Timeline of the World at War and Beyond

  • The Balkan Wars

    The Balkan Wars
    A series of wars in the Balkans strained relationships between Austria-Hungary and Serbia.
  • Web of Alliances

    Web of Alliances
    By 1914, Europe split into two alliance systems. The Triple Entente of France, Russia, and Great Britain, and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy(soon to be replaced by the Ottoman Empire).
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Franz Ferdinand and his wife were killed by Gavrilo Princip, a young revolutionary assassin from Bosnia, was linked to the Serbian army.
  • Austria Declares War!

    Austria Declares War!
    After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria declared war on Serbia. This sparked all of the alliances to slowly begin to fight other nations.
  • America Joins the War

    America Joins the War
    The US declared war on Germany for many different reasons: the sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman Telegraph, and British propaganda.
  • Russia Signs Treaty with Germany

    Russia Signs Treaty with Germany
    In 1918, Russia signs seperate peace with Germany, which was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles
    In November, 1918, Germany and the Allied Powers signed an armistice to end the war. The actual war didn't end until the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919.
  • Cost of the War

    Cost of the War
    Since Germany lost the war, they were treated terribly. Germany was forced to pay $31.5 million for war damages, lost land, and their millitary. Germany's debt was finally paid off in October, 2010.
  • US Becomes World Superpower

    US Becomes World Superpower
    The European economy was left in ruins and the US emerged as the dominant world power.
  • The Spanish Flu

    The Spanish Flu
    Once the war was over, and the soldiers came home, they brought home viruses from the trenches. The pandemic killed around 22-30 million people worldwide.
  • Debt After the War

    Debt After the War
    Most nations were deep in debt after the war, which affected the international economy.
  • The Roaring 20's

    The Roaring 20's
    American factories were supplying most of the world's manufactured goods, and American workers were making more money than they used to.
  • Confidence in the Economy

    Confidence in the Economy
    Americans were borrowing and spending too much, and people were getting credit. People were also making careless investments.
  • Product Surplus

    Product Surplus
    Factories and farms wer producing faster than they could sell, which made their prices go down.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    The Stock Market Crash of 1929 was the worst crash in the history of the US, and signaled the years of struggle to bring the economy back up.
  • First Hundred Days/New Deal

    First Hundred Days/New Deal
    Franklin D. Roosevelt issued many executive orders that instituted the New Deal---a variety of programs designed to create relief, reform, and recovery for the US.
  • Social Security Act of 1935

    Social Security Act of 1935
    The act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, promoted public building projects, and created more jobs.
  • Hitler's actions

    Hitler's actions
    Hitler was slowly taking over other nations in Europe: Czechoslovakia, Austria, Rhineland, and Poland.
  • Failure of the League of Nations

    Failure of the League of Nations
    The league of nations was a good idea, but there were some flaws in the plan. Not all countries joined the League, the League had no power, the League had no army, and they were unable to act quickly.
  • Britain and France Declare War

    Britain and France Declare War
    Britain and France declared war on Germany following Germany's invasion of Poland.
  • Germany's Lightning Attack

    Germany's Lightning Attack
    Hitler launched the invasion of Poland using Blitzkreig(lightning war) and used planes, tanks, and infantry to suprise the enemy and quickly conquer land.
  • Armistice with Germany

    Armistice with Germany
    France signed an armistice with Germany, allowing German occupation of Northern France and the coast.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Hitler launched Operation Babarossa, consisting of an army of 4 million men spread out along a 2,000-mile front in three offenses.
  • The Depression is Over!

    The Depression is Over!
    The attack on Pearl Harbor brought the US into the war, which ended the Great Depression, and kick-started the economy.
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    Social Security, a program that continues to this day, was introduced by Franklin D. Roosevelt in the midst of the Great Depression.
  • Bringing Back the Stocks

    Bringing Back the Stocks
    After the stock market crash in 1929, it took 27 years to reach pre-crash levels.
  • V-E Day

    V-E Day
    Germany surrenderd unconditionally after Allies troops invaded Normandy in 1944, and started to push Hitler's troops back.
  • Division of Germany

    Division of Germany
    At the Potsdam Conference, Germany was divided into four military occupation zones---France in the southwest, Britain in the northwest, the United States in the south, and the Soviet Union in the east.
  • V-J Day

    V-J Day
    Emperor Hirohito surrenders after multiple nuclear attacks in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan signed a formal surrender on September 2 in Tokyo Bay.
  • The United Nations

    The United Nations
    After two World Wars, the world finally decided to create the United Nations to help promote world peace and equality.