Key Inventions of the Industrial Revolution Era

  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    -Invented by James Hargreaves
    -Used to weave cloth together to make clothing.
    -Increased clothing production and the need for cotton.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    -Invented by James Watt.
    -Engine powered by steam from boiling water.
    -Used in boats and trains for transportation.
    -Used in mills to power looms.
  • Thresher

    -Invented by Andrew Meikle.
    -Separates grains from the stalk.
    -Increased production in agricultural industry and farming trade.
  • Factory System

    Factory System
    -Samuel Slater secretly brought the ideas to America.
    -Hundreds of people work in one place manufacturing products.
    -People move to the city, work by the clock, and earn a wage.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    -Invented by Eli Whitney.
    -Separates seed from cotton.
    -Increased demand for cotton, which increased demand for slaves.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    -Invented by Eli Whitney.
    -Replacement pieces of exact specifications. Parts that are exactly alike.
    -Production became faster.
    -Repairs easier and cheaper.
    -Decreased need for skilled labor.
  • Steamboat

    -Invented by Robert Fulton.
    -Boats powered by steam engines rather than water wheels.
    -Transportation became easier and cities such as St. Louis developed. Aided in westward expansion.
  • National Road

    National Road
    -Proposed by Robert Gallatin.
    -Road built from Maryland to Virginia.
    -Easier route through the Appalachian Mountains.
    -Allowed people to move about the country easier and aided with settlement of new areas.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    -Proposed by John Calhoun.
    -Waterway that linked NY city with Buffalo.
    -Opened up Ohio for transportation of farm products and development.
    -Westwar expansion made easier.
  • Mechanical Reaper

    Mechanical Reaper
    -Invented by Cyrus McCormick.
    -Cut ripe grains.
    -Made production 24 times faster.
  • Steel Plow

    Steel Plow
    -Invented by John Deere.
    -Steel plow did not break or dull in the hard clay or rocky soil.
    -Increased production and seddlers expanded west.
  • Telegraph

    -Invented by Samuel Morse.
    -Device used to send messages.
    -Improved communications by making it faster.
    -Connected regions of the county together.