Middle ages

Middle Ages Timeline

  • Sep 13, 700

    Musical Notation

    The ancestors of modern symbolic musical notation originated in the Roman Catholic Church, as monks developed methods to put plainchant (sacred songs) to parchment.
  • Sep 13, 1000

    Secular Song

    The music of the troubadour and trouvère, a vernacular tradition of monophonic secular song possibly accompanied by instruments and singers. Guillaume d'Aquitaine was one of the well known troubadours. Themes were mostly of chivalry and courtly love.
  • Sep 13, 1050


    The harp was first used in europe in 1050.
  • Sep 3, 1066

    William the Conqueror

    In 1066, William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invades England and becomes King after the Battle of Hastings.
  • Sep 3, 1077

    Tower of London

    Tower of London
    The construction of the Tower of London in London, England begins.
  • Sep 3, 1095

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    First Crusade preached by Pope Urban II in 1095, in response to a request by the Byzantine empire
  • Sep 13, 1098

    Hildegard Von Bingen

    She was an early female composer from Germany. Most of her composing is written in plainsong. She was also a nun, and a writer.
  • Sep 13, 1150


    The Notre Dame school of polyphony was the center of activity. Rhythmic notation first appeared in this period. This is also when the motet was initially developed.
  • Sep 14, 1485


    The lyre is first used in northern and central europe. It was adapted from Greece.
  • Gregorian chant

    It is a form of monophonic liturigical music. It is named after Pope Gregory I, who was Bishop of Rome during this time.
  • Organum

    The organum is developed in 695. It is an early form of counterpoint.
  • Church Mode

    The Church Mode, also known as the Gregorian Mode, is a pitch mode for the Gregorian chant. It is one of eight. Two characteristic pitches are final and cofina;.