Revolution/Republic Timeline

  • Frontiersman/Soldier

    Davy Crockett comes to Nacogdoches, Texas, to assist in the Revolutionary War.
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    The Alamo was attacked by the Mexican army under General Santa Anna for 13 days until March 6, and the whole garrison was eventually slaughtered.
  • Texas Declares Independence

    Texas Declares Independence
    In Columbia, the Republic of Texas proclaimed Independence from Mexico.
  • The Goliad Massacre

    The Goliad Massacre
    The Goliad Massacre was a significant and terrible incident in the Texas Revolution. The Goliad Massacre took place on March 27, 1836, when Mexican soldiers murdered over 350 Texan prisoners, including their leader James Fannin.
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    A Mexican army of around 1,200–1,300 soldiers commanded by Santa Anna is defeated by a force of around 900 men led by General Sam Houston. Houston stayed out of the way of the pursuing Mexican army until his Texas army became stronger and more trained.
  • Sam Houston's Election

    Sam Houston's Election
    Sam Houston was elected President of the Republic of Texas.
  • The economic Panic of 1837

    The economic Panic of 1837
    Widespread unemployment, economic slump, devaluation of cotton and paper money, and bank and financial collapses resulted from the 1837 Panic. The crisis, according to President Van Buren, was caused by the cheap availability of credit and wild speculation. To avoid a worsening of the crisis, surplus money was allocated to the states, and treasury notes were produced.
  • Rebellions of 1837

    Rebellions of 1837
    Against the British Crown and the political status quo in each colony of Upper and Lower Canada. Lower Canada's uprising was the most severe and brutal of the two.
  • The Patriot War

    The Patriot War
    Between December 1837 and December 1838, bands of raiders assaulted the British colony of Upper Canada more than a dozen times along the Canada–United States boundary, resulting in the Patriot War.
  • Frederick Douglass Escapes From Slavery

    Frederick Douglass Escapes From Slavery
    Frederick Douglass, an abolitionist, writer, novelist, and human rights champion, escaped slavery on September 3, 1838, by rail and boat from Baltimore to Philadelphia, passing through Delaware.
  • Battle of Blood River

    Battle of Blood River
    The Battle of Blood River was a South African conflict between the Zulu and the Voortrekker Boers. It was sparked by a dispute over property rights in Natal and the Zulu ruler Dingane's murder of Voortrekkers.
  • Battle of the Neches

    Battle of the Neches
    The fight of the Neches was the most important action of the Cherokee War, which started when President Mirabeau B. Chief Bowl rode into the battle on a saddle but descended after his steed was injured and was shot in the leg.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    During The Trail of Tears the United States government violently relocated Native Americans from their native lands in the South to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma. The Natives were moved hundreds of miles to their destination at great threat.
  • Great Raid of 1840

    Great Raid of 1840
    The Great Raid of 1840 was the biggest Indian raid on white communities in the history of what is now the United States, but it took place in the Republic of Texas, not the United States, at the time. One city was completely destroyed by the war party.
  • The Battle of Plum Creek

    The Battle of Plum Creek
    The Council House Conflict, where several Comanche Indian leaders, their wives, and fighters were slaughtered, led to the fight of Plum Creek. The Comanches stormed into the Guadalupe Valley in the summer of 1840, murdering settlers, stealing horses, robbing, and torching towns.
  • The Battle of Bandera Pass

    The Battle of Bandera Pass
    The Texas Rangers of John Coffee Hays beat a considerably bigger Comanche army in the Texas Hill Country, according to the story.
  • President William Harrison

    President William Harrison
    President William Henry Harrison, who had just been in office for a month, died of pneumonia on March 4. His one-month presidency was the shortest in history, and he was the first president of the United States to die in office. Vice President John Tyler succeeds him.
  • Robert Potter

    Robert Potter
    During the Regulator-Moderator War, Robert Potter, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, is killed.
  • Battle of Salado Creek

    Battle of Salado Creek
    The Battle of Salado Creek, fought in 1842, was a significant victory that prevented the Republic of Texas's last Mexican attack. General Adrián Woll, the leader of the French-Mexican forces, fled south and into Mexico as a result of this fight.
  • The Texas Archive War

    The Texas Archive War
    The Texas Archive War erupted in 1842 as a result of an effort to relocate the Republic of Texas national archives from Austin to Houston, as well as President Sam Houston's ambitions to make Houston the state capital.
  • Mier Expedition

    Mier Expedition
    The Mier expedition, the last of the Republic of Texas attacking excursions into the territory south of the Nueces River, was the most catastrophic of the raiding missions from Texas into Mexico. The Somervell expedition, which took Laredo and Guerrero, gave birth to it.
  • The Snively Expedition

    The Snively Expedition
    The Snively Expedition of Texans arrived on the Santa Fe Trail with the hopes of capturing Mexican wagons passing through Texas territory. However, when American forces interfered, the campaign came to a halt.
  • Walker's Creek Battle

    Walker's Creek Battle
    Along the Guadalupe River, a group of fifteen rangers headed by Captian Jack Hays fights a huge band of Comanches in a prolonged battle. One Texan, German refugee Peter Fohr, is murdered, along with about 20 Natives.
  • Anson Jones

    Anson Jones
    The final president of the Republic of Texas, Anson Jones, swore an oath of office.
  • Annexation of Texas

    Annexation of Texas
    In 1845, the United States acquired Texas, making it the 28th state. Texas had been a part of Mexico until 1836 when a group of American immigrants living in Mexican Texas claimed independence from Mexico. The Mexican-American War was precipitated by the acquisition of Texas.