Texas anas

Texas

By annagd
  • 10,000 BCE

    Texas Proto-Indians

    Texas Proto-Indians
    10,000 B.C Proto-Indians live at the Gault site
  • 1528 BCE

    Texas Europeans

    Europeans arrived in Texas adn encounter the Karankawas.
  • 1500 BCE

    Texas Coastal American Indians

    Texas Coastal American Indians make knives and scrapers from stone
  • 1000 BCE

    Texas Caddos

    The Caddos grow many kinds of crops in East Texas
  • 100 BCE

    Texas American Indians living near Galveston Bay

    American Indians living near Galveston Bay begin making pottery
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Texas Alonso Alvarez

    Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the Texas coast.
  • Jan 1, 1541

    Texas Explorer Francisco

    Exploer Franciso Vasquez de Coronado crosses teh TExas Panhandle.
  • Jan 1, 1554

    Texas A Spanish Treasure Fleet

    A spanish treasure fleet shipwrecks off of present-dayPadre Island.
  • Jan 1, 1581

    Texas Spaniard Hernan Gallegos

    Spaniard Hernan Gallegos writes about the lives of the Jumano Indians in Texas.
  • Texas Juan de Onate

    Juan de Onate crosses the Texas Panhandle on his way to Quivira.
  • Texas Spaniards first record seeing Apache Indians riding horses

    Spaniards first record seeing Apache Indians riding horses
  • Texas A group of colonists

    A group of colonists led by French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle lands in Matagorda Bay in Texas
  • Texas The Spanish

    The Spanish build a mission named San Francisco de los Tejas
  • Texas Martin de Alarcon

    Martin de Alarcon establishes the San Antonio De Valero mission
  • Texas Settlers

    Settlers from the Canary Islands arrive in San Antonio
  • Texas Tomas Sanchez

    Ranchers Tomas Sanchez establishes the town of Laredo
  • Texas Marques de Rubi

    The Marques de Rubi expedition begins.
  • Texas Antonio Gil Ybarbo

    Antonio Gil Ybarbo founds the town of Nacogdoches in East Texas
  • Texas Spanish Priest

    Spanish priest Juan Agustin Morfi, author of the history of Texas, 1673 – 1779, dies
  • Texas Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan, a US citizen, receives permission to capture wild horses in Texas
  • Texas U.S. citizen

    US citizen James Long and a small force invade Texas, only to be defeated by Spanish forces
  • Texas Mexico

    Mexico, which includes Texas, wins its independence from Spain
  • Texas The Spanish government

    The Spanish government grants Moses Austin permission to found a colony in Texas
  • Texas Jared Groce

    Settler Jared Groce plants a cotton crop, possibly the first in Stephen F Austin's colony
  • Texas 3000 Anglo settlers

    About 3000 Anglo settlers live in Texas without the permission of the Mexican government
  • Texas Empresario Martin de Leon

    Empresario Martin de Leon settled families on the lower Guadalupe Bay River
  • Texas Mexican officials adopt the Constitution

    Officials adopt the Constitution of 1824, Coahuila and Texas are merged to form one state
  • Texas American Indian attack

    An American Indian attack on the green DeWitt colony forces settlers to flee Gonzales
  • Texa Fredonian Rebellion

    The Fredonian rebellion begins when Hayden Edwards declares independence from Mexico
  • Texas Stephen F Austin

    Stephen F Austin receives a contract to settle an additional 100 families in Texas
  • Texas General Manuel de Mier y Teran

    General Manuel de Mier y Teran begins a two were of Texas for the Mexican government
  • Texas The Texas Gazette

    The Texas Gazette newspaper begins publication in Austin's colony
  • Texas Thomas J Pilgrim

    Thomas J. Pilgrim organizes a Sunday school and private boys school in San Felipe
  • Texas President Guerrero

    President Guerrero iIssues a decree ending slavery in Mexico, but an exemption is made for Texas.
  • Texas April 6

    On April 6 Mexico issues a law that changes rules on immigration and trade in Texas
  • Texas Town of Gonzales

    The town of Gonzales receives a cannon from the Mexican government to defend citizens against American Indian attacks.
  • Texas Mary Austin Holley

    Mary Austin Holley's letters, describing life in early Texas, are published
  • Velasco citizen

    Velasco citizen hold a horse race on the coast near the town
  • Texas farmers

    Texas farmers export some 7000 bales of cotton worth about $315,000 to New Orleans
  • Texas Stephen F Austin

    Stephen F Austin is arrested in Saltillo.
  • Texas Settlers hold land grants

    Texas settlers hold about 3500 land grants
  • Texas immigrants

    An estimated 1000 U.S. immigrants enter Texas each month
  • Texas concerned

    Texans become concerned when the Mexican government officially abolishes the Constitution of 1824.
  • Texas Settlers attack

    Texas settlers attack Mexican soldiers at Gonzalez, forcing them to leave.
  • Texas troops in San Antonio

    Texas troops push Mexican troops out of San Antonio, capturing the city
  • Texas Sam Houston

    Sam Houston becomes the first popularly elected president of the Republic of Texas
  • Texas siege of the Alamo

    The siege of the Alamo begins
  • Texas Declaration of Independence

    The Texas Declaration of Independence is adopted
  • Texas battle San Jacinto

    Texans win the battle of San Jacinto, ending the Texas Revolution
  • Texas – Houston

    The Texas government begins work in Houston, the new capital
  • the u.s

    The U.s Congress authorizes a diplomat to go to Texas
  • Texas elects president

    Texas elects Mirabeau B. Lamar president.
  • william h wharton

    william h wharton is elected to the Texas Senate
  • Texas Homestead law

    Texas passes a homestead law, protecting settlers homes' From being seized to pay debts.
  • Repeated attacks

    Repeated attacks
    Repeated attacks and discriminatetion foce more than 100 Tejano families to flee Nacogdoches
  • France

    France becomes the first Euopean nation to recognize country
  • Texas new capital

    Texas new capital
    Austin, the new capital, has 850 residents
  • the first college

    the first college chartered by the Repudic,Rutersville College is founded
  • Galveston

    Galveston University opens its doors to five students
  • Texas Pres. Sam Houston

    Texans again elect Sam Houston president of the Republic
  • William Kennedy

    William Kennedy publishes Texas: The Rise Progress,and Prospecs of the Republis of Texas
  • President Mirabeau B

    President Mirabeau B . Lemar send the Texas Navy to the yucatan coast
  • Snider de Pellegrini

    Snider de Pellegrini director of a french colonization company bring 14 settlers to Texas
  • General Adrian woll

    General Adrian woll and about 1400 Mexican soldiers capture San Antonio
  • Texas Tehuacana Creek Councils

    Tehuacana Creek Councilslead to peace between Texans and several Texas Indian groups.
  • Texas Sam Houston

    Since troops into East Texas to end the Regulator-Moderator War.
  • Prince Carl of SolmsBraunfels

    Prince Carl of SolmsBraunfels come to Texas followed by a group of German immigrants
  • Texans elect Anson Jones

    Texans elect Anson Jones president of the Pepublic
  • At least 30,000

    At least 30,000 enslaveed African Americans live in Texas
  • The United States

    The United States annexes Texas
  • Congress officially admits Texas

    1845
    On December 29 the U.S. Congress officially admits Texas to the Union approves its first state constiution
  • Thomas j. Rusk

    Thomas j. Rusk and Sam Houston become the first Texans to serve in the U.S Senate
  • fighting

    fighting breaks out between U.S forces and Mexican troops at palo Alto and Resaca
  • treaty

    Texas signs a peace treaty with the Penataka Comanches.
  • George T. Wood

    George T. Wood is elected governor of Texas
  • Samuel H. Walker dies

    Samuel H. Walker dies in combat during a conflict Mexico
  • population

    A state census reports the state's population at more than 142,000.
  • Texans cast their first votes

    1848
    Texans cast their first votes as U.S. Citizens in a presidential election
  • Texas

    The Texas population reaches 200,000 people
  • Texas

    In her book Texas in 1850, Melinda Rankin describes the state and urges people to move to Texas.
  • Work

    Work begins on the Port Isabel Lighthouse. When completed, its light could be seen from 16 miles away
  • U.S Army Troop

    U.S Army Troop abandon Fort Worth after settlers move farther west beyond the fout
  • railroad

    After many false starts, track is finally laid for the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos, and Colorado Railway.
  • the American

    the American, or Know-Nothing party becomes active in Texas
  • The Governor's Mansion

    The Governor's Mansion is build in Austin
  • Slaves

    Slaves in Colorado County acquire weapons and plan a rebellion, but the plot is discovered before it can begin.
  • mail

    The Butterfield Overland Mail begins taking passengers and mail by stagecoach from Missouri, through Texas, and on to California.
  • A Series

    A Series of clashes occurs between Texas rangers and mexican Americans near Brownsville
  • cotton

    Texas produces a record crop of more than 400,000 bales of cotton.
  • Sam Houston

    Sam Houston easily defeats incumbent Hardin Runnels in the Election for Texas governor
  • Texas Frontier

    The Texas Frontier Regiment is established.
  • vote

    Texans vote, by more than three to one, to secede from the United States.
  • War

    Troops leave San Antonio for New Mexico, planning to capture the Southwest for the Confederacy.
  • forces

    Union forces capture Galveston
  • President

    President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Texas Cattle

    The Texas Cattle population increases rapidly during the Civil War
  • invate

    A Union attempt to invade Texas is turned back at Sabine Pass.
  • union troops

    Union troops capture Brownsville.
  • attack

    Colonel Christopher "Kit" Carson leads an attack against Plains Indians in the Panhandle.
  • Texan Attacks against the Plain Indians

    Colonel christopher "Kit" carson leads an attack against Plain Indians in the Panhandle
  • battle

    In a battle near Mansfield, Louisiana, Confederate forces stop a Union invasion of northeastern Texas.
  • freedom

    The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect in Texas, freeing the state's slaves.
  • last land battle

    The last land battle of the war is fought at Palmetto Ranch, Texas
  • African American

    African American George T. Ruby is elected as a delegate to the Republican National Convention.
  • Fort Richardson

    Fort Richardson is established near Jacksboro
  • Republican

    Republican Edmund J. Davis is elected governor.
  • Texas cowboys

    Texas cowboys move a herd of 15,000 cattle to market. It is the largest single herd of the era
  • public school system

    A public school system is created in Texas.
  • Wettest Place

    In 1873 Clarksville received 109.4 inches of rain
  • Ranchers

    Ranchers begin to ship thousands of cattle from Missouri Kansas-Texas Railroad extends a line there
  • government

    The Democratic Party regains full control of the state government.
  • Plain Indain attack

    Plain Indain attack a group of buffalo hunters in the Battle of Adobe Walls
  • Comanche surrenders

    Comanche leader Quanah Parker surrenders, ending the the red river War
  • new constitution

    Texas adopts a new constitution.
  • Animals die

    About 2,700 animals die during a cattle stampede near the brazos River
  • Texas A&M University

    1876
    Texas A&M University opens as an all-male military institution.
  • Texans adopt the constitution

    1876
    Texans adopt the constitution that governs the state today
  • Apache raids

    Apache leader Victorio Llaunches raids along the Texas - Mexico border
  • a ranch

    a ranch in the Panhandle purchases enough barbed wire to fence 250,000 acres
  • The University of Texas

    1883
    The University of Texas formally opens.
  • The Texas legislature

    1889
    The Texas legislature passes the Antitrust Act of 1889.
  • Texas Collage

    1890
    Texas Normal College and Teacher's Training Institutes, now called the University of North Texas, opens in Denton.
  • James Stephen Hogg

    1890
    James Stephen Hogg– the first native born Texan to become governor– is elected
  • A leading association of farmers

    1892
    A leading association of farmers endorses the Populist Party.
  • Drillers

    1894
    Drillers strike oil in Corsicana.
  • the first football game is played

    1894
    the first football game is played between the University of Texas and Texas A&M.
  • Teddy Roosevelt

    1898
    Teddy Roosevelt organizes and trains the Rough Riders in San Antonio.
  • A hurricane hits Galveston

    1900
    A hurricane hits Galveston, killing some 6,000 to 8,000 people.
  • Spindletop

    1901
    The Spindletop well strikes oil, producing more than 17 million barrels of oil the next year.
  • The Spindletop oil strike

    1901
    The Spindletop oil strike spurs the growth of the Texas oil industry
  • The Corsican Oilers

    1902
    The Corsican Oilers set a baseball record by defeating the Texarkana team 51 to 3
  • oil field in Harris County.

