Period:2,950 BCEto2,575 BCE
Early Dynastic Period Dynasties I-IIIThe ancient Egypt civilization begins. The first pharaoh of Egypt ,Menes, United upper and lower Egypt into one civilization. He put the midpoint of two land at Memphis. During this time the Egyptians developed hieroglyphic writing which would be important for making records and running a government. Near the end of the dynastic period and start of Old Kingdom, the first pyramid is built by pharaoh Djoser and famous Egyptian architect Imhotep.
Period:2,575 BCEto2,150 BCE
Old Kingdom - Dynasties IV-VIIIThe fourth dynasty begins and the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are built. This is often called the age of pyramids. The fourth dynasty is a time of peace and also a time when sun god became prominent in Egyptian religion. The Old Kingdom nears its end as the 7th and 8th dynasties are weak and the government begins to collapse. The end of the Old Kingdom is a time of poverty and famine.
Period:2,150 BCEto1,975 BCE
First Intermediate Period Dynasties IX-XIEgypt splits back into two countries. Old Kingdom ends and the First Indermediate Period begins.
Period:1,975 BCEto1,640 BCE
Middle Kingdom Dynasties XI-XIVThe pharaoh Mentuhopt II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved North near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry water from the Nile River to their crops.
Period:1,640 BCEto1,520 BCE
Second Intermediate Period Dynasties XV-XVIIThe Middle Kingdom ends and the Second Intermediate Period begins. Some of the Dynasties at the end of the Middle Kingdom and during this period only last for a short time. The horse and chariot are introduced during this period
Period:1,520 BCEto1,075 BCE
New Kingdom Dynasties XVIII-XXThe New Kingdom is the time of the greatest prosperity for Ancient Egypt civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer the most lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches Its peak
Period:1,075 BCEto-653 BCE
Third Intermediate Period Dynasties XXI-XXIVThe New Kingdom comes to an end when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by the Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
Period:-653 BCEto-332 BCE
Late Period Dynasties XXV-XXXThe Late Period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians