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World War 1 Timeline

By harki.d
  • Archduke and Archduchess Visit Sarajevo

    Archduke and Archduchess Visit Sarajevo
    On Sunday, 28 June 1914, the 50-year-old heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, the Countess Sophie, paid an official visit to Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia, to inspect troops of the Austrian-Hungarian army.
  • Gavrilo Princip Fired Two Shots

    Gavrilo Princip Fired Two Shots
    A Serbian terrorist group (named the Black Hand) had heard about the news of the Archduke’s visit and had planned several attacks to end his life. A terrorist threw a grenade which exploded on the car after the Archduke’s. Archduke and his wife were unhurt but some of his attendants were injured. on the way there, the driver took a wrong. Gavrilo took this chance & fired two bullets, the1st hit the pregnant Sophia, and the 2nd hit Archduke killing both of them.
  • Gavrilo Princip is Arrested

    Gavrilo Princip is Arrested
    After the shooting Princip made to turn his gun upon himself but was seized by a man nearby, aided by several policemen. He was arrested and taken to a police station.
  • Period: to

    How the War Started?

  • Austria-Hungary Sends Ultimatum to Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Sends Ultimatum to Serbia
    Ambassador of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to Serbia, delivers an ultimatum to the Serbian foreign ministry. Its ultimatum comprised a lengthy list of demands made upon the Serbian government. Serbia was to allow austria-hungrary to investigate the assasination within Serbia's border. Serbia was given only 48 hours to decide on whether to accept the ultimatum. Refusal certainly meant war.
  • Serbia Agrees to Two of the Three Terms of the Ultimatum

    Serbia Agrees to Two of the Three Terms of the Ultimatum
    Serbia refused to accept the parts of the ultimatum that allowed Austrian troops or police into Serbia. It asked that other powers like France and Germany help resolve this disagreement. Austria-Hungary refused to accept this and declared war.
  • Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia
    One month after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were killed by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, officially beginning the first world war.
  • Russia Mobilizes to Defend Serbia

    Russia Mobilizes to Defend Serbia
    Russia, as an ally of Serbia, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs the order to mobilize his army, to defend Serbia from the Austria-Hungary.
  • France Mobilizes to Support its Russian Ally

    France Mobilizes to Support its Russian Ally
    France was Russia's ally, and had promised to join Russia in war.
  • Germany Orders France and Russia to Stop Mobilizing

    Germany Orders France and Russia to Stop Mobilizing
    The Russian mobilization was quickly reported to the German Kaiser, who stated that there exists " a state of danger of war." Kaiser sent an ultimatum to the Russians demanding that they stop all mobilization activities or face war.
  • Germany Declares War on Russia

    Germany Declares War on Russia
    Germany, honoring th alliance with Austria-Hungary. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia in response to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Serbian nationalists. Russia was allies with Serbia, and everyone, including Germany, knew Russia would soon declare war on Austria-Hungary.
  • Germany's Schlieffen Plan and Attacks France through Neutral Belguim

    Germany's  Schlieffen Plan and Attacks France through Neutral Belguim
    The plan (the Schlieffen Plan) has Germany attacking France through Belgium. Germany demands that Belgium allow its troops passage across their country.
  • Germany Declares War on France

    Germany Declares War on France
    Germany attacked Russia, and they knew France would honour its alliance with Russia. Since a war on two fronts was inevitable, they decided to strike first on France
  • Germany Invades Belgium (Schlieffen Plan)

    Germany Invades Belgium (Schlieffen Plan)
    on August 2nd, An ultimatum was sent to Belgium from germany. The ultimatum demanded free passage of the German army through Belgiumor else she would be at war with Germany. The Belgians were given twelve hours to decide. Belgium had signed a major treaty with several nations stating that they would protect her. Germany, France and England had all signed the treaty. When the twelve hours were up, Belgium refused Germany's demand and called upon nations - England, France and Russia for help.
  • Britain Declares War on Germany

    Britain Declares War on Germany
    It took the German threat to Belgium for Britain to
    be involved.The British government sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding it respect Belgium's independence. There was to be no answer from the Germans. On, 4 August 1914, England declared war upon Germany
  • Canada is Automatically at War Against Triple Alliance

    Canada is Automatically at War Against Triple Alliance
    When England declared war, she also brought the full weight of the British Empire to bear upon the situation. Countries like Canada, Australia and India were all to play an important role in the allied war effort and were automatically at war against the Tripple Alliance.
  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor

    Hitler Becomes Chancellor
    In the election of late 1932 the Nazis won 37 per cent of the vote, and became the largest single party in the Reichstag. Hitler demanded the right to become Chancellor, but President Hindenburg appointed Franz von Papen instead. Papen was later replace by Schleicher’s government which was also unable to control the regain power, Papen struck a deal to make Hitler Chancellor, and himself as the Vice-Chancellor.
  • Nuremberg Laws in effect against Jews

    Nuremberg Laws in effect against Jews
    Nuremberg laws were laws made my the Nazis taking away rights from jewish citizens. if you had more than three jewish grandparents, you were considered a jew, even if you didn't not practice that religion. Some of the laws were; Jews were not allowed to fly the German flag, and marriages between Germans and Jews was prohibited. Hitler also used these laws to blame the Jews for the economic crisis.
  • Italy, Germany & Japan- Anti-Comintern Pact Against Russia

    Italy, Germany & Japan- Anti-Comintern Pact Against Russia
    Anti-comintern Pact with Italy and Japan Hitler hate communism and Jews. Russia was communism. Hitler wants to expand his territory into Russia and he realize he has to fight the Russian communist in order to get what he aim for. And this result in he has get Japan and Italy into the Anti-comintern Pact. Anti-Comintern Pact : Is a pact that against the activities of the communist international, conclude between Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan. The 3 agreed to fight communism & target was the USSR.
  • Anschluss - Germany Takes Over Austria

    Anschluss - Germany Takes Over Austria
    Hitler had taken Austria without firing a single shot. Conclusion, Hitler always see Austria as a being part of Germany. That's why Hitler wanted to take over Austria to expand Germany territory, to make Germany stronger than the other country and to abolish the treaty of Versailles with the help from Italy. After Hitler had been successful take over Austria he made the Anschluss to expand the Third Reich. Hitler threatened Austria to give or they would invade. Austria was forced to resigned.
  • German takeover of Czechoslovakia

    German takeover of Czechoslovakia
    The Nazis, led by Hitler, were fighting for National Socialism
    and tried to take over much of Europe in World War II.
    Then, Hitler threatened a bombing raid against the Czech capital, Prague, unless German troops obtained free passage into Czech borders. He got it.
  • German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

    German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
    The German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was signed only days before the beginning of WW2 for Germany to invade Poland without opposition. The pact contained a secret agreement in which the Soviets and Germans agreed how they would later divide up Eastern Europe. It made sure that Germany would not have to deal with Soviet opposition for the incoming war.
  • Germany invades Poland with 1st Blitzkrieg Warfare

    Germany invades Poland with 1st Blitzkrieg Warfare
    Prior to the invasion,Britain & France had agreed with Germany that the borders of Poland were not to be touched.When Germany broke that agreement and invaded Poland, Britain & France both declared war on Germany.This occasion was identified as the event that initiated the start of WWII.This was the first attempt of the German military tactic,Blitzkrieg. It was a violent, fast paced strategy that in turn prompt Germany's success.Due to the use of Blitzkrieg,Poland surrendered just weeks after.
  • Germany invades Poland with 2nd Blitzkrieg warfare

    Germany invades Poland with 2nd Blitzkrieg warfare
    The on Sep. 3rd 1939, France and Great Britain declare war on Germany. Germany used quick strikes called blitzkrieg, meaning lightning war, to take over much of western Europe including the Netherlands, Belgium, and northern France.
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    Battle was between allied and German forces.On the allied side, this mainly included Canada, US and Britain. On the German side, It was solely German and Italy. The 'Wolf pack" was a submarine game play to attack allied merchant ships. 1 of the"U-BOAT" was targeted. hat U-boat sent a radio message on its location to all other U-boats, who would close in for the kill. Canada, by using a plan that consisted of surrounding the merchant ships with battle ships to escort the supplies to Britain.
  • Canada declares war on Germany

