Dissolved by the victors at the end of World War I and broken into separate new states
France loses Alsace &Lorraine to Germany
As a result of the Franco=Prussian War of 1870. Bismarck was busy creating the German Empire, and tricked France into the war with the aim of securing those territories and the alliance of others. When ww1 started it was a terriotry.
Germany officially unified
Into a politically and administratively integrated nation state
Triple Alliance Formed
The military alliance among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy, that lasted from 1882 until World War I in 1914. Each member promised mutual support in the event of an attack by any other great power, or for Germany and Italy, an attack by France alone.
"the first great war of the 20th century"
Triple Entente alliance formed
The alliance linking Russia, France, and the United Kingdom . The alliance of the three powers, supplemented by agreements with Portugal and Japan, constituted a powerful counterweight to the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia
The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary announces its annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, dual provinces in the Balkan region of Europe formerly under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
Bolsheviks emerge as a poltical group
Was the only legal, ruling political party in the Soviet Union and one of the largest communist organizations in the world
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated
Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were killed by Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip while on a formal visit to Sarajevo.
Austria Declares War on Serbia
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, effectively beginning the First World War.
Ottoman German Alliance Formed
The alliance was created as part of a joint-cooperative effort that would strengthen and modernize the ailing Ottoman military, as well as provide Germany safe passage into neighboring British colonies.
Schlieffen Plan put into action
Strategic plan for victory in a possible future war in which the German Empire might find itself fighting on two fronts: France to the west and Russia to the east
Japan declares war on Germany
Seized control of Tsingtao
Battle of Tannenberg
An engagement between the Russian and the German Empires in the first days of World War I
Battle of Marne
The outcome bringing an end to the war that had dominated the First World War since the beginning of August.
Russian Army out of Ammunition
When soldiers ran out of ammunition, they fought with their bayonets. No one doubted the courage of the Russian soldier. The initial successes also managed to mask the chronic problems in the Russian Army.
Battle of Gallipoli
Was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I
Battle of Verdun
Fought during the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies
Battle of Jutland
Was a naval battle fought by the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet against the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet during the First World War
Battle of Somme
Also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire
Zimmerman Telegram found
Was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence
Unrestricted Submarine warfare commences
Type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules
Tsar Nicholas II abdicates
Nicholas II abdicated following the February Revolution of 1917 during which he and his family were imprisoned
U.S. declares war on Germany
In response to that nation's declaration of war following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and only hours after Germany declared war on the United States.
Battle of Passchendaele
Was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the British and their allies against the German Empire. The battle took place on the Western Front for control of the ridges south and east of the Belgian city of Ypres in West Flanders
Was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.
Vladimir Lenin seizes power in Russia
Widespread starvation and catastrophic military failure in the First World War left Russia ripe for revolt. Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate on 15th March 1917, and an ineffectual provincial government was established in his place.
The October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a seizure of state power instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917
Killed an estimated 50 million people. One fifth of the world's population was attacked by this deadly virus
Fourteen Points proposed
Statement given by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe
The armistice between the Allies and Germany, also known as the "Armistice of Compiègne" after the location it was signed, was the agreement that ended the fighting in western Europe that comprised the First World War.
Kaiser Willhelm II abdicates
Leave power for the civilians by a gentleman named Ludendorff so as to end the suffering of the German population
Was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sunk. Of the 1,959 people on board, 1,198 died, including 128 Americans
Treaty of Versailles signed
One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers
Treaty of Saint-Germain
Signed on by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German-Austria on the other
New Economic Policy
An economic policy of Soviet Russia proposed by Vladimir Lenin, who called it "state capitalism"
Stalin takes over Russia
Under Stalin's rule, the concept of "socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society
Trotsky flees Russia
After leading a failed struggle of the Left Opposition against the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and the increasing role of bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky was successively removed from power in 1927, expelled from the Communist Party, and finally deported from the Soviet Union in 1929.
Germany stops reparation payments to France
Were the payments and transfers of property and equipment that Germany was forced to make under the Treaty of Versailles following its defeat during World War I
Russia-Germany Pact violates Versailles
Germans blamed the near-collapse of their economy on the Treaty, and some economists estimated that the reparations accounted for as much as one-third of the hyper-inflation
Russia signed Treaty of Brest Litovsk
peace treaty between the new Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey), which ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk after two months of negotiations.