Degg

MALIKYE (JUAN)

  • Coldest Spot

    The lowest recorded temperature in Texas was a chilly -23 F, occurring in 1899 at Tulia and in 1933 at Seminole.
  • Hottest Spot

    The highest recorded temperature in Texas was a blistering 120 F, occurring in 1936 at Seymour and in 1994 at Monahans.
  • Longest River

    The Rio Grande, which begins in Colorado and flows along the Texas-Mexico border runs 1,896 miles.
  • Driest Place

    Wink received just 1.76 inches of rain in 1956
  • Wettest Place

    In 1873 Clarksville received 109.4 inches of rain.
  • Highest Point

    Guadalupe Peak is the highest point in the state, at 8,749 feet above sea level.
  • A Land Called Texas

    IN 2012 Texas produced about 730 million barrels of crude oil worth some $55 billion.
  • A Land Called Texas

    Texas has and estimated 23 billion tons of lignite, a type of coal.
  • A Land Called Texas

    More than 6 million acres of Texas land are irrigated
  • A Land Called Texas

    The Ogallala Aquifer is the largest underground water source in Texas.
  • A Land Called Texas

    In 2012 there were more than 244,700 farms in Texas.
  • A Land Called Texas

    Agriculture added some $36 billion to the Texas economy in 2012.
  • A Land Called Texas

    Toledo Bend Reservoir on the Sabine River holds more than 5.5 billion cubic meters of water.
  • A Land Called TExas

    Caddo Lake is the largest natural lake in Texas, covering more than 39 Square miles (half of which are in Louisiana).
  • The Regions of Texas

    The Texas timber industry earned more than $1.9 billion in 2007.
  • The Regions of Texas

    Texas contains more than 60 million acres of forests and woodlands.
  • The Regions of Texas

    IN 2011 the value of Texas cotton production reached over $1.5 billion.
  • The Regions of Texas

    With 800.000 acres of land, Big Bend National Park is the largest national park in Texas.
  • The Regions of Texas

    Sales of Texas livestock totaled more than $10.8 billion in 2007.
  • The Regions of Texas

    Texas exports of computers and electronics were worth more than $45 billion in 2012.
  • Texas Indians c. 10,000 B.C.

    Proto-Indians live at the Gault site.
  • Texas Indians c. 1500 B.C.

    Coastal American Indians make knives and scrapers from stone.
  • Texas Indians C. A.D. 100

    American Indians living near Galveston Bay begin making pottery.
  • Texas Indians C. A.D. 1000

    The caddos grow many kinds of crops in East Texas.
  • The age of Contact

    Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the Texas coast.
  • The Age of Contact

    Explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado crosses the Texas Panhandle.
  • The Age of Contact

    A Spanish treasure fleet shipwrecks off of present-day Padre Island.
  • The Age of Contact

    Spaniard Hernan Gallegos writes about the lives of the Jumano Indiias in Texas.
  • The Age of Contact

    Juan de Onate crosses the Texas Panhandle on his way to Quivira.
  • The Age of Contact

    Spaniards first record seeing Apache Indians riding horses.
  • The Spanish Colonial Period

    A group of colonists led by French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle land in Matagorda Bay in Texas.
  • The Spanish Colonial Period

    The Spanish build a mission named San Francisco de los Tejas.
  • The Spanish Colonial Period

    Martin de Alarcon establishes the San Antonio de Valero mission.
  • The Spanish Colonial Period

    Settlers from the Canary Islands arrive in San Antonio.
  • The Spanish Colonial Period

    Rancher Tomas Sanchez establishes the town of Laredo.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    The Marques de Rubi expedition begins.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    Antonio Gil Ybarbo founds the town of Nacogdoches in East Texas.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    Spanish priest Juan Agustin Morfi, author of the History of Texas, 1673-1779, dies.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    Philip Nolan, a U.S citizen, receives permission to capture wild horses in Texas.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    U.S. citizen James Long and a small force invade Texas, only to be defeated by Spanish forces.
  • Conflicts of Empire

    Mexico, which includes Texas, wins its independence from Spain.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    The Spanish government grants Moses Austin permission to found a colony in Texas.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    About 3,000 Anglo settlers live in Texas without the permission of the Mexican government.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    Empresario Martin de Leon settles families on the lower Guadalupe River.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    An American Indian attack on the Green DeWitt colony forces settlers to flee Gonzales.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    The Texas Gazette newspaper begins publication in Austin's colony.
  • Texas on the Mexican Frontier

