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The Middle Ages

  • 395

    Division of the Roman Empire

    Division of the Roman Empire
    The Roman Empire splits into the Western Roman Empire, with Rome as the capital, and the Eastern (Byzantine) Empre, with Byzantium as the capital.
  • 410

    Visigoths sack Rome

    Visigoths sack Rome
    The city was attacked by the Visigoths, led by Alaric I.
  • 455

    Vandals sack Rome

    Vandals sack Rome
    The sack of 455 Rome was executed by the Vandals, who were then at war with the usurping Western Roman Emperor Petronius Maximus.
  • 476

    Fall of Western Roman Empire

    Fall of Western Roman Empire
    The Western Roman Empire ended officially with the abdication of Romulus Augustus under pressure of Odoacer on 4 September 476.
  • Jun 16, 793

    The Viking Age begins

    The Viking Age begins
    In England the Viking Age began dramatically when Vikings destroyed the abbey on Lindisfarne, a center of learning famous across the continent.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    The Great Schism

    The Great Schism
    The Great Schism was the split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches. The Great Western Schism occurred in in Western Christendom from 1378 - 1417.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings
    The leaders of the Battle of Hastings were Duke William of Normandy and King Harold of William. The Normans win the Battle of Hastings and the Norman conquest of England follows.
  • Jan 1, 1077

    The Bayeux Tapestry

    The Bayeux Tapestry
    The Bayeux Tapestry is not actually a tapestry at all - it is an embroidery. Coloured wool was used to embroider important scenes which led up to the Norman invasion of England and the Battle at Hastings in 1066.
  • Jan 1, 1086

    Domesday Book

    Domesday Book
    William the Conqueror ordered this Norman survey of all the lands and possessions of England in order to assist with the Norman administration of England and impose relevant taxes. It also enabled William the Conqueror the ability to ensure that all landholders and tenants swore allegiance to him - a major requirement of feudalism or the Feudal System.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1099

    First Crusade

    The First Crusade was a military expedition by Western Christianity to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant, ultimately resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The charter is considered to be the beginning of constitutional government in England. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant. The influence of Magna Carta can be seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
  • Jan 1, 1346

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    The Black Death victims in the Middle Ages were terrified of the deadly disease. The plague held a massive mortality rate between 30 and 40%. Victims had no idea what had caused the disease. Neither did the physicians in the Middle Ages.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1377 to Jan 1, 1453

    Hundred Years' War

    One of the most important historical events of the Medieval era is the Hundred Years War. The Hundred Years War was fought between between England and France and later Burgundy. Joan of Arc was a major figure in the Hundred Years War.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1455 to Jan 1, 1485

    The Wars of the Roses

    The Wars of the Roses were intermittent civil wars fought by members of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Both houses were branches of the Plantagenet royal house, tracing their descent from King Edward III. The rivalry between the house of York and the House of Lancaster started when King Richard II was overthrown by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster, in 1399.
  • Jan 1, 1485

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance
    The Renaissance is a period in the history of Europe following the Medieval period, also known as the Middle Ages.