US History Unit 2 Key Terms

  • 1 BCE

    Missionaries

    Missionaries
    A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
  • AD 1

    Great Plains

    Great Plains
    The Great Plains is the broad expanse of flat land, much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada
  • Immigration

    Immigration
    Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign ...
  • Industrialization

    Industrialization
    the development of industries in a country or region on a wide scale
  • Imperialism (Expansionism)

    Imperialism (Expansionism)
    Both expansionism and imperialism are interlinked and project ulterior motives of a dominant nation. ... Imperialism is a policy of expanding a country's power and regulate through diplomacy or military force. Expansionism is a policy of territorial or economic expansion.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    The Monroe Doctrine was a United States policy of opposing European colonialism in the Americas beginning in 1823.
  • Alfred T. Mahan

    Alfred T. Mahan
    Alfred Thayer Mahan was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century."
  • Sanford B. Dole

    Sanford B. Dole
    Sanford Ballard Dole was a lawyer and jurist in the Hawaiian Islands as a kingdom, protectorate, republic and territory. A descendant of the American missionary community to Hawaii, Dole advocated the westernization of Hawaiian government and culture.
  • Henry Cabot Lodge

    Henry Cabot Lodge
    Henry Cabot Lodge was an American Republican Congressman and historian from Massachusetts. A member of the prominent Lodge family, he received his PhD in history from Harvard University.
  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    Signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862, the Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
  • Homesteader

    Homesteader
    Homesteading is a lifestyle of self-sufficiency. It is characterized by subsistence agriculture, home preservation of food, and may also involve the small scale production of textiles, clothing, and craftwork for household use or sale.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental Railroad
    The First Transcontinental Railroad was a 1,912-mile continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Omaha, Nebraska/Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay.
  • "Civil War Amendments" (13,14,15)

    "Civil War Amendments" (13,14,15)
    The 15th Amendment was passed to guarantee African American men the right to vote. It was approved in 1870. ... The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were passed during Reconstruction mainly to protect the rights of the freedmen after the Civil War.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
  • "Closing of the Western Frontier"

    "Closing of the Western Frontier"
    Frederick Jackson Turner and the frontier. A year after the Oklahoma Land Rush, the director of the U.S. Census Bureau announced that the frontier was closed. The 1890 census had shown that a frontier line, a point beyond which the population density was less than two persons per square mile, no longer existed
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
  • Acquisitions(Spanish-American War)

    Acquisitions(Spanish-American War)
    Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines (for which the United States compensated Spain $20 million, equivalent to $588 million in present-day terms), were ceded by Spain after the Spanish–American War in the 1898 Treaty of Paris.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
  • Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt

    Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He also served as the 25th Vice President of the United States from March to September 1901 and as the 33rd Governor of New York from 1899 to 1900.
  • Americanization

    Americanization
    In countries outside the United States of America, Americanization or Americanisation is the influence American culture and business have on other countries, such as their media, cuisine, business practices, popular culture, technology, or political techniques.
  • Urbanization

    Urbanization
    the process of making an area more urban
  • Rural & Urban

    Rural & Urban
    Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment.
  • Naval Station

    Naval Station
    A naval base, navy base, or military port is a military base, where warships and naval ships are docked when they have no mission at sea or want to restock. Usually ships may also perform some minor repairs.
  • Assimilation

    Assimilation
    the process of taking in and fully understanding information or ideas