20th Century history

  • Period: to

    France and Germany amries are doubleing

    Competition became imporant when it came to who had the largest army. It was always a fight
  • Germany and Hungary Alliance

    Germany and Hungary Alliance
    Germany make an alliance with Austria-Hungary, this is one of the first Alliances to continue over the WW1
  • Triple Alliance

    Triple Alliance
    Germany-Austrai/Hungary to protect themselves from Italy and Russia
  • Dual Alliance

    Dual Alliance
    Between France and Russia, This also involved a secret treaty.
  • Colonization of Africa

    Colonization of Africa
    Many different parts of the European union owend different parts of africa, which became a problem during the war;
  • Franco Russian Alliance

    Franco Russian Alliance
    Russia-France to protect eachother from Hugary and Germany
  • Naval Challenge

    Naval Challenge
    Germany begins to build up its navy to challenge the British Navy's long-standing global supremacy.
  • Naval Alliance

    Naval Alliance
    Britain and Japan form a naval alliance. improving militarism
  • Britain and France make an agreement to better themelves

    Britain and France make an agreement to better themelves
    The British reach a strategic agreement with France which includes mutual military support in the event of war.
  • Entente Cordiale

    Entente Cordiale
    This was an agreement between France and Britain and Russia
  • Military defeat for Russia

    Military defeat for Russia
    Russia suffers a military defeat at sea by newly industrialized Japan, thwarting Russia's territorial ambitions toward Manchuria and Korea.
  • Canada before the war (Casual)

    Canada before the war (Casual)
    Canada has a small Permanent Force of regular soldiers. It started with 750 in 1883, and began to increased from time to time until in 1905, they decided to abandon Halifax and
    Esquimalt as Imperial naval bases led to the withdrawal.
    of the last British troops in Canada, it reached a maximum of 5000. This ended up helping Britain out as the war progressed.
  • Russias General Strike

    Russias General Strike
    Continuing political unrest in Russia, including a general strike, results in the creation of a national legislative assembly (Duma) by the Czar.
  • Britains Dreadnought

    Britains Dreadnought
    H.M.S. Dreadnought is launched by Britain, marking the advent of a new class of big-gun battleships. The Germans follow suit and begin building similar battleships as an all-out arms race ensues between Germany and Britain.
  • Anglo-Russian Entente

    Anglo-Russian Entente
    An Agreement between Britain and Russian. This came to help eachother by solidifying boundaries that identified respective control in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet.
  • Stategy takes place between Russian and Britain

    Stategy takes place between Russian and Britain
    The British reach a strategic agreement with Russia, mainly for protection against Russia.
  • Triple Entente (Britain, Russia and France

    Triple Entente (Britain, Russia and France
    Between Russia, France and Britain to protect themselves from Germany.The Triple Entente was created in reaction to the forming of the Triple Alliance, and included Britain, France and Russia.
  • Germany rises to Power

    Germany rises to Power
    Germany surpasses Britain as the leading manufacturing nation in Europe. The United States remains the world leader, surpassing all of the European manufacturing nations combined.
  • Serbia Attacks

    Serbia Attacks
    The Balkan War erupts in southern Europe as Serbia leads an attack by members of the Balkan League (Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece) against the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire to drive the Turks out of Europe.
  • Peace Settlement

    Peace Settlement
    The Balkan War ends with the Turks driven out of southern Europe.
    A peace settlement is then drawn up by the major European powers that divides up the former Turkish areas in southern Europe among the Balkan League nations. losing territory.
  • Bulgaria Fights Back

    Bulgaria Fights Back
    The peace is short-lived as Bulgaria, desiring a bigger share, attacks neighboring Greece and Serbia. Romania then attacks Bulgaria along with the Turks. This Second Balkan War results in Bulgaria losing territory.
  • Assasination of Franz Ferdinand

    Assasination of Franz Ferdinand
    This event triggerd rivalry between many countries
  • Austria vs. Serbia

    Austria  vs. Serbia
    Austria declared war on Serbia
  • WW1 Begins

    WW1 Begins
    WW1 starts after many alliances between European countries. These were to balanace and maintain power, leading into WW1. Countries were working towards larger armies, military forces, arms and battleships. These were hopefully going to contribute to regaining lost territory.
  • Triple Entente

    Triple Entente
    Between Britain, Russia, France. They agreed that no one sign the peace sepreration
  • European Situation -Prior to WW1

    European Situation -Prior to WW1
    the situation in Europe was tense. Secret alliances, internal politics, and the desire to grow empires had built up distrust and dislike between many of the European powers. All it would take was one international event and Europe would be at war.
  • Canada Makes a Move

    Canada Makes a Move
    Canada's position on the war had been made clear on various recent occasions In January 1910 Sir Wilfrid Laurier, then Prime Minister, declared in the House of Commons, "When Britain is at war, Canada is at war. There is no distinction.". And therefore became involved by backing Britain up, because it was part of the British Union. This was not the best decision for Canada because of the things they were dealing with at the time. The soldiers soon flee to fight against Germany.
  • Ottomans defining Moment

    Ottomans defining Moment
    Ottomans manage to succesfully defeat the British in thier attempt to invade and take over Mesopotamia
  • Britains Rise to power

    Britains Rise to power
    Britain manages to succesfully block the north coast of the german empire, cutting off all naval strategys.
  • Russias Defining moment

    Russias Defining moment
    Russias launch was in August 1914, against Germany in East Prussia. This made them rise to power and had the most troop.
  • Austria-Hungary defining moment

    Austria-Hungary defining moment
    Austria-Hungary Launches an invasion on Serbia, this is what triggers and starts WW1
  • Germanys Defining Moment

    Germanys Defining Moment
    Germany invades Belgium and then heads to France, having then divert most of their militray to fight Russia. This takes over Belgium completely. Taking away belgium`s neutrality
  • Italys Defining Moment

    Italys Defining Moment
    After much persuation too join the War Italy is offered many countries all across the Adriatic Sea. They begin to strike against Austria-Hungary. Gaining more power from other countries, im hopes to destroy the boarder between them and hungary
  • Bulgaria Defining moment

    Bulgaria Defining moment
    Bulgaria joins central powers and takes Serbia over completely.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles, ended World War 1, the peace agreement between the Allies and Germany. When WW1 officially ended, Canadians no longer wanted Britain to speak for them. Since Canada had made an important contribution to the war, Prime Minister Robert Borden argued and earned the right to send independent delegates to the negotiating table and the right to sign as the leader of an independent country.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    an intergovernmental organisation that resulted from the Paris Peace conference
  • Effects in the Inter-War years

    Effects in the Inter-War years
    The terms from the treaty created a weak and unstable economy in Germany with mass unemployment and severe rates of inflation. This effected Germany greatly for the next few years.
  • Effects in the Inter-War years

    Effects in the Inter-War years
    The conference did not only effect the european union but also the asian. It sowed the seeds for war in the Pacific. Japan was permitted to keep Chinese territory ,that had been seized from Germany during the war.
  • Effects in the Inter-War years

    Effects in the Inter-War years
    The Paris Peace Conference alienated some of the Allies. Italy was outraged that it received few benefits for joining the Allies.
  • Stalin + Moscow

    Stalin + Moscow
    By 1939 the Soviet union had claimed Moscow–country was completely under Joseph Stalin`s control
  • Making a Deal

    Making a Deal
    August 23 1939 Hitler made a deal with Stalin; the news was recorded in a diary. This was considered a non-aggression pact; the plan/secret was to carve up Eastern Europe
  • Germany takes over Poland (ww2)

    Germany takes over Poland (ww2)
    By this time, after creating the pact with the soviet union,enabled Germany to officially attack Poland.
  • Britain steps in

    Britain steps in
    Shortly after Germanys invasion on Poland, and the bombing, Britain decided to get involved and marched off to war.
  • Poland was conquered

    Poland was conquered
    27 days after the attack on Poland, germany had finally completely conquered Poland. Everything had been destroyed. Thousands of people were barried.
  • Britain prepares

    Britain prepares
    After Britain found out Poland had been completely conquered. they steped back and began to prepare for war/ an attack on them from Germany. They wait many months. this is the beggining of "The phony war".
  • Germany and France

    Germany and France
    May 10 1940, Germany marched into France, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg. British troupes began retreating. France was being burned and destroyed
  • France had been destroyed

    France had been destroyed
    France and many of their allies were beaten, many soldiers were gathered on the beach, listening to the bombs destroying their land. They were terrified, but no one moved because they did not want to be seen. Later they continued on to dover
  • France Surrenders

    France Surrenders
    On the 17th of June France finally surrendered, They had asked to sign a armistice with the Nazis
  • Winston Churchill

    Winston Churchill
    Churchill came into power for Britain. People loved him. His every action symbolized the British spirit. He led them through the War. 1940-1945.
  • Period: to

    Bombing

    heavaist period of bombing, 40,000 people were killed and 2 million homes destroyed , all around Europe
  • End to the Phony War

    End to the Phony War
    After many months of awaiting an attack. The autumn comes where Germany finally invades. London and most everywhere else were being bombed. This was considerd "The War from the skies". everything was in flames, people were losing everything, and Britain was in horror.
  • Germany takes over (ww2)

    Germany takes over (ww2)
    by April 6th of 1941, germany had already began war and were marching through villages, shorty after they had officially occupied Yugoslavia.
  • Britain Wins

    Britain Wins
    Spring of 1941, the battle of Britain was won; German plans for an invasion were postponed .Hitler beings to prepare for another attack, this time an invasion on the Soviet Union, Terror on the East.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    While in Barvaria, ,HIlter by the spring of 1941 had decided to break the non- aggression pact with Stalin. This was the begging of Operation Barbarossa, planning the invasion of the Soviet Union. Operation Barbarossa was the largest invasion force in History.
  • Attack on the Soviet Union

    Attack on the Soviet Union
    June 22 1941, German troops had crossed the boarder of the soviet union.
  • Attack on the Soviet Union

    Attack on the Soviet Union
    Conditions were getting so bad for the soilders. many of the soliers began writing home letting there loved ones know they were not coming home. Many died to soon to send the letters. 3 million soilders were captured. Within 6 months, 600,000 soviet prisoners of war, had died.
  • Hitler

    Hitler
    Hitler visits the eastern front. Many are in panic.
  • Germans Fail

    Germans Fail
    Germany was still failing to conquere Moscow.
  • United states joins the War

    United states joins the War
    The untied states entered the war; this was after the Japanese Bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor pearl, Hawaii. President Roosevelt addressed the nation of this decision. Shortly after the Whole world was in conflict
  • Germany was changing

    Germany was changing
    In the summer of 1942, 265000 women, children and men were taken to the death camp at tripling cur.Prior to this, people were noticing innocent people were being taken, many were being hung all around the city. the jews were being treated horribly, they lived in ghettos, and identified with the star of david. Nazis called it “the Jewish problem” and the only solution was mass murder.
  • Hiter + Stalin

    Hiter + Stalin
    Autumn of 1942 Hitler and Stalin declared there would be ,“no surrender” for anyone.
  • Germany and the Soviet Union

    Germany and the Soviet Union
    The Germans launch a massive tank offensive near Kursk in the Soviet Union. The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.
  • The Tank Battle

    The Tank Battle
    Summer of 1943, a massive tank battle gave the men and women of the army momentum to push the Germans back.
  • Sicily attack

    Sicily attack
    US and British troops land on Sicily. By mid-August, the Allies control Sicily.
  • The Second Front

    The Second Front
    British and US troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans.
  • Soviets launch attack on Belarus

    Soviets launch attack on Belarus
    The Soviets launch a massive offensive in eastern Byelorussia (Belarus), destroying the German Army Group Center and driving westward to the Vistula River across from Warsaw in central Poland by August 1.
  • Liberation

    Liberation
    Allied troops reach Paris. On August 25, Free French forces, supported by Allied troops, enter the French capital. By September, the Allies reach the German border; by December, virtually all of France, most of Belgium, and part of the southern Netherlands are liberated.
  • U.S. land in the Phillippines

    U.S. land in the Phillippines
    US troops land in the Philippines.US troops land in the Philippines.
  • Soviets launch a new offence

    Soviets launch a new offence
    liberating Warsaw and Krakow in January, capturing Budapest after a two-month siege on February 13, driving the Germans and their Hungarian collaborators out of Hungary in early April, forcing the surrender of Slovakia with the capture of Bratislava on April 4, and capturing Vienna on April 13.
  • Soviets last move

    Soviets last move
    The Soviets launch their final offensive, encircling Berlin.
  • Hitler commits suicide

    Hitler commits suicide
    Hitler commits suicide. A day celebrated by many
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    Germany surrenders to the Soviets.
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    Germany surrenders to the western Allies.
  • Hiroshima

    Hiroshima
    The United States drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
  • End of WW2

    End of WW2
    Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II.