Chapter 14 sections 3 and 4 timeline

  • Period: May 18, 871 to May 18, 899

    Alfred the Great

    the Anglo-Saxon king from 871 to 899. He managed to turn back viking invaders He united England under one rule.
  • May 18, 1016

    Canute

    Danish king in 1016 who conquered England, molding Anglo-Saxons and Vikings into one people.
  • Period: Oct 14, 1042 to Oct 14, 1066

    King Edward rules

    King Edward, a descendant of Alfred the Great, takes the throne and rules until 1066. He then dies without an heir. This caused a great struggle for the throne, leading into one last invasion. The battle of Hastings was fought.
  • Period: May 18, 1154 to May 18, 1159

    Henry ruled England

    Henry ruled England from 1154 to 1189. He strengthened the royal courts of justice by sending royal judges to every part of England at least once a year. He also introduced the jury into English courts.
  • Period: May 18, 1180 to May 18, 1223

    Philip II rules

    Philip II rules from 1180 until 1223. At 15 years of age, he set out to weaken the power of the English kings in France. He eventually conquered much land.
  • Period: May 18, 1199 to May 18, 1216

    Richard dies and John takes throne

    John ruled from 1199 to 1216 and failed as a military leader. His nickname was John Softsword. He lost Normandy and all his lands in northern France to the French under Philip Augustus.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    John agrees to the Magna Carta.

    King John signs the Magna Carta which guaranteed certain basic political rights.
  • Period: May 18, 1226 to May 18, 1270

    King Lous IX ruled

    King Louis IX rules from 1226 to 1270. He was pious and saintly. He was made a saint after he died by the chatholic church. He created a French appeals court which strengthened the monarchy while weakening feudal ties.
  • Period: May 18, 1285 to May 18, 1314

    Philip IV ruled France.

    King Philip IV ruled France from 1285 to 1314. He argued with the pope and went against him and taxed the priests in his kingdom.
  • May 18, 1295

    Edward makes a parliament

    Edward summoned two burgesses from every boroug and two knights from every county to server as a parliament.
  • May 18, 1300

    Pope Boniface VIII attempted to enforce papal authority on kings as previous popes had

    He made an official document that stated that kings must always obey popes. Philip, instead of obeying the pope, held him prisoner in September 1303.
  • May 18, 1305

    Philip IV persuaded the College of Cardinals to choose a French archbishop as the new pope

    He moved from Rome to the city of Avignon in France.
  • Period: May 18, 1337 to May 18, 1453

    Hundred Years' War

    The Hundred Years' War took place. Victory passed back and forth between the two countries for over one hundred years.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Battle of Crecy

    The English army was outnumbered by the French army three times its size. They slaughtered the French .
  • May 18, 1347

    bubonic plague strikes Italy

    A fleet of Genoese merchant ships arrived in Sicily carrying bubonic plague. It swept through Italy and from there followed trade routes to Spain, France, Germany, England, and other parts of Europe and North Africa.
  • May 18, 1414

    Council of Constance attempted to end the Great Schism

    They attempted to end the Great Schism by choosing a single pope, instead of three.
  • May 18, 1415

    Jan Hus was killed

    Jan Hus went against the pope and proclaimed that the bible was of higher importance than the pope's words, and was therefore burned on a stake in 1415.
  • May 18, 1420

    French and English sign a treaty

    French and English signed a treaty stating that Henry V would in
  • Period: May 18, 1421 to May 18, 1453

    The Hundred Years' War ended

    between 1421 and 1453, the French rallied and drove the English out of France entirely, except for the port city of Calais.
  • May 18, 1429

    Joan of Arc felt moved by God

    Joan of Arc felt moved by God to rescue France from its English conquerors. She had visions and voices of saints that told her to drive the English from France and give the French crown to France's true king, Charles VII.
  • May 30, 1431

    Joan was killed

    Condemned as a witch and a heretic because of her claim to hear voices, Joan was burned at the stake.