    1905
    A large oil strike is made in the humble oil field in Harris County.
  • The first Neiman Marcus department store opens in Dallas.

    1907
    The first Neiman Marcus department store opens in Dallas.
  • Goose Creek along Galveston Bay

    1908
    Oil is discovered at Goose Creek along Galveston Bay.
  • League of Mexican Women.

    1911
    Jovita Idar becomes the first president of the League of Mexican Women.
  • The Houston Ship Channel

    1914
    The Houston Ship Channel opens, and Houston soon becomes an important oil-refining center.
  • The Houston Ship Channel

    1914
    The Houston Ship Channel is completed, leading to the growth of industry in the Houston area.
  • The Texas legislature passes

    1915
    The Texas legislature passes the first state law requiring children to attend school
  • U.S. Constitution, which bans the sale or manufacture of alcohol.

    1918
    Texas ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which bans the sale or manufacture of alcohol.
  • Texas troops

    1918
    Texas troops are sent to france to fight in World War I.
  • After decades of fighting

    1918
    After decades of fighting for the right to vote, women are allowed to vote in Texas primary elections.
  • West Texas.

    1919
    An application is file fro drill for oil on state-owned land in West Texas. Several years later the Santa Rita No. 1 strikes oil.
  • Governor William Hobby

    1920
    Governor William Hobby breaks a dockworks' strike in Galveston
  • Texans elect Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson

    1924
    Texans elect Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson as the state's first female governor
  • Automobile registrations

    1926
    Automobile registrations reach 1 Million
  • For the first time in the state's history

    1928
    For the first time in the state's history, the majority of Texans vote for a Republican presidential – Herbert Hoover
  • James V Allred

    1934
    ​James V Allred is elected governor of Texas
  • Hottest Spot

    The Highest recorded temperature in Texas was a blistering 120F,occurring in 1936 at Seymour and in 1994 at Monahans
  • Texans elect W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel

    1938
    Texans elect W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel as governor
  • The Southern Aircraft Corporation

    1939
    The Southern Aircraft Corporation, the first airplane manufacturer in Texas, is formed
  • Large numbers of Texans volunteer for military service

    ​1941
    Large numbers of Texans volunteer for military service in World War II
  • The U.S. Supreme Court declares

    1944
    The U.S. Supreme Court declares the Texas white primary unconstitutional
  • A Texas law

    1944
    A Texas law establishing white primaries is struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court in Smith v. Allwright
  • Texan Audie Murphy receives

    1945
    Texan Audie Murphy receives the Medal of Honor for stopping a Germen tank attack in France
  • More than 3 million automobiles

    ​1951
    More than 3 million automobiles are registered in Texas
  • Allan Shiver successfully runs

    1954
    Allan Shiver successfully runs for a third term as governor
  • Women are allowed to serve on Texas juries

    1955
    Women are allowed to serve on Texas juries for the first time
  • Driest place

    Wink just 1.76 inches of rain in 1956
  • Texas women call for an equal rights

    1957
    Texas women call for an equal rights amendment to the state constitution
  • Texas musician Buddy Holly

    1959
    Texas musician Buddy Holly is killed in a plane crash
  • The U.S. Supreme Court rules

    1960
    The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Texas own Gulf coastal tide​lands up to a 10.35 mile limit
  • Henry B. Gonzalez

    1961
    Henry B. Gonzalez is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and John Tower is elected to the U.S. Senate
  • The Manned Space Center

    1961
    The Manned Space Center, now the Johnson Space Center, is built in Houston
  • Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President

    1963
    Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President of the United States after President John F. Kennedy is assasinated
  • exas singer Janis Joplin

    1967
    Texas singer Janis Joplin's career takes off after a performance at the Monterey International Pop Festival
  • Texas Instruments

    1967
    Texas Instruments releases the first handheld calculator
  • The National Aeronautics

    1969
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration sends the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon
  • Chicano movement

    1970
    Members of the Chicano movement and the Mexican American Youth Organization form the La Raza Unida Party
  • Barbara Jordan

    1972
    Barbara Jordan is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
  • Texan Barbara Jordan

    1972
    Texan Barbara Jordan is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. She is the first black woman from the South to serve in Congress
  • Austin City

    1974
    Austin City Limits goes on the air with Willie Nelson as its first guest musician
  • A major attempt to adopt a new Texas

    1974
    A major attempt to adopt a new Texas constitution fails
  • Edmund J. Davis is elected governor

    Edmund J. Davis is elected governor, the last Republican to hold the office until Bill Clements was elected in 1978
  • The Texas population

    1980
    The Texas population reaches 14 million
  • Texas writer Larry McMurtry

    1986
    Texas writer Larry McMurtry
    receives the Pulitzer Prize for his novel Lonesome Dove
  • Raul Gonzalez

    1986
    Raul Gonzalez is elected to the Texas Supreme Court. He is the first Mexican American elected to statewide office
  • Texas musician Stevie Ray Vaughan

    1990
    Texas musician Stevie Ray Vaughan is killed in a helicopter crasha is killed in a helicopter crash
  • The North American Free Trade Agreement

    1994
    The North American Free Trade Agreement is passed, easing trade among the United States, Mexico, and Canada
  • George W. Bush

    1995
    George W. Bush takes office as governor
  • Coldest Spot in Texas

    The lowest recorded temp in Texas was a chilly -23F, occurring in 1899 at Tulia and in 1933 at Seminole.
  • Rick Perry

    2000
    Rick Perry becomes the 47th governor of Texas
  • The Texas state government employs

    2000
    more than 230,000 people in more than 200 agencies, wit a two-year budget totaling more than $98 billion
  • Republicans gain contro

    2002
    Republicans gain control of the Texas House of Representatives
  • Texas becomes the national leader

    2006
    Texas becomes the national leader in wind power generation
  • Texas Timber

    The Texas timber industry earned more than $1.9 billion in 2007
  • Rick Perry

    2008
    Rick Perry becomes the longest-serving governor in Texas history. He was elected governor again in 2010
  • Cowboys Stadium

    2009
    Cowboys Stadium, later renames AT&T Stadium, opens in Arlington
  • Texas cotton

    In 2011 the value of Texas cotton production reached over $1.5 billion
  • Texas receives

    2011
    Texas receives its lowest ever recorded rainfall
  • Texas Oil

    In 2012 Texas produced about 730 million barrels of crude oil worth some $55 billion.
  • farms in Texas

    In 2012 there were more than 244,700 farms in Texas
  • Texas Economy

    Agriculture added some $36 billion to the Texas economy in 2012
  • Texas Exports of computers and electronics

    Texas exports of computers and electronics were worth more than $45 billlion in 2012
  • Based on the 2010 Census

    2012
    Based on the 2010 Census, Texas gains four new seats in Congress
  • Texas exports

    2012
    Texas exports more than $124 billion worth of goods
  • Longest River

    The Rio Grande, which begins in Colorado and flows along the Texas-mexico border, runs 1,896
  • highest Point

    Guadalupe Peak is the highest point in the state, at 8749 feet above sea level
  • Texas coal

    Texas has an estimated 23 billion tons of lignite, a type of coal.
  • Texas Acres

    More than 6 million aces of Texas land are irrigated
  • Texas Aquifer

    The Ogallala Aquifer is the largest underground water source in Texas
  • Toledo Bend Reservoir

    Toledo Bend Reservoir on the Sabine River holds more than 5.5 billion cubic meters of water
  • Texas largest natural lake

    Caddo Lake is the largest natural lake in Texas covering more than 39 square miles {half of which are in Louisiana}
  • Texas woodlands

    Texas contains more than 60 million acres of forests and woodlands
  • Texas largest national park

    With 800,000 acres of land,Big Bend National park is the largest national park in Texas
  • The Indian attack