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Apush Period 7- Part 1 (1890-1945)

  • Alfred Thayer Mahan

    Alfred Thayer Mahan
    Published The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783, a revolutionary analysis of the importance of naval power as a factor in the rise of the British Empire. This influenced the way countries fought each other.
  • Queen Liliuokalani (Hawaii)

    Queen Liliuokalani (Hawaii)
    Monarch of Hawaii until it's annexation in 1898. She was then overthrown by foreigners taking her land and eventually Hawaii became a the 49th state of the United States.
  • Hawaii Overthrow (Hawaii)

    Hawaii Overthrow (Hawaii)
    The overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii began on January 17, 1893, with a coup d'état against Queen Liliʻuokalani on the island of Oahu by subjects of the Kingdom of Hawaii, United States citizens, and foreign residents residