The Black Hand was also called Ujedinjenje ili Smrt (Union or Death). Most members were in the Serbian army. Their goal was to create a Greater Serbia, using violence if necessary. They were well-known for political murders. In 1914, Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijevic, or Apis, a major player in the Black hand decided it was time to kill Archduke Ferdinand. He had three men trained for the job, including Gavrilo Princip, who succeeded on June 28 in Sarajevo.