Prussia defeats France and ends French hegemonial dreams. Elsass / Lothringen falls to Germany and is a festering sore point for France, which starts
building massive fortifications between Switzerland and Belgium, Luxemburg, the precursor of the Maginot-line. Germany emerges as the biggest industrial nation and a new power in europe. the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION in Europe has begun. It stands in contrast to the century old feudal system that money is tight to owning land.