fated Mier Expedition surrendered at the Mexican town of Mier
  • Archives War

    Archives War
    Under orders of Sam Houston, officials arrived in Austin to remove the records of the Republic of Texas to the city of Houston, touching off the bloodless Archives War.
  • Black Bean

    Black Bean
    Seventeen Texans were executed in what became known as the Black Bean Episode, which resulted from the Mier Expedition, one of several raids by the Texans into Mexico.
  • Snively Expedition

    Snively Expedition
    The Texan's Snively Expedition reached the Santa Fe Trail, expecting to capture Mexican wagons crossing territory claimed by Texas. The campaign stalled, however, when American troops intervened
  • Annex of Texas

    Annex of Texas
    U. S. President James Polk followed through on a campaign platform promising to annex Texas, and signed legislation making Texas the 28th state of the United States.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    The Mexican-American War ignited as a result of disputes over claims to Texas boundaries. The outcome of the war fixed Texas' southern boundary at the Rio Grande River.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    In a plan to settle boundary disputes and pay her public debt, Texas relinquished about one-third of her territory in the Compromise of 1850, in exchange for $10,000,000 from the United States.
  • Lone Star State Fair

    Lone Star State Fair
    The first Lone Star State Fair in Corpus Christi symbolized a period of relative prosperity in Texas during the 1850's. Organizer Henry L. Kinney persuaded Dr. Ashbel Smith to be the fair's manager
  • Secession convention

    Secession convention
    Texas seceded from the Federal Union following a 171 to 6 vote by the Secession Convention. Governor Sam Houston was one of a small minority opposed to secession.
  • Battle of Galveston

    Battle of Galveston
    After several weeks of Federal occupation of Texas' most important seaport, the Battle of Galveston restored the island to Texas control for remainder of Civil War.
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

    Battle of Palmito Ranch
    The last land engagement of the Civil War was fought at the Battle of Palmito Ranch in far south Texas, more than a month after Gen. Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA.
  • Longhorn Cattle

    Longhorn Cattle
    The abundance of longhorn cattle in south Texas and the return of Confederate soldiers to a poor reconstruction economy marked the beginning of the era of Texas trail drives to northern markets.
  • Longhorn Cattle

    Longhorn Cattle
    The abundance of longhorn cattle in south Texas and the return of Confederate soldiers to a poor reconstruction economy marked the beginning of the era of Texas trail drives to northern markets.
  • Texas readmitted to the Union

    Texas readmitted to the Union
    The United States Congress readmitted Texas into the Union. Reconstruction continued, however, for another four years.
  • Democratic Party Began

    Democratic Party Began
    Coke-Davis Dispute ended peacefully in Austin as E. J. Davis relinquished the governor's office. Richard Coke began a democratic party dynasty in Texas that continued unbroken for over 100 years.
  • Opening of the Agricultural and Mechanical College

    Opening of the Agricultural and Mechanical College
    The opening of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas marked the state's first venture into public higher education. Tuition totaled $10 per semester.
  • University of Texas opening

    University of Texas opening
    The University of Texas opened its doors in Austin for its inaugural session. First courses were offered in the Academic Department and a Law Department. The greatest university in Texas was opened on this day!
  • Austin planning ended

    Austin planning ended
    The dedication of the present state capitol in Austin ended seven years of planning and construction. The building was funded with 3,000,000 acres of land in north Texas.
  • First native-born govenor of Texas

    First native-born govenor of Texas
    Based on a campaign platform calling for the regulation of railroads and big business, James Hogg took office as the first native-born governor of Texas.