Royal irish rifles ration party somme july 1916

Unit 2 Timeline

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    Unit 2 Timeline

  • George Dewey

    George Dewey was Admiral of the Navy, the only person in U.S. history to have attained the rank. Admiral Dewey is best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War.
  • Joseph Pulitzer

    Joseph Pulitzer, born Pulitzer József, was a Hungarian-American Jewish newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II

    Wilhelm II or William II was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
  • John J. Pershing

    John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing, was a general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
  • William Randolph Hearst

    William Randolph Hearst was an American newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and whose methods profoundly influenced American journalism.
  • Francisco "Pancho" Villa

    José Doroteo Arango Arámbula – better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or his nickname Pancho Villa – was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals.
  • Triple Alliance

    Triple Alliance, secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed in May 1882 and renewed periodically until World War I.
  • Boyonet Constitution

    This was a legal document by anti-monarchists to strip the Hawaiian monarchy of much of its authority, initiating a transfer of power to American, European and native Hawaiian elites.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow journalism, or the yellow press, is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers.
  • Triple Entente

    It developed from the Franco-Russian Alliance formed to counterbalance the threat posed by the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria, and Italy.
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    William McKinley's Presidential Term

    William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, six months into his second term.
  • Guantanamo Bay Naval Base

    The base is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the oldest overseas U.S. Naval Base, and the only U.S. military installation in a country with whom the United States has no diplomatic relations.
  • De Lome Letter

    This was the contents of a seized Spanish letter caused an international scandal that fueled anti-Spanish and pro-war feelings in the United States.
  • The Explosion of the Maine

    A second-class battleship built between 1888 and 1895, was sent to Havana in January 1898 to protect American interests during the long-standing revolt of the Cubans against the Spanish government. In the evening of 15 February 1898, Maine sank when her forward gunpowder magazines exploded, though it was originally believed to have been sunk by Spanish ships, and eventually lead to the Spanish-American War.
  • Spanish-American War

    The Spanish–American War was a conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, the result of American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
  • Rough Riders

    The most famous of all the units fighting in Cuba, the "Rough Riders" was the name given to the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry under the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Philippine Annexation

    The United States paid Spain $20 million to annex the entire Philippine archipelago. The outraged Filipinos, led by Aguinaldo, prepared for war.
  • The Open Door Policy

    The policy proposed to keep China open to trade with all countries on an equal basis; thus, no international power would have total control of the country.
  • Cuba becomes portectorate

    This was a provisional American protectorate over Cuba that was established in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War in 1899 when Spain ceded Cuba to the United States.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement was an anti-imperialist uprising which took place in China towards the end of the Qing dynasty between 1898 and 1900.
  • Foraker Act

    This established civil government and free commerce between Puerto Rico and United States. The law was introduced into Congress by senator Joseph B. Foraker. Puerto Rico became U.S. first unincorporated territory.
  • Platt Amendment

    It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War. It defined the terms of Cuban-U.S. relations to essentially be an unequal one of U.S. dominance over Cuba.
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    Theodore Roosevelt's Presidential Term

    Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr. was an American politician, author, naturalist, soldier, explorer, and historian who served as the 26th President of the United States.
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    The Roosevelt Corollary was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1904 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1902–03. The corollary states that the United States will intervene in conflicts between European countries and Latin American countries to enforce legitimate claims of the European powers, rather than having the Europeans press their claims directly.
  • Russo-Japanese War

    The Russo-Japanese War was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy is the effort of the United States—particularly over President William Howard Taft—to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
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    William Howard Taft's Presidential Term

    William Howard Taft was the 27th President of the United States and later the tenth Chief Justice of the United States. He is the only person to have served in both of these offices.
  • Mexican Revolution

    The Mexican Revolution or Mexican Civil War was a major armed struggle that started in 1910, with an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Díaz, and lasted for the better part of a decade until around 1920.
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    Woodrow Wilson's Presidential Term

    Thomas Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921 and leader of the Progressive Movement. He served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910 and was Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913.
  • Tampico Incident

    The Tampico Affair began as a minor incident involving U.S. sailors and Mexican land forces loyal to General Victoriano Huerta during the guerra de las facciones phase of the Mexican Revolution.
  • Battle of Veracruz

    The United States occupation of Veracruz, which began with the Battle of Veracruz, lasted for seven months and was a response to the Tampico Affair of April 9, 1914.
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassination

    On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins (five Serbs and one Bosniak) coordinated by Danilo Ilić, a Bosnian Serb and a member of the Black Hand secret society.
  • World War 1

    World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
  • Central Powers

    The Central Powers consisted of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the beginning of the war. The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers later in 1914. In 1915, the Kingdom of Bulgaria joined the alliance.
  • Allied Powers

    The allied powers mainly consisted of Great Britain, France, Russia and Italy. Italy initially had a treaty with Germany, but recanted and secretly allied with the Allied Powers.
  • German Invasion of Belgium

    The Belgian government had announced that if war came it would uphold its neutrality, but soon the Belgian government mobilised its armed forces on 31 July and a state of Kriegsgefahr, "danger of war", was proclaimed in Germany.
  • Panama Canal

    The Panama Canal is a 77.1-kilometre (48 mi) ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
  • The sinking of the lusitania

    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Sessex Pledge

    The German Empire agreed to give adequate warning before sinking merchant and passenger ships and to provide for the safety of passengers and crew. The pledge was upheld until February 1917, when unrestricted submarine warfare was resumed.
  • The Red Scare

    A Red Scare is the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents. In the United States, the First Red Scare was about worker revolution and political radicalism.
  • The Zimmerman Note

    This was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join an alliance with Germany in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents outraged American public opinion.
  • U.S. Enters World War 1

    The U.S. joined its allies--Britain, France, and Russia--to fight in World War I. Under the command of Major General John J. Pershing, more than 2 million U.S. soldiers fought on battlefields in France. Many Americans were not in favor of the U.S. entering the war and wanted to remain neutral.
  • Slective Service Act

    It authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through the compulsory enlistment of people.
  • Fourteen Points

    Wilson proposed a 14-point program for world peace. These points were later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war.
  • National War Labor Board

    It was composed of twelve representatives from business and labor, and co-chaired by Former President William Howard Taft. Its purpose was to arbitrate disputes between workers and employers in order to ensure labor reliability and productivity during the war. It was disbanded after the war in May 1919.
  • Schenck Vs. United States

    This was a United States Supreme Court decision concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
  • Palmer Raid

    The Palmer Raids were attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States.
  • The League of Nations

    The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.
  • The Teapot Dome Scandal

    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1920 to 1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
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    Warren G. Harding's Presidential Term

    Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th President of the United States, a Republican from Ohio who served in the Ohio Senate and then in the United States Senate, where he played a minor role.
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    Calvin Coolidge's Presidential Term

    John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. was the 30th President of the United States. A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    This was a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them".