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Unit 7 (1890-1945) Part 1 (Imperialism & WWI )

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  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
  • Purchase of Alaska

    Purchase of Alaska
    the purchase was made for $7,200,000 and gave the U.S. Alaska's resources of fish, timber, oil and gold.
  • The Influence of Sea Power Upon History

    The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    Wrote by Alfred Thayer Mahan, it is the single most influential book in naval strategy. Its policies were quickly adopted by most major navies, ultimately leading to the World War I naval arms race.
  • Takeover of Hawaii

    Takeover of Hawaii
    American settlers took control of Hawaii by 1887, US leased a naval base at Pearl Harbor, Oahu
  • Hawaii and U.S. Interest

    Hawaii and U.S. Interest
    American settlers aided in overthrowing Queen Liliuokalani. Cleveland however opposed Rep. efforts to annex Hawaii. The fight in the Philippines gave McKinley the pretext to complete annexation in 1898. Was wanted for raw goods.
  • queen liliuokalani takeover

    queen liliuokalani takeover
    the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
  • Cuban revolt

    Cuban revolt
    Cubans wanted to be free of spanish colonial rule so they put waste on plantations to try to force the spanish to leave or get the states involved. The Spanish, remembering the lengthy Ten Years' War, sent over 100,000 troops to Cuba to suppress the revolt
  • Causes of Spanish American War

    Causes of Spanish American War
    jingoism - an intense form of nationalism calling for aggressive foreign policy
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer published sensational stories and used this form of journalism to promote the Spanish-American War.
  • George Dewey

    George Dewey
    A United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
  • Treaty of Paris

    treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Provided that Cuba be free from Spain.
  • De Lome letter

    De Lome letter
    He had called McKinley weak and bitter. It was played up by the yellow journalists. was considered a Spanish insult against the U.S.
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
  • Teller Amendment

    Teller Amendment
    Congressional promise "to leave the govt. and control of the Cuban Island to its people" at the end of the Spanish-American War.
  • Philippine American War

    Philippine American War
    Nationalists fought to quell Filipino resistance to American control of the Philippine Islands. Filipino guerrilla soldiers finally gave up when their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, was captured
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
  • Philippine Insurrection

    Philippine Insurrection
    Emilio Aguinaldo helped Americans fight Spain only to turn on them once free. In 1901, Aguinaldo surrendered which greatly hurt the Filippino cause.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy

    Big Stick Diplomacy
    foreign relations and diplomatic policies of President Theodore Roosevelt. He summed up his aggressive stance toward international affairs with the phrase 'speak softly and carry a big stick'
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway that stretches across Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It was championed by Theodore Roosevelt and built between 1904 and 1914.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    Taft's foreign policy which replaced "bullets with dollars"; involved investors instead of military. Eventually worked better in Latin America than China.
  • New Freedom

    New Freedom
    characterized by Woodrow Wilson's approach to foreign relations. Unlike Roosevelt's Big Stick Diplomacy and Taft's Dollar Diplomacy, Wilson's foreign relations denounced imperialism and economic meddling, and focused instead on spreading democracy throughout the world.
  • clayton act

    Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama.
  • tampico incident

    tampico incident
    us was sending money to revolutionaries blockade mexico hereunto arrests Americans-ABC mediation Mexicans didn't apologize to us
  • Wilson's Neutrality in WW1

    Wilson's Neutrality in WW1
    wanted to stay neutral and disentangled with European issues; as a neutral nation US traded with countries from both sides until Germany thought US trade favored Brits, and launched submarine attacks
  • Women and WW1

    Women and WW1
    as men go off to war, women enter workforce on a great scale and helped the united states dramatically
  • sinking of lusitania

    as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany. The ship was identified and torpedoed by the German U-boat U-20 and sank in 18 minutes.
  • Great Migration

    Great Migration
    massive movement of African Americans to Northern cities to fill jobs during WWI
  • Zimmerman telegram

    Zimmerman telegram
    was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico.
  • Espionage Act

    imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
  • War Industry Board

    War Industry Board
    Created during WWI to control agricultural and industrial production to ensure that all of the Allies would be well-supplied. It was slow and inefficient
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The American public was scared that communism would come into the US. Left-winged supporters were suspected. This fear of communism helped businessman who used it to stop labor strikes.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
  • Japanese Invasion of Manchurian

    Japanese Invasion of Manchurian
    U.S. does nothing even though invasion violates open door policy