Texas Native Americans

  • Jan 1, 1528

    1528- first contact with Karankawa

    1528- first contact with Karankawa
    Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked on island near Galveston and was the first to encounter the Karankawa.
  • Jan 1, 1528

    1528- Apache migrated

    1528- Apache migrated
    The Apache migrated to Texas from Canada around this time.
  • Jan 1, 1528

    1528- de Vaca lived among the Apache

    Cabeza de Vaca was shipwrecked among them and lived with them for several years
  • Period: Jan 1, 1528 to Dec 31, 1528

    1528- World Events

    Jan 12th - Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden.
    Jan 22nd - England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V
    Feb 12th - Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power
    Feb 24th - Hungarian anti-king Janos Zapolyai & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
    Mar 5th - Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
    May 1st - Pánfilo the Narváez begins exploration to with 350 men to Florida
    Jun 30th - Burgundy army occupies Utrecht
  • Jan 1, 1530

    1530's- Slave raids

    Nuño de Guzman, the Spanish Governor of Nuevo Galacia, conducted slave raiding expeditions against the Indians of northwestern Mexico.
  • Jan 1, 1541

    1541-Caddos in the Ozarks

    1541-Caddos in the Ozarks
    The Caddos were farmers that lived in the piney woods to the foothills of the Ozark mountains near the caddo river they first encountered Europeans in 1541
  • Jan 1, 1581

    1581- First encounter with Jumano

    Spanish 1st recorded encountered Jumano in 1581
  • Period: Jan 1, 1581 to

    1581-1590- Spanish Exploration caused many deaths

    Many Spanish Explorers explored areas of New Mexico inhabited by Tigua erupting in violence and death.
  • Period: to

    Early 1600s- Kickapoo living in northern Michigan area

    the Kickapoo were living in their original homeland way up north in the Michigan area.
  • 1610-Galileo

    Galileo sees the moons of Jupiter through his telescope
  • 1620- Pilgrims

    Pilgrims, after three-month voyage in Mayflower, land at Plymouth Rock. Francis Bacon's Novum Organum.
  • 1640- Taj Mahal

    1640- Taj Mahal
    Taj Mahal completed
  • 1680- Pueblo revolted against the Spanish

    The Pueblo in New Mexico revolted against the Spanish settlers, causing a move to Texas.
  • 1682- Tigua founded Ysleta Mission

    1682- Tigua founded Ysleta Mission
    The Ysleta Mission, founded by the Tigua Indians in 1682, is the oldest parish in the State of Texas.
  • 1685-French Expedition

    René Robert Cavelier - est. Ft. Saint Louis in hear of the Karankawa’s territory
    -the Karankawa killed all but 6 children
  • 1690s- Karankawa children rescued by Spanish

  • 1700- Comanche in NM and TX

    1700- Comanche in NM and TX
    -arrived in NM and the Texas panhandle area
  • Period: to

    Comanche near Austin

    -secured land extending to the modern Kerville area (near Austin)
  • Period: to

    1700s- Apache found by Spanish Explorers

    Spanish found the Apache in the Texas Hill Country.
  • 1723- Defeated by Apache

    -defeated the Apache, forcing them further south and securing more of the plains of Texas
  • Period: to

    1726-1749- Failed attempt to convert Karankawa

    failed attempt by Spanish missionaries to convert the Karankawa to Christianity
  • 1740- Apache pushed out by Comanche

    Apache were locaated in the Texas Hill Country until they were pushed out by the Comanche.
  • 1770- Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre occured.
  • 1775- Kickapoo granted land by the King of Spain

    1775- Kickapoo granted land by the King of Spain
    Kickapoo were granted land by the King of Spain; this land in the northern part of Spanish Territory of Mexico later became Texas
  • 1786- Trading with the Europeans

    -began trading with Europeans out of NM
  • 1800- Napolean

    Napoleon conquers Italy, firmly establishes himself as First Consul in France.
  • 1807- Coushatta move west

    Alabama Coushatta as separate tribes they lived near present day Alabama; Spanish explores started to come onto their land and they began to move west in 1807; the Coushatta settled on the Trinity River and soon after the Alabama tribe settled on the Neches River
  • 1812- After the war of 1812

    Kickapoo bands settled in Missouri.
  • 1825- first passenger railroads in England

  • 1833- Kickapoo moved to Kansas and Texas

    Most of the Kickapoo moved to Kansas and Texas
  • 1840- Move to Mexico

    remaining Karankawa moved to Mexico
  • 1850- Karankawa back to TX

    pushed back into Texas
  • 1851- Moby Dick

    Herman Melville wrote Moby Dick
  • 1858- Killed by Texans

    -members of last remaining Karankawa band killed by Texans
    -survived 300 years of European contact, to be killed off by American colonists
  • 1860- Comanche emerge

    -Comanche emerge as distinct group, broke off from the Shoshone tribe in WY
    -Received horses from the Pueblo Indians. -US govt began forcing the Comanche onto reservation
    -Began their migration south
  • Period: to

    1870s- Geronimo!

    Geronimo – famous leader of the Mescalero Apache – lead a famous raid in southern New Mexico and far west Texas
  • 1877- Guadelupe Salt Flat were taken from Tigua

    The Guadalupe Salt Flats were taken from the Tigua, causing them to have to rely on other means of survival.
  • 1880- Tigua become workers

    Because of the loss of independence, the Tigua had to become workers relying on others for survival.
  • 1901- Two Kickapoo chiefs

    There were two chiefs, one woman and one man.
  • 1967- The Tigua tribe was federally recognized

    The Tigua tribe was federally recognized and trusteeship of the tribe was given to the state of Texas.
  • 1983- Federally recognized

    Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas is federally recognized
  • 1987- Trusteeship given to Federal Government

    The Trusteeship was given to the Federal Government by the state of Texas.
  • Period: to

    Present Day- Kickapoo struggle to keep heritage

    Integrated in the workforce and schools, but try to keep traditions alive.
  • Present Day- Apache

    Apache currently live in the Corpus Christi area.