    Texas settlers hold about 3,500 land grants.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Settler Jared Groce plants a cotton crop, possibly the first in Stephen f. Austin's colony.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Mexican officials adopt the Constitution of 1824. coahuila and Texas are merged to form one state.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Stephen F. Austin receives a contract to settle and additional 100 families in Texas.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Thomas J. Pilgrim organizes a Sunday school and private boys' school in San Felipe.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Mary Austin Holley's letters, describing life in early Texas, are published.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    Texas farmers export some 7,000 bales of cotton, worth about $315,000 to New Orleans.
  • Life in Mexican Texas

    An estimated 1,000 U.S. immigrants enter Texas each month.
  • The Road to Revolution

    The Fredonian Rebellion begins when Haden Edwards declares independence from Mexico.
  • The Road to Revolution

    general Manuel de Mier y Teran begins a tour of Texas for the Mexican government.
  • The Road to Revolution

    President Guerrero issues a decree ending slavery in Mexico, but and exemption is made for Texas.
  • The Road to Revolution

    On April 6 Mexico issues a law that changes rules on immigration and trade in Texas.
  • The Road to Revolution

    On April 6 Mexico issues a law that changes rules on immigration and trade in Texas.
  • The Road to Revolution

    The town of Gonzales receives a cannon form the Mexican government to defend citizens against American Indian attacks.
  • The Road to Revoulution

    Stephen F. Austin is arrested in Saltillo.
  • The Road to Revolution

    Texans become concerned when the Mexican government ofiicially abolishes the Constitution of 1824
  • The Texas Revolution

    Texas settlers attack Mexican soldiers at Gonzales, forcing them to leave.
  • The Texas Revolution

    Texas troops push Mexican troops out of San Antonio, capturing the city.
  • The Texas Revolution

    The Siege of the Alamo begins.
  • The Texas Revolution

    The Texas Declaration of Independence is adopted.
  • The Texas Revolution

    Texans win the Battle of San Jacinto, ending the Texas Revolution.
  • The Texas Revolution

    The first oficial Texas flag is adopted by the Texas Congress.
  • A New Nation

    Sam Houston becomes the first popularly elected president of the Republic of Texas.
  • A New Nation

    The Texas government begins work in Houston, the new capital.
  • A New Nation

    Texans elect Mirabeau B. Lamar president.
  • A New Nation

    Texas passes a homestead law, protecting settlers' homes from being seized to pay debts.
  • A New Nation

    Austin, the new capital, has 850 residents.
  • A New Nation

    Texans again elect Sam Houston president of the Republic.
  • A New Nation

    The Tehuacana Creek Councils lead to peace between Texans and several Texas Indian groups.
  • A New Nation

    President Sam Houston sends troops into East Texas to end the Regulator-Moderator War.
  • Life in the Republic

    Velasco citizens hold a horse race on the near the town.
  • Life in the Republic

    Repeated attacks and discrimination force more than 100 Tejano families to flee Nacogdoches.
  • Life in the Republic

    The first college chartered by the Republic, Rutersville College, is founded.
  • Life in the Republic

    William Kennedy publishes Texas: the Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas.
  • Life in the Republic

    Snider de Pellegrini, director of a French colonization company, brings 14 settlers to Texas.
  • Life in the Republic

    Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels comes to Texas followed by a group of German immigrants.
  • Life in the Republic

    At least 30,000 enslaved African Americans live in Texas.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    The U.S. Congress authorize a diplomat to go to Texas.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    William H. Wharton is elected to the Texas Senate.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    France becomes the first European nation to recognize Texas as an independent country.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    Galveston university opens its doors to five students.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    President Mirabeau B. Lamar sends the Texas Navy to the Yucatan coast.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    General Adrian Woll and about 1,400 Mexican soldiers capture San Antonio.
  • Texas Faces Foreign Challenges

    Texans elect Anson Jones president of the Republic.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    The United States annexes Texas.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    Thomas J. Rusk and Sam Houston become the first Texans to serve in the U.S. Senate.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    George T. Wood is elected governor of Texas.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    Work begins on the Port Isabel Lighthouse. When completed, its light could be seen from 16 miles away.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    the American, or Know-Nothing, Part becomes active in Texas.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    The Governor's Mansion is built in Austin.
  • Texas Joins the United States

    Sam Houston easily defeats incumbent Hardin Runnels in the election for Texas governor.
  • Western Expansion and Conflict

    Fighting breaks out between U.S. forces and Mexican troops at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.
  • Western Expansion and conflict

    Samuel H. Walker dies in combat during a conflict in Mexico
  • Western Expansion and Conflict

    The Texas population reaches 200,000 people.
  • Western Expansion and Conflict

    U.S. Army troops abandon Fort worth after settlers move farther west beyond the fort.
  • Western Expansion and Conflict

