Jan 1, 1400
Age of Explorations BeginWhat reasons did Europeans explore? Gold, God, Glory.
What was Columbus looking for when he found America? A way to India.
Which countries were most explorers from? France, Spain, European countries.
What is a conquistador? A "conquer".
Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain? Cortez tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain.
Jan 1, 1517
Pineda maps Texas CoastPineda mapped over 800 miles of land, he and his crew sadly did not find a gate way through the land. He and most of his crew died on night fighting Indians, the survivors went back to the king and gave the map to him for further examination.
Jan 1, 1540
Coronado sets of for CibolaWhat is Cibola? Cities of gold
Why did Coronado think Cibola was in Texas? Because that's all that Spaniards had explored.
Did they find Cibola? No, sadly it's one big myth.
What is one important landmark that the expedition did discover? The Grand Canyon.
Cabeza De Vaca ShipwrecksWhich Native tribe captures Cabeza de Vaca? Karakawa Indians
What killed many Natives and explorers during the Age of Contact? Diseases
When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico, what did people think about his stories? Excited, mysterious, etc;
La Salle Lands in TexasWhich country began challenging Spain for Texas? France
Which river delta did La Salle discover? Mississippi River Delta
Fort St. Louses FoundedWhere is Ft. St. Louis? Matagora Bay, Texas.
Who founded Ft. St. Louis? La Salle
Name 2 reasons why Ft. St. Louis failed. 1. Explorers were already sick and made other explorers sick. 2. Indians and La Salle's Expedition got Into war.
How was La Salle killed? La Salle's me staged a Munity.
Mission San Fransico foundedWhat was purpose of a mission? The purpose was to convert natives to christianity and make them forget about past life.
Who led missions? A Franciscan priest was a each mission and was in most control of the buildings.
What country was responsible for building missions? Mexico.
What religion was missions ment for preaching? Cathloic Doctorin.
were most missions succesful? No.
Why? Contention, diseases, and not many natives trusred spanish.
What buildings protected missions? presidios
Marques de Rubi Inspects TexasWhat was de Rubi's mission?
Who sent de Rubi on his mission? King Carlos
Name 2 recommendations that de Rubi made: Better defences around borders of area, and on 2 cities are maintained. He also wanted to abandon all missions and empressarios.
Lousiana PurchaseThe Us - Mexican relation didn't get better.
British and Spain were the only holders of any land in North America unless you count Indian territory.
Phillip Nolan ExpiditionA person who dosent want Texas in the hands of Spain. Jean Laffite and Ellis Bean. Jean Lafitte was a piirate.
Moses Austin Asks for Permission for ColonyTo get people living in Texas. He dies.
Stephen F. AustinAn empressario is a leader of a town or city.
He wanted his colony near Bronzos and Colorado Rivers.
He had to go through all f the people to make sure they wen't bad or mysterious. He also had to make sure he had atleast 500 people.
The hold 300 were nice, friendly, and hard working people.
They had trouble getting to the place, it was a brand new colony with almost no other cities there.
Travis and Crocket were both empressarios.
Mexico Gains IndependenceThey gained independece from Spain.
This was called the Constitution of 1824.
Frendonian RebellionThe goal was to gain independence from Mexico by creating a small little town near indians.
The Edwards brothers werre upsent that a guy claimed that they have stolen his land.
The chereokke tribe executed them.
Mier Y Teran ReportHe was supposed to visit cities to inpsect them all. The government wanted to make sure that all of the Texans were doing everything alright. He suggests that we add better military, more trade with Mexico, and more Mexican settlers.
Law of April 6, 1830 HappensImmigration is illegal unless granted by Mexican government. All contracts must be filled, if not everyone under the contract will be escorted out of Texas. Mexican immigration is highly wanted, all Mexicans will have more rights than the US immigrants. All of the people who live in Texas can keep their slaves they just can't buy more. The government is allowed to put a fort in or close to a city. The government put taxes on all shipments, and also encouraged Mexican imports.
Convention of 1833The convention was justImportant people discussing the affairs in Texas and some other minor things. SFA was chosen by the convention to go and present the petition to the government.
Austin ArrestedSFA's petition had started an uproar in Mexico especialy in the capitol, the government saw him as a traitor and arrested him soon after he left. While SFA was in prison he quickly changed his mind about the Mexican government, he was very unpleased with them.
Battle of GonzalezWhen a small cannon that was given to the colonists by Mexico and would not give it back, Mexico went to retrieve It. Volunteers fought in the battle, when they captured the commander he said that he didn't want to fight it was not one of his orders. The next day the Texans fought again and the Mexican army surrendered.
San Antonio De Bexar SiegeA siege is where a group of people surround a city and don't let anything in or out.
Mexico controlled San Antonio before siege Texas controlled it after.
Convention of 1836Declaration of Independence and Constitution of the Republic of Texas.
The Alamo FallsDavid Cricket, James Bowie, and William Travis.
There was around 200 Texan solders and thousands of Mexican soldiers.
Sam Houston didn't send reinforcements because he knew that all of Santa Anna's army would be there.
The bad side (Mexican Army).
Goliad MassacreBattle of Coleto.
Sam Houston ordered Fannin.
Over 300 Texans died that day.
The Runaway ScrapeEveryone was moving East.
To get all family's and children out of Texas (excluding men).
Santa Anna threatened everyone.
At first people thought he was a coward, then he turned out to be a great hero.
Battle of San JacintoRemember the Alamo, and remember Gonzalez.
1 to 680 died.
He pretend to be a regular soldier.
The Texans won!