Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked on island near Galveston and was the first to encounter the Karankawa.
Jan 1, 1528
1528- Apache migrated
The Apache migrated to Texas from Canada around this time.
Jan 1, 1528
1528- de Vaca lived among the Apache
Cabeza de Vaca was shipwrecked among them and lived with them for several years
Period: Jan 1, 1528 to Dec 31, 1528
1528- World Events
Jan 12th - Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden.
Jan 22nd - England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V
Feb 12th - Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power
Feb 24th - Hungarian anti-king Janos Zapolyai & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
Mar 5th - Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
May 1st - Pánfilo the Narváez begins exploration to with 350 men to Florida
Jun 30th - Burgundy army occupies Utrecht
Jan 1, 1530
1530's- Slave raids
Nuño de Guzman, the Spanish Governor of Nuevo Galacia, conducted slave raiding expeditions against the Indians of northwestern Mexico.
Jan 1, 1541
1541-Caddos in the Ozarks
The Caddos were farmers that lived in the piney woods to the foothills of the Ozark mountains near the caddo river they first encountered Europeans in 1541
Jan 1, 1581
1581- First encounter with Jumano
Spanish 1st recorded encountered Jumano in 1581
Period: Jan 1, 1581 to
1581-1590- Spanish Exploration caused many deaths
Many Spanish Explorers explored areas of New Mexico inhabited by Tigua erupting in violence and death.
Early 1600s- Kickapoo living in northern Michigan area
the Kickapoo were living in their original homeland way up north in the Michigan area.
Galileo sees the moons of Jupiter through his telescope
Pilgrims, after three-month voyage in Mayflower, land at Plymouth Rock. Francis Bacon's Novum Organum.
1640- Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal completed
1680- Pueblo revolted against the Spanish
The Pueblo in New Mexico revolted against the Spanish settlers, causing a move to Texas.
1682- Tigua founded Ysleta Mission
The Ysleta Mission, founded by the Tigua Indians in 1682, is the oldest parish in the State of Texas.
René Robert Cavelier - est. Ft. Saint Louis in hear of the Karankawa’s territory
-the Karankawa killed all but 6 children
1690s- Karankawa children rescued by Spanish
1700- Comanche in NM and TX
-arrived in NM and the Texas panhandle area
Comanche near Austin
-secured land extending to the modern Kerville area (near Austin)
1700s- Apache found by Spanish Explorers
Spanish found the Apache in the Texas Hill Country.
1723- Defeated by Apache
-defeated the Apache, forcing them further south and securing more of the plains of Texas
1726-1749- Failed attempt to convert Karankawa
failed attempt by Spanish missionaries to convert the Karankawa to Christianity
1740- Apache pushed out by Comanche
Apache were locaated in the Texas Hill Country until they were pushed out by the Comanche.
1770- Boston Massacre
Boston Massacre occured.
1775- Kickapoo granted land by the King of Spain
Kickapoo were granted land by the King of Spain; this land in the northern part of Spanish Territory of Mexico later became Texas
1786- Trading with the Europeans
-began trading with Europeans out of NM
Napoleon conquers Italy, firmly establishes himself as First Consul in France.
1807- Coushatta move west
Alabama Coushatta as separate tribes they lived near present day Alabama; Spanish explores started to come onto their land and they began to move west in 1807; the Coushatta settled on the Trinity River and soon after the Alabama tribe settled on the Neches River
1812- After the war of 1812
Kickapoo bands settled in Missouri.
1825- first passenger railroads in England
1833- Kickapoo moved to Kansas and Texas
Most of the Kickapoo moved to Kansas and Texas
1840- Move to Mexico
remaining Karankawa moved to Mexico
1850- Karankawa back to TX
pushed back into Texas
1851- Moby Dick
Herman Melville wrote Moby Dick
1858- Killed by Texans
-members of last remaining Karankawa band killed by Texans
-survived 300 years of European contact, to be killed off by American colonists
1860- Comanche emerge
-Comanche emerge as distinct group, broke off from the Shoshone tribe in WY
-Received horses from the Pueblo Indians. -US govt began forcing the Comanche onto reservation
-Began their migration south
Geronimo – famous leader of the Mescalero Apache – lead a famous raid in southern New Mexico and far west Texas
1877- Guadelupe Salt Flat were taken from Tigua
The Guadalupe Salt Flats were taken from the Tigua, causing them to have to rely on other means of survival.
1880- Tigua become workers
Because of the loss of independence, the Tigua had to become workers relying on others for survival.
1901- Two Kickapoo chiefs
There were two chiefs, one woman and one man.
1967- The Tigua tribe was federally recognized
The Tigua tribe was federally recognized and trusteeship of the tribe was given to the state of Texas.
1983- Federally recognized
Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas is federally recognized
1987- Trusteeship given to Federal Government
The Trusteeship was given to the Federal Government by the state of Texas.
Present Day- Kickapoo struggle to keep heritage
Integrated in the workforce and schools, but try to keep traditions alive.