    A series of clashes occurs between Texas Ranger and Mexican Americans near Brownsville.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    Texas signs a peace treaty with the Penateka Comanches.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    A state census reports the state's population at more than 142,000.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    In her book Texas in 1850, Melinda Rankin describes the state and urges people to move to Texas.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    After many false starts, track si finally laid for the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos, and Colorado Railway.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    Slaves in Colorado County acquire weapons and plan a rebellion, by the pot is discovered before it can begin.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    The Butterfield Overland Mail begins taking passengers and mail by stagecoach from Missouri, through Texas, and on to California.
  • Life in a Frontier State

    Texas produces a record crop of more than 400,000 bales of cotton.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    Texans vote, by more than three to one, to secede from the United States.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    Troops leave San Antonio for New Mexico, planning to capture the Southwest for the Confederacy.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    Union forces capture Galveston.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    A Union attempt to invade Texas is turned back at Sabine Pass.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    Union troops capture Brownsville.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    In a battle near Mansfield, Louisiana, Confederate forces stop a Union invasion of northeastern Texas.
  • Texas and the Civil War

    The last land battle of the war is fought at Palmito Ranch, Texas.
  • Reconstruction

    The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect in Texas, freeing the state's slaves.
  • Reconstruction

    African American George T. Ruby is elected a a delegate to the Republican National convention.
  • Reconstruction

    Republican Edmond J. Davis is elected governor.
  • Reconstruction

    A public school system is created in Texas.
  • Reconstruction

    The Democratic Party regains full control of state government.
  • Reconstruction

    Texas adopts a new constitution.
  • The Indian Wars

    The Texas Frontier Regiment is established.
  • The Indian Wars

    Colonel Christopher "Kit" Carson leads and attack against Plains Indians in the Panhandle.
  • The Indian Wars

    Fort Richardson is established near Jacksboro.
  • The Indian Wars

    Plains Indians attack a group of buffalo hunters in the Battle of Adobe Walls.
  • The Indian Wars

    Comanche leader Quanah Parker surrenders, ending the Red River War.
  • The Indian Wars

    Apahce leader Victorio launches raids along the Texas-Mexico border.
  • The Cattle Kingdom

    The Texas cattle population increases rapidly during the Civil War.
  • The Cattle Kingdom

    Texas cowboys move a herd of 15,000 cattle to market. It is the largest single herd of the era.
  • The Cattle Kingdom

    Ranchers begin to ship thousands of cattle from Denison after the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad extends a line there.
  • The Cattle Kingdom

    About 2,700 animals die during a cattle stampede near the Brazos River
  • The Cattle Kingdom

    A ranch in the Panhandle purchases enough barbed wire to fence 250,000 acres.
  • Railroads and Farming

    Texas has 583 miles of rail lines.
  • Railroads and Farming

    The Texas legislature passes a law that allows the state to fund railroads with land grants.
  • Railroads and Farming

    The Texas and Pacific Railway meets the Southern Pacific line near El Paso, forming the first transcontinental railroad route through Texas.
  • Railroads and Farming

    The Knights of Labor begin a major strike against Jay Gould's railroad company.
  • Railroads and Farming

    There are more than 8,000 miles of railroad track in Texas.
  • Railroads and Farming

    The Texas Railroad Commission is established to regulate railroads in Texas.
  • Railroads and Farming

    Texas has more than 350,000 farmers, and almost half of all farmers are tenant farmers.
  • The Oil Boom

    Texas Normal College and Teachers' Training Institute, now called University of North Texas, opens in Denton.
  • The Oil Boom

    Drillers strike oil in Corsicana.
  • The Oil Boom

    The Spindletop well strikes oil, producing more than 17 million barrels of oil the next year.
  • The Oil Boom

    A large oil strike is made in the Humble oil field in Harris county.
  • The Oil Boom

    Oil is discovered at Goose Creek along Galveston Bay.
  • The Oil Boom

    The Houston Ship Channel opens, and Houston soon becomes an important oil-refining center.
  • The Oil Boom

    An application is filed to drill for oil on state-owned land in West Texas. Several years late the Santa Rita No. 1 strikes oil.
  • Texas in the Age of Reform

    Texas A&M University opens as an all-male military institution.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    The University of Texas formally opens.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    The Texas legislature passes the Antitrust Act of 1889.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    A leading association of farmers endorses the Populist Party.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    A hurricane hits Galveston, killing some 6,000 to 8,000 people.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    Jovita Idar becomes the first president of the League of Mexican Women.
  • Texas in the Age of Reforming

    Texas ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which bans the sale or manufacture of alcohol.
  • Texans ate Home and Abroad

    The first football game is played between the University of Texas and Texas A&M.
  • Texans at Home and Abroad

    Teddy Roosevelt organizes and trains the Rough Rider in San Antonio.
  • Texans at Home and Abroad

    The Corsicana Oilers set a baseball record by defeating the Texarkana team 51 to 3.
  • Texans at Home and Abroad

    The first Neiman Marcus department store opens in Dallas.
  • Texans at Home and Abroad

    The Houston Ship Channel is completed, leading to the growth of industry in the Houston area.
  • Texas at Home and Abroad

    Texas troops are sent to France to fight in WW1.
  • Boom and Bust

    Governor William Hobby breaks a dockworkers' strike in Galveston.
  • Boom and Bust

    Texans elect Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson as the state's first female governor.
  • Boom and Bust

    Automobile registrations reach 1 million.
  • Boom and Bust

    For the first time in the state's history, the majority of Texans vote for a Republican presidential candidate--Herbert Hoover.
  • Boom and Bust

    Some 300,000 Texans are unemployed.
  • Boom and Bust

    James V Allred is elected governor of Texas.
  • Boom and Bust

    Texas celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Texas Revolution.
  • Boom and Bust

    Texans elect W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel as governor.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    Large numbers of Texans volunteer for military service in WW2.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    The U.S. Supreme Court declares the Texas white primary unconstitutional.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    Texan Audie Murphy receives the Medal of Honor for stopping a German tank attack in France.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    More than 3 million automobiles are registered in Texas.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    Allan Shivers successfully runs for a third term as governor.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    Texas women call for an equal rights amendment to the state constitution.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    Texas musician Buddy Holly is killed in a plane crash.
  • WW2 and the Cold War

    The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Texas owns Gulf coastal tidelands up to a 10.35-mile limit.
  • Texas in Transition

    Henry B. Gonzales is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and John Tower is elected to the U.S. Senate.
  • Texas in transition

    Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president of the U.S. after President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.
  • Texas in Transition

    Texas singer Janis Joplin's career takes off after a performance at the Monterey International Pop Festival.
  • Texas in Transition

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration sends the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon.
  • Texas in Transition

    Members of the Chicano movement and the Mexican American Youth Organization form La Raza Unida Party.
  • Texas in Transition

    Barbara Jordan is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • Texas in Transition

    Austin City Limits goes on the air with Willie Nelson as its first guest musician.
  • Texas in Transition

    The Texas population reaches 14 million.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Texas writer Larry McMurtry receives the Pulitzer Prize for his novel Lonesome Dove.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Texas musician Stevie Ray Vaughan is killed in a helicopter crash.
  • Contemporary Texas

    George W. Bush takes office as governor.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Rick Perry becomes the 47th governor of Texas.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Republicans gain control of the Texas House of Representatives.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Texas becomes the national leader in wind power generation.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Cowboys Stadium, later renamed AT&T Stadium, opens in Arlington.
  • Contemporary Texas

    Texas receives its lowest ever recorded rainfall.
  • Texas Government

    On December 29 the U.S. Congress officially admits Texas to the Union and approves its first state constitution.
  • Texas Government

    Texans adopt the constitution that governs the state today.
  • Texas Government

    James Stephen Hogg-the first native-born Texan to become governor- is elected.
  • Texas Government

    The Texas legislature passes the first ste law requiring children to attend school.
  • Texas Government

    Women are allowed to serve on Texas juries for the first time.
  • Texas Government

    A major attempt to adopt a new Texas constitution fails.
  • Texas Government

    The Texas state government employs more than 230,000 people in more than 200 agencies, with a two-year budget totaling more than $98 billion.
  • Texas Government

    Rick Perry becomes the longest-serving governor in Texas history. He was elected governor again in 2010.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    Texans cast their first votes as U.S. citizens in a presidential election.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    Edmund J. Davis is elected governor, the last Republican to hold the office until Bill Clements was elected in 1978.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    After decades of fighting for the right to vote, women are allowed to vote in Texas primary elections.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    A Texas law establishing white primaries is struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court in Smith V. Allwright.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    Texan Barbara Jordan is elected to the U.S. House of representatives. She is the firs black woman from the South to serve in Congress.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    Rual Gonzalez is elected to the Texas Supreme Court. He is the first Mexican American elected to statewide office.
  • Local Government and Citizenship

    Based on the 2010 Census, Texas gains four new seats in Congress.
  • The Texas Economy

    The Spindletop oil strike spurs the growth of the Texas oil industry.
  • The Texas Economy

    The Southern Aircraft Corporation, the first airplane manufacturer in Texas, is formed.
  • The Texas Economy

    The Manned Space Center, now the Johnson Space Center, is built in Houston.
  • The Texas Economy

    Texas Instruments releases the first handheld calculator.
  • The Texas Economy

    The North American Free Trade Agreement is passed, easing trade among the U.S., Mexico, and Canada.
  • The Texas Economy

    Texas exports more than $134 billion worth of goods.