Period:2,950 BCEto2,575 BCE
Early Dynastic Period (Dynasties l-lll)The Ancient Egyptian civilization begins. The first Pharaoh of Egypt, Menes, united the Upper and Lower parts of Egypt into a single civilization. He put the capitol at the midpoint of the two lands in a city called Memphis. During this time the Egyptians developed hieroglyphic writing which would be important for making records and running the government. Near the end of the Dynastic Period and the start of the Old Kingdom, the 1st pyramid is built by Pharaoh Djoser and the architect Imhotep.
Period:2,575 BCEto2,150 BCE
Old Kingdom (Dynasties lV-Vlll)The fourth dynasty begins and the Great Pyramids of Giza and Sphinx are built. This is often called the Age of the Pyramids. The fourth dynasty is a time of peace and also a time when the sun god Re became prominent in the Egyptian religion.
Period:2,150 BCEto1,975 BCE
First Intermediate Period (Dynasties lX-Xl)Egypt splits back into two countries. The Old Kingdom ends and the first Intermediate Period begins.
Period:1,975 BCEto1,640 BCE
The Middle Kingdom (Dynasties Xl-XlV)The Pharaoh Mentuhotep II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved to the north near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry water from the Nile to their crops.
Period:1,640 BCEto1,520 BCE
Second Intermediate Period (Dynasties XV-XVll)The Middle Kingdom ends and the Second Intermediate Period begins. Some of the dynasties at the end of the Middle Kingdom and during this period only lasts for a short time.The horse and chariot are introduced during this period.
Period:1,520 BCEto1,075 BCE
The New Kingdom (Dynasties XVlll-XX)The New Kingdom is the time of great prosperity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer the most lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches its peak.
Period:1,075 BCEto-653 BCE
Third Intermediate Period (Dynasties XXl-XXlV)The New Kingdom comes to an end, when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
Period:-653 BCEto-332 BCE
Late Period (Dynasties XXV- XXX)The late period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and the locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians.