Jan 1, 1400
Age of Exploration beginsWhat reasons did Europeans explore? (3)
God, gold, and glory
What was Columbus looking for when he found America?
He was looking for a faster rout to Asia
Which countries were most explorers from?
Spain, France, Italy, Portugal
What is a conquistador?
Which explorer tore down Tenochtitlan and founded New Spain?
Jan 1, 1519
Pineda maps Texas coastDescribe Pineda’s route and accomplishments
Pineda sailed to find the Spanish Governor of Jamaica and then he sent Pineda to explore the Gulf Coast from Florida to Mexico. Pineda accomplished being the first European in Texas. Pineda discovered the Mississippi river and he also discovered Florida was not an island like deleon.
Jan 1, 1527
Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecksWhich Native tribe captures Cabeza de Vaca?
The Karankawa Indians
What killed many Natives and explorers during the Age of Contact?
When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico, what did people think about his stories?
They inspired them
Jan 1, 1542
Coronado sets out for CibolaWhat is Cibola?
Cites of gold
Why did Coronado think Cibola was in Texas?
Because of cabaza de Vacas story
Did they find Cibola?
What is one important landmark that the expedition did discover?
They discovered the Grand Canyon
La Salle lands in TexasWhich country began challenging Spain for Texas?
Which river delta did La Salle discover?
Fort St. Louis foundedWhere is Ft. St. Louis?
Who founded Ft. St. Louis?
LaSalle founded it
Name 2 reasons why Ft. St. Louis failed.
Good useable timber ex far away and they didn't have enough animals to move the large pieces of timber
How was La Salle killed?
By rocks and Indians
Marques de Rubi Inspects TexasWhat was de Rubi’s mission?
to inspect the norther boarderlands
Who sent de Rubi on his mission?
Name 2 recommendations that de Rubi made after his journey
Spain has to organise its defence to have war against lipan apaches
Philip Nolan ExpeditionWhat is a filibuster?
It's a Texan person that wants to ceced
Name 2 other filibuster besides Philip Nolan.
John lefeet and aury-perry-minna
Who was Jean Lafitte?
An American pirate in the gulf of Mexico
Mission San Francisco foundedWhat is the purpose of a mission?
Toto colonize the territory who led missions
Who led missions?
Which country is responsible for building missions?
What religion were missions affiliated with?
Were most missions successful?
No most missions failed
Why did missions fail?
The people who changed rejected it
What buildings protected missions?
Mier y Teran ReportWhat was the goal of the Mier y Teran expedition?
To investigate conditions in texas
Why was Mier y Teran sent?
To protect the region
What recommendations did Mier y Teran make?
trade between Texas and Mexico should be increased Mexicans control over the region, and to show mexico's power to keep Texas
The Louisiana PurchaseWhat did the Louisiana purchase mean for US-Spanish relations?
Which 3 countries still claimed land in North America after the Louisiana Purchase?
Spain, Britain and France
Moses Austin Asks Permission for ColonyWhy did the Spanish grant Austin permission to establish a colony?
He wanted to make settlements in Texas
What happened to Moses before he could establish his colony?
He got mugged died
Mexico gains IndependenceWho did Mexico gain their independence from?
Which Constitution did the Federalist’s establish for Mexico?
Federal constitution of the United States
Under the Constitution, which Mexican state was Texas joined with?
Stephen F. Austin Establishes His ColonyWhat is an empresario?
Granted to sell Mexico land
Where did SFA establish his colony?
What were some of the requirements Mexico made SFA’s colony meet?
They had to be Catholic, and they had to be from Louisiana
Describe the “Old 300.” What kind of people were they?
Slave holders farmers
What were some challenges in establishing the colony?
There were not a lot of supporters fighting
Name 2 other empresarios.
David g. Burnet and green dewitt
Fredonian RebellionWhat was the goal of the Fredonian Rebellion?
To provide protection for colonists in the area and also to receive a land commissioner by the Mexican government.
Who were the Edwards brothers upset with?
How did the Rebellion end?
Law of April 6, 1830 passesWhat did the law say about
It was the same type of encouragement to the Texas Revolution Empresario contracts?
Suspending bringing slaves into Mexico
The law slowed immigration, it voided contracts, and suspended two active enterprises
Slaves could no longer be brought in work the fields
New forts and presidios were built to stop illegal immigration
A customs duty was placed on all goods entering Texas from the U.S.
Convention of 1833What was the goal of the Convention?
More Indian defense, judicial reform, and improvement in mail service
Who made the trip to Mexico City to present the resolutions?
Juan Erasmo Seguín, Dr. James B. Miller, and SFA
Austin ArrestedWhy was SFA arrested?
Mexican government found Austin’s letter to the Texans & felt it was an act of treason.
Because of his imprisonment, what did SFA change his mind about?
to stop trying to resolve problems with mexico
Battle of GonzalesWhy was the battle of Gonzales fought?
The Mexican government was trying to retrieve a cannon
Which important Texas slogan originated during the battle?
COME AND TAKE IT
San Antonio de Bexar SiegeWhat is a siege?
When attacking a fortified and taking away their help and supplies
Who controlled San Antonio before the siege? Who controlled San Antonio after the siege?
Convention of 1836Which 2 important documents were created at the convention?
constatution and declearation of indipendance
The Alamo FallsName 3 notable Alamo defenders.
davi crocket, James Bowie, and William Travis
How many Alamo defenders were there? How many Mexican troops?
1800 - mexican
200 - Texans Why didn’t Sam Houston send reinforcements to the Alamo?
Which side won the Battle of the Alamo?
Goliad MassacreWhich battle did Fannin and his men lose to be taken prisoner?
Battle of Gonzales
Who ordered the massacre of Fannin’s men?
How many Texans died during the massacre?
The Runaway ScrapeWhich direction was everybody moving?
What was the goal/purpose of the Runaway Scrape?
The goal was to cross the Sabine River into Louisiana before they were killed
Why was everybody running away?
Fear and They didnt want to be killed by santa anna
What did people think about Sam Houston for running away from Santa
they thought he was a coward
Battle of San JacintoWhat were 2 war-cries that the Texans shouted during the battle?
Remember the Alamo, and Remember Goliad
What was the number of casualties for both sides?
630 killed (mexico)
208 wounded (mexico)
730 captured (mexico)
9 killed fatally wounded (Texas)
30 wounded (Texas)
Describe what Santa Anna did during the battle.
he hid and dredded as a mexican solidure
Which side was victorious?