The Lancaster DynastyThe younger line of the English royal Plantagenet dynasty, which gave the country three kings: Henry IV, Henry V and Henry VI. The line appeared in 1267, when Edmund the Crusader, the second son of Henry III, was granted the title of Earl of Lancaster.
Period: 1399 to 1413
Henry IV BolingbrokeHe rebelled against King Richard II and seized the throne (1399).
He became the first ruler after the Norman Conquest, whose native language was English, not French.
The visit of Manuel II Palaiologos (1400-1401) to the country was the only Byzantine emperor who ever visited England.
The Epiphany plot (1400) to assassinate Henry IV was exposed and successfully prevented.
In fact, the Rebellion of Owain Glyndwr in Wales (1400-1413) was suppressed.
Period: 1413 to 1422
Henry V of MonmouthThe end of Owain Glendur's Rebellion in Wales (1415).
The resumption of the Hundred Years' War. Victory over the French army in the Battle of Agincourt (1415). The Treaty of Troyes was concluded (1420) — the defeat of France in the Hundred Years' War and its actual annexation to England
Period: 1422 to 1461
Henry VI The MadHe was the only English monarch who was officially crowned as King of France (1431).
The Inquisition process of Jeanne d’Ark and its burning (1431).
Many educational institutions were founded — Lincoln College (1427), All Souls College (1438) and Magdalen College at Oxford University (1458), Eton College (1440), King's College (1441) and Queen's College in Cambridge (1448).
The York DynastyThe royal dynasty, a branch of the Plantagenets who came to power in England during the Wars of the Roses and ruled from 1461 to 1485 (with a break in 1470-1471).
Period: 1461 to 1470
Edward IV of YorkHe seized the throne during the War of the Roses and thus became the first king of England from the York dynasty.
Ecclesiastical courts are forbidden to interfere in secular affairs and challenge the decisions of the monarch.
The Council of the North was created (1472) — an administrative body designed to ensure government control and economic prosperity of Northern England.
Period: 1483 to 1485
Richard IIIRichard III managed to proclaim the sons of Edward IV illegitimate and thus become king.
The Duke of Buckingham's Rebellion was suppressed (1483).
A "Court of Inquiry" was established (1483), to which poor people who did not have the means for legal representation could complain.
The Tudor DynastyThe royal dynasty of England in 1485-1603. It comes from the Welsh noble family ap Tudur, named after Tudur ap Goronwy (val. Tudur ap Goronwy, 1310-1367), whose family has long owned lands on the island of Anglesey
Period: 1485 to 1509
Henry VII TudorHe became king of England as a result of winning the power struggle with Richard III, and founded a new Tudor dynasty that ruled the country for just over 100 years.
The corps of royal bodyguards "Emen" was created, one of the oldest in the UK (1485).
The Rebellion of Stafford and Lovell (1486) was suppressed.
The reign of Henry VII turned out to be one of the most peaceful epochs in the history of England; the English Renaissance began.
Period: 1509 to 1547
Henry VIII Defender of the FaithMany educational institutions were founded — Brasenose College (1509), Corpus Christi College (1517) and Christ Church in Oxford (1524) and St. John's College (1511) and Trinity College in Cambridge (1546). Manchester Grammar School (1515) has been opened — the largest independent day school for boys in the UK.
One of the largest ships of its time and the flagship of the English fleet "Mary Rose" (1510) was launched.
Period: 1547 to 1553
Edward VI the YoungAt his young age, he took a detailed interest in all state affairs and was a staunch Protestant; he was well educated, knew Latin, Greek and French, translated from Greek.
The first two Acts of Uniformity (1549, 1552) were adopted, which established a single Book of Common Prayers for the Church of England and became the main tool for the introduction of the established Anglican Church.
Period: 1553 to 1558
Mary I the BloodyShe won the Succession Crisis (1553) between her and Jane Grey, who managed to recover in just 9 days, and became the first crowned Queen of England.
To solve the problem with the collection of taxes, a "Tariff Book" was created (1558), detailing customs duties levied on imports and exports, the proceeds of which went to the crown; it was not revised until 1604.
Wyatt's Rebellion was suppressed (1554).