Texas History '14-'15

  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to

    Texas History

    The Age of Contact through the Present
  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    Age of Contact

    Period of time in which European explorers made first contsct with the peoples and lands of the Americas.
  • Oct 13, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Christopher Columbus makes landfall on San Salvador, an island in the Carribean. Columbus gave Spain the first European claim to land in the Americas.
  • Feb 1, 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec Empire and claimed what is now known as Mexico for Spain.He established Mexico City as the capital of New Spain.
  • Jun 1, 1519

    Alonso Alvarez de Pineda

    Alonso Alvarez de Pineda
    Pineda was the first European to explore and map the Texas coastline. His map is considered to be the first document in Texas history.
  • Nov 6, 1528

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked on what is believed to be Galveston Island. He and Esteban, an African slave, are the first Europeans/Africans to enter Texas. His stories would encourage Spanish exploration to the North.
  • Mar 15, 1539

    Fray Marcos

    Fray Marcos
    Was sent North to investigate the claims of golden cities told in the stories of Cabeza de Vaca. He claimed that he saw Cibola, but it later turned out that it was just a Native American village.
  • Feb 23, 1540

    Francisco Coronado

    Francisco Coronado
    Francisco Vázquez de Coronado was a Spanish conquistador who led a great expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of southwestern United States, including much of Northwest Texas.
  • Jun 1, 1542

    Luis de Moscoso

    Luis de Moscoso
    Took ove the De Soto Expedition and explored much of East Texas for Spain.
  • Corpus Christi de la Ysleta

    Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
    Spanish establish the first permanent settlement in Texas.
  • Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle

    Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
    French Explorer who established Fort St. Louis on the coast of Texas. The short-lived, ill-fated fort did not last, but gave France a claim in Texas, and reignited Spanish interest in exploring and colonizing Texas.
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  • American Independence

    American Independence
    The American colonies win their independence from Great Britain.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexican Independence
    Mexico wins its independence from Spain.
  • Period: to

    Revolution and Republic

  • Siege of the Alamo begins

    Siege of the Alamo begins
    Santa Anna's advance forces reach San Antonio, catching the Texans off-guard. Texans scramble inside the Alamo for protection, and the 13 day siege begins.
  • Texas Independence Day

    Texas Independence Day
    Texans meating at Washington-on-the-Brazos sign the Texas Declaration of Independnce.
  • Fall of the Alamo

    Fall of the Alamo
    A 90 minute final assault by Mexican forces takes place. All 200+ Texan defenders are killed including Jim Bowie, Davey Crockett, and William Travis.
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    Texan forces under the command of Sam Houston launch a surprise attack on Santa Anna's forces. The battle was a Tesan route and lasted only 18 minutes. Santa Anna agrees to work for Texan independnce in exchange for his life.
  • Texas Annexed

    Texas Annexed
    Texas is annexed by the United States by joint resolution making it the 28th state.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The Traety of Guadalupe Hidfalgo is signed ending the Mexican-American War. AS a result, the US gained much of the SW US which was known as the Mexican Cession.
  • Period: to

    Civil War

  • Texas Secedes

    Texas Secedes
    Texan voters vote in favor of secession, and Texas becomes the 7th state to secede from the Union.
  • Bombardment of Fort Sumter

    Bombardment of Fort Sumter
    Confederate forces in South Carolina bombard Union troops at Fort Sumter marking the beginning of the Civil War.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation freeing all of the slaves in Confederates states.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    Abraham LIncoln is assassinated in Ford's Theater in Washington DC by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

    Battle of Palmito Ranch
    The last officaial battle of the Civil War is fought at Palmito Ranch, Texas. The war had already effecttively ended prior to the battle.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    The Transcontinental Railroad in completed at Promantory Point, Utah. The entire US is now connected by railroad.
  • Period: to

    Modern Era

  • Galveston Hurricane

    Galveston Hurricane
    Galveston, Texas is struck by a major hurricane destroying much of the city and killing between 6,000-12,000 residents.
  • Spindletop

    Oil is discoverd at the SPindletop Field near Beaumont, Texas. It was the largest oil field to be discovered at that time.
  • World War I

    World War I
    The United States declares war on Germany and officially enters WWI.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The stock market crash of 1929 marked the beginning of the Great Depression. The bank failures of the 1930's and the Dust Bowl would compound the problems faced by the country.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The Japanese launch a surprise attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor. Over 2,500 Americans died in the attack. The US declares war om Japan and enters WWII.
  • Hiroshima

    The US drops the atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. A few days later, a second bomb would be dropped on Nagasaki. Japan surrenders 2 days later, effectively ending WWII.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    President Kenedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas. Vice President Lyndon B, Johnson, a Texan, becomes President of the US.