The Middle East & The Ottoman Empire

  • Jan 1, 1300

    Demise of Seljuk Sultanate of Rum

    Because of the Demise of the Sultenate of Rum, the Turkish Anatolia was now a union of Independent States, called the Ghazi Emirates. The Ottoman capital is now moved to Bursa, shaping the early political development.
  • Jan 1, 1387

    City of Thessalanoiki Captured

    The city of Thessalanoiki is captured by the Venetians.
  • Jan 1, 1389

    Battle of Kosovo

    Turkish Victory effectively marked the end of power in the Serbian Region, paving the way for expansion.
  • Jan 1, 1396

    Battle of Nicopolis

    Widely regarded as the last large-scale crusade of the Middle-Ages, it failed to stop the Ottoman Emipre.
  • Jan 1, 1402

    Battle of Ankara

    The Byzantines were, for a short time, relieved when Tamerlane invaded Anatolia with the Battle of Ankara.
  • Jan 1, 1402

    Civil War Begins

    With the capture of Bayezid I, the state fell into a frenzy and a... CIVIL WAR.
  • Jan 1, 1413

    Civil War Ends

    When Mehmed I emerged as the sultan and restored Ottoman power, the civil war ended.
  • May 29, 1453

    Constantinople (Present Day: Istanbul) Captured

    Grandson of Mehmed I, called Mehmed the Conqueror, reorganized the State and Military, deomnstrating his martial-power by capturing Constantinople.
  • Jul 28, 1480

    Ottoman Forces Occupy Parts of te Italian Peninsula

  • May 3, 1481

    Mehmed II Dies

  • Jan 1, 1512

    Selim I Begins Rule

  • Jan 1, 1520

    Selim I's Rule Ends

  • Jan 1, 1520

    Suleiman the Magnificent Begins Rule

  • Jan 1, 1521

    Belgrade is Captured

  • Jan 1, 1521

    Battle of Mohacs

  • Jan 1, 1529

    Seige to Vienna

  • Jan 1, 1532

    Another Planned Attack on Vienna

  • Jan 1, 1535

    Ottomans Take Baghdad From the Persians

  • Jan 1, 1547

    Ottoman Ascendency Officially Recognized

  • Jan 1, 1566

    Suleiman the Magnificent Ends Rule

  • Revolts and Revival Ends

  • Stagnation and Reform Begins

  • Pruth Campaign

  • Stagnation and Reform Ends

  • Decline and Modernization

  • Crimean War

  • Period of Decline and Modernization Ends

  • Period of Dissolution Begins

  • Young Turk Revolution

  • Armistice of Mudros

  • The Sultanate is Abolished

  • The Last Sultan, Mehmed VI Vahdettin

  • The GNA Officially Declares the Republic of Turkey

  • GNA Grants Descendants of the Ottoman Empire Citizenship