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texas in the civil war

  • The Legislature met

    On January 21, 1861, the legislature met in Austin
  • Period: to

    texas in the civil war

  • Secession covened

    the Secession Convention convened on January 28 and, in the first order of business, voted to back the legislature 140-28 in that an ordinance of secession, if adopted, be submitted for state-wide consideration.
  • texas secedes

    The state of Texas declared its secession from the United States on February 1, 1861
  • Legislature and private citizens gathered

    On February 1, members of the legislature, and a huge crowd of private citizens, packed the House galleries and balcony to watch the final vote on the question of secession.
  • Final tally

    The final tally for secession was 166-7, a vote whose legality was upheld by the Texas Legislature on February 7.
  • four men to negotiate eith fenderal government

    After Texas passed its Ordinance of Secession, the state government appointed four men as "commissioners of public safety" to negotiate with the Federal government for the safe transfer of military installations and bases in Texas to the Confederates. Along with land baron Samuel A. Maverick and Thomas J. Devine, Dr. Philip N. Luckett met with U.S. Army General David E. Twiggs on February 8, 1861, to arrange the surrender of the Federal property in San Antonio.
  • Joined the confederate states

    Texas Joined the Confederate States of America
  • Ordinance was suposed to take effect

    Ordinance was written to take effect on March 2
  • Houston was deposed from office

    Houston took his seat on March 16, the date state officials were scheduled to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy. He remained silent as his name was called out three times and, after failing to respond, the office of governor was declared vacant and Houston was deposed from office.
  • clark replaced houston

    houston was replaced by Lieutenant Governor Edward Clark. Clark filled the rest of Houston's term in 1861
  • start of the civilwar

    The American Civil War 1861, also known as the War Between the States
  • THe congress passed a law

    In 1862, the Confederate Congress in distant Richmond, Virginia, passed a conscription law that ordered all males from 18 to 45 years of age to be placed in the service, except ministers, state, city and county officers and certain slave owners. All persons holding 15 slaves, or over, were exempt.
  • The recapture of galveston

    The U.S. Navy blockaded the principal seaport, Galveston, for four years, and Federal infantry occupied the city for three months in late 1862. Confederate troops under Gen. John B. Magruder recaptured the city on January 1, 1863 and it remained in Confederate hands until the end of the war. A few days later the Confederate raider CSS Alabama attacked and sunk the USS Hatteras in a naval engagement off the coast of Galveston.
  • battle of sabine pass

    battle of sabine pass
    The most notable military battle in Texas during the war happened on September 8, 1863. At the Battle of Sabine Pass, a small garrison of 46 Confederates from the mostly-Irish Davis Guards under Lt. Richard W. Dowling, 1st Texas Heavy Artillery, defeated a much larger Union invasion force from New Orleans under Gen. William B. Franklin.
  • the Battle of Mansfeild

    the Battle of Mansfeild
    In 1864, many Texas forces, including a division under French Prince Camille de Polignac, moved into Northwestern Louisiana to stall Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks' Red River Campaign, which was intended to invade Texas from its eastern border. Confederate forces halted the expedition at the Battle of Mansfield, just east of the Texas border.
  • Surrender

    Robert E. Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865
  • the news of the surrender was recieved

    In the spring of 1865, Texas contained over 60,000 soldiers of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi under Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith. As garrison troops far removed from the main theaters of the war, morale had deteriorated to the point of frequent desertion and thievery. News of the surrender of Lee and other Confederate generals east of the Mississippi finally reached Texas around April 20.
  • date that surrender terms were disccused

  • Battle of Palmito Ranch

  • soldiers pillaged

    Soldiers began openly pillaging the Galveston quartermasters stores on May 21.
  • the blockade Lark docked

    Several hundred civilians sacked the blockade runner Lark when it docked on May 24
  • Riots

    Riots continued in the city until May 26.
  • kerby smith oficialy surrendered

  • date that federal troops came to restore order

  • texas was readmited

    March 30, 1870, that the United States Congress readmitted Texas into the Union, although Texas did not meet all the formal requirements for readmission.