    Canada declares war on Germany
    In 1939, a newspaper headline stated, "Canada Declares War!". This newspaper was sent out on Monday, Septmeber 11th, 1939
    One week later, Canada, declares war on Germany. This was a special occasion for Canada because it was the first time Canada declared war on our own behalf. We were also the only country in North and South America to declare war against Hitler at that time. When Canada declared war only about 10,000 soldiers were in the Canadian armed force.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    This took place in the United Kingdom airspace. Germany was attempting to take over Britain's air space. Britain fought back with the help of the allies. Canada later sent in part of their air force to assist Britain.
  • Invasion of Soviet Union

    Invasion of Soviet Union
    The German army, led by Adolf Hitler, invaded the Soviet Union along with their Romanian, Hungarian, and Italian allies. invaded the Soviet Union and was the largest German military operation of World War II. The Germans wanted the Prime land, they wanted to destroy the Communist threat to Germany, and to destroy the Soviet Union using military force.
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    o protest Japanese invasions in Asia, the United States stopped sending oil, airplanes, metals, aircraft parts, and aviation gasoline to Japan. Japan decided to invade. Japanese airplanes attacked the base with machine guns and bombs. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor lasted about 2 hours. December 8, Congress declared war on Japan, and the United States entered World War II. 8 battleships were destroyed or severely damaged. 180 planes were destroyed.
  • Japanese-Canadian Internment

    Japanese-Canadian Internment
    After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, several rights/freedoms were violated for many Japanese living in Canada. . The homes of Japanese Canadians were sold without their consent. And the Japanese Canadians were forced to live in one of the ten Internment camps in Canada, and all had terrible living conditions.
  • Battle of El Alamein

     Battle of El Alamein
    This war took place in the deserts of North Africa. The allies were the winners. They had the upper hand in general and was able to help themselves more than the opposing side. The commanders in the war included none other than Adolf Hitler himself and also Erwin Rommel and Montgomery .
  • Dieppe Raid

    Dieppe Raid
    The raid lasted around 6 hours.The Raid on Dieppe was launched by the Allies (Canadians) to find out what was needed to make a successful invasion across the English Channel. Countries Involved were: Germany, Canada, France and England.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

     Battle of Stalingrad
    Battle of Stalingrad means the turning point of World War II. After this battle the German Army was heavily beat down by the Soviet Army The Story of the Battle The battle took place in Stalingrad , which is now known as Volgograd. It began after German armies began to invade the Soviet Union in order to capture the Caucasus supplies, and hopefully Capture the city of Stalingrad. Surprisingly, the invaders faced strong Russian defenses.
  • Italian Campaign

     Italian Campaign
    Countries include in the raid were alied countries. These allies fought against Germany and the Italian Social Republic. Many successful strategies were used in the Italian Campaign
    One strategy that was used was called the "mouse holing" technique
    This technique involved soldiers taking over many houses and then blasting tunnels and passage ways between them
    this tactic was successful because it was an excellent way for soldiers to avoid open streets.
  • D- Day

    D- Day
    The attack began when allied planes and warships bombarded German positions along the coastline. This was to damage the defences making it easier for the troops to get ashore. D-Day happend because France was occupied by Nazi Germany and needed to be freed. Also It was recognized that the war could not be won without American intervention. So D-Day was organized to put an end to world war II.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    he Soviets were approaching the German capital of Berlin from the east and the Western Allies were approaching it from the west. Knowing that defeat was near Hitler committed suicide, leaving Karl Dönitz to carry out the surrender of the Nazis.
  • Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima

    United States dropped two atomic bombs over the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Hiroshima atomic bomb, nick named Little Boy, was the first ever atomic bomb deployed on another country and killed eighty thousand people from the initial blast.
  • Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki.

    Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki.
    The second bomb was dropped over Nagasaki three days later and killed an estimated forty thousand people from the initial blast. It is estimated that the bombs killed 246,000 people over all. Most of these victims were civilians and militants.