CIERI1 Paul By paulmartin Jan 1, 1519 Pineda explores the Texas Coast Pineda migrates to the New World to discover Texas and its beauty. He kills Natives who attack him and his men. He is successful in settling in Texas Territory. Period: Jan 1, 1519 to Jan 1, 2000 Texas History Jan 1, 1600 Apaches Arrive in Texas Apaches begin to settle in Texas Territory. They spread out through most of Texas. Apaches begin a new way of life. Jan 1, 1721 Los Adaes becomes the new capital of Texas. Los Adaes becomes the very first capital of Texas in 1721. Texas is not independent though. They begin a new government. Jan 1, 1722 San Antonio becomes the new capital of Texas. It took only one year for San Antonio to become the new capital of Texas. The New Capital is acknowledged by many of the citizens. Texas is not independent yet. Jan 1, 1800 Cherokees settle in Texas. Cherokees spread their numbers throughout Texas Territory. They find new resources. Cherokees adapt to their new home. Jan 1, 1800 Kickapoos settle in Texas Kickapoo Tribes spread across Texas. The tribes adapt to living in Texas. They find new ways of life. Jan 1, 1813 Texas's first newspaper is published. Texas had its first newspaper published. It was published in Nacogdoches. It was called "Gaceta de Texas" and was founded by Jose Alvarez de Toledo. Jan 1, 1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain. Mexico, after years, finally wins independence from Spain. Mexico then tries to take on Texas. They lose the war and all of the land of Texas. Jan 1, 1821 Austin settles in Texas Stephen F. Austin settles in Texas. He played an important role in Texas History. Austin was named after this hero. Jan 1, 1835 The Texas Rangers are formed. The Texas Rangers organization is officially established. It was made by Texas' provisional government. Stephen F. Austin wanted to protect the raided towns, though, not fight the raiders. Jan 1, 1836 Battle of the Alamo Texas fights at San Antonio for independence from Mexico. They try to gain independence. It is one of the most rememberable battles of all in Texas History. Jan 1, 1836 Texas gains freedom Texas wins independence from Mexico. This happened at the Alamo in San Antonio. They form the Republic of Texas. Jan 1, 1836 Declaration of Independence is Adopted. The Texas Declaration of Independence is adopted. It was adopted at Washington-on-the-Brazos. They declared freedom from Mexico. Jan 1, 1837 The Republic is Recognized The Republic of Texas is finally recgonized as its own country. The acknowledgers are the U.S., France, England, the Netherlands, and Belgium. It is highly acknowledged. Jan 1, 1839 Austin becomes new Capitol Austin becomes the newest capitol of Texas. It was dedicated to the hero Stephen F. Austin. It remains as the present capital. Jan 1, 1841 Sam Houston is elected President of the Republic. Sam Houston is elected the President of the newly formed Republic of Texas. The government at this point is weak and fragile. Mexico lost the war and Texas gained freedom. Jan 1, 1844 Anson Jones becomes President of the Republic Anson Jones becomes the new President of the new Republic of Texas. The Government is still at its peak. The Republic is trying to get the United States to accept them. Jan 1, 1845 Texas is accepted. The United States of America accepted the Republic of Texas. Texas becomes the 28th State. Texas, unfortunately, still has slavery. Jan 1, 1850 The Compromise of 1850 Texas had to give up most of its land. It included part of Colorado, Oklahoma, half of New Mexico, and other states. Texas kept its public land. Jan 1, 1850 Texas's First Railroad Operates. The first railroad in Texas begins to run. It was chartered b the state government. Other railroads begin operation in 1853. Jan 1, 1859 Sam Houston is Governor. The Republic of Texas is no more. The new state of Texas has elected Sam Houston as Governor of their state. There is tension now between the North and the South. Jan 1, 1861 Texas joins the Confederacy. Texas had slavery. That meant they would join the Confederate States of America. The Civil War has begun. Jan 1, 1861 Sam Houston Resigns Sam Houston was Governor of Texas twice. He didn't want to secede fromthe Union. He left office. Jan 1, 1865 Slavery Ends. Slavery has ended. It is now banned in all states of the Union, but the Confederacy found a loophole! They would not give up their slaves because of the Emancipation Proclomation. Jan 1, 1865 The War Ends. The Civil War ends in the U.S. Reconstruction begins in the Condfederacy. Tennessee is accepted into the Union later on. Jan 1, 1870 Edmund J. Davis becomes governor. Edmund J. Davis becomes the governor of Texas. He was the first Republican Governor of Texas. Texas remains as a Republican state. Jan 1, 1876 New State Constitution is made. A new State Constitution is adopted. It was formed because of Reconstruction. It is still the Constitution we use today. Jan 1, 1900 Hurricane hits Galveston. An unexpected hurricane hits the Texas Coast. Many lives were lost. It was the deadliest and most destructive hurricane in U.S. History. Jan 1, 1901 Oil is Discovered. Oil is discovered at Spindletop, Texas. Many gallons of black gold were lost. There was so much pressure that it shot out of the top of the well! Jan 1, 1917 Ferguson is impeached. Governor James Ferguson is impeached. He is also convicted. He leaves office. Jan 1, 1925 Another Ferguson takes office. Miriam "Ma" Ferguson, a woman, becomes Governor of Texas. She is the wife of impeached Governor James Ferguson. She served as a figurehead for her husband. Jan 1, 1936 Texas celebrates 100 years. Texas celebrates 100 years of independence from Mexico. Mexico still has not regained Texas back from the Union. Celebrations occur all across the state. Jan 1, 1953 Dwigh D. Eisenhower becomes President. Dwight D.l Eisenhower became President of the U.S. He was the first Texas-born President. He is greatly admired by us Texans. Jan 1, 1953 Tornado obliterates Waco. A tornado in Waco killed 114 people. It injured 597. 150 homes and 185 other buildings were demolished. Jan 1, 1963 JFK is Assassinated John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the President of the United States at that time. Sadly while on a trip in Dallas, he was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswald. Texas and other states suffer mourning. Jan 1, 1965 NASA opens a space center. NASA opens a space center in Houston, Texas. The state is excited to see it. The new moon landings begin with this center. Jan 1, 1966 Barbara Jordan is in the Senate. Barbara Jordan becomes the first African American senator from Texas. She gave hope to the United States to abolish racism and segregation. Barbara gave an influence to other African Americans. Jan 1, 1969 Man on the Moon NASA puts the first man on the moon. The Space Race has come to a halt as Russia has been dominated by the U.S. The first man on the moon is Neil Armstrong. Jan 1, 2000 Rick Perry becomes Governor Rick Perry became Governor of Texas. Today, he is still the governor. Rick Perry is the longest serving governor in Texas History. Jan 1, 2001 George W. Bush becomes President of the U.S. George W. Bush became President of the United States. He was the son of former president George H.W. Bush. He was the former Governor of Texas. Jan 1, 2001 World Trade Bridge opens. Citizens of Laredo were excited to see a new bridge. The new World Trade Bridge was opened. It connects the U.S. to Mexico. It plays an important role in the HIspanic population in the south.