WWI Timeline By rsanthony Jul 19, 1870 France Loses Alsace and Lorraine to Germany This loss was a major cause of anti-German feeling in France, and also caused many economic problems. Jan 1, 1871 Germany Officially Unified The Franco-Prussian War ended in French defeat, which resulted in the unification of Germany. May 20, 1882 Triple Alliance Formed An alliance between Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy, opposing the Triple Entente between Britain, France, and Russia Feb 8, 1904 Russo Japanese War A very important and pivotal war of the twentieth century that resulted in Japanese victory. Aug 31, 1907 Triple Entente Alliance Formed The alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente. Oct 6, 1908 Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia Bosnia, normally under Ottoman control, was now under the control of Austria and Hungarian power. This created a crisis caused by tension. Feb 20, 1912 Bolsheviks emerge as a Political Group A faction of the Marxist social party who split away and formed the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Jan 1, 1914 Trotsky Flees Russia Leon Trotsky was a communist leader and writer who was forced to flee Russia in the beginning of WWI. Jun 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assasinated The assasination of the archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, of Austria, triggered a chain reaction of events that led to WWI. Jul 28, 1914 Austria Declares War on Serbia This war was in response to the assasination of the Austrian archduke and his wife. This war ultimately triggered WWI. Aug 2, 1914 Ottoman–German Alliance An alliance between the Ottoman and Germanic powers created shortly after the outbreak of WWI. It was made as a mutual benefit for military security and safe entrances. Aug 2, 1914 Schlieffen Plan Put into Action The put into operation when the German Army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium Aug 15, 1914 Japan Declares War on Germany This event declared war on Germany, and requested that all German ships be removed from Japanese ports. Aug 26, 1914 Battle of Tannenberg One of the earliest WWI battles fought between Germany and Russia, this battle ended in the decisive victory of Germany, and the weakening of Russian forces. Sep 10, 1914 Battle of Marne One of the First World War battles that resulted in the victory of the Allies against Germany. Dec 1, 1914 Russian Army Ran Out of Ammunition Massive death took place when Russia ran out of ammunition, and also experienced a lack of surgeons. Jan 1, 1915 Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Commences Starting in 1915, this type of warfare involves the sinking of ships by submarines without warning. Germany started this warefare, which went against may customary rules. Feb 19, 1915 Battle of Gallipoli An unsuccessful attempt during WWI by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia. May 7, 1915 Lusitania Sinks This British vessel was torpedoed by a German submarine and sunk within minutes. Feb 21, 1916 Battle of Verdun A WWI battle between Germany and France that resulted in French victory, after attack upon their defensive forces. May 31, 1916 Battle of Jutland A naval battle fought in the North Sea that ended in the probable victory of Britain. Jan 19, 1917 Zimmerman Telegram Found A diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join an alliance with Germany in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany. Mar 1, 1917 Revolution Overthrows Austro-Hungarian Emperor The February Revolution allowed the weakening and disbandment of the Hungarian powers. Apr 2, 1917 US Declares War on Germany War was declared on Germany only hours after Germany declared war on the United States. Jul 31, 1917 Battle of Passchendaele A battle between Germnay and the Allied Forces. Oct 1, 1917 October Revolution A seizure of state power in Russia that was very instrunmental to the larger picture of the Russian Revolution. Nov 1, 1917 Vladimir Lenin Seized Control of Russia The leader of the Bolsheviks, who seized control during monumental revolutions that occured in Russia. Nov 2, 1917 Balfour Declaration This was a letter that declared that the British favored a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Jan 1, 1918 Influenza Epedemic This was a pandemic that swept the world, causing massive amounts of death and disease. Jan 18, 1918 Fourteen Points Proposed A speech by President Wilson, he stated that the war was being fought for peace and moral causes in Europe. Mar 3, 1918 Russia Signed Treaty of Brest-Litovsk This was a peace treaty signed between Germany and the Allies. Jul 1, 1918 Battle of Somme One of the biggest and most bloody WWI battles, that resulted in the improvment of British offesnvie tactics. Nov 9, 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II Abdicates He was the last German emeror, and he resignation was heavily relied upon. Nov 11, 1918 Armistice Signed The armistice was a contract between Germany and the Allies to create peace. May 7, 1919 Treaty of Versailles Signed A treaty presented to Germany which ended WWI. Sep 10, 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain A peace treaty between the Allies and the Republic of German-Austria, which was not ratified by the United States. Jan 1, 1921 New Economic Policy This policy was instituted to combat the harmful effects of War Communism. Jan 1, 1923 Germany Stops Reparation Payments to France The payments that were required by Germany to repair the damage of WWI. When Germany decided to stop paying these, French and Belgian troops invaded the country. Jan 1, 1924 Stalin Takes Power An important Russian dictator's whose seizue of control took place through the gradaual progression of many years. Mar 1, 1936 Russia-Germany Pact Violated Versailles The treaty was violated by Germany while reoccupying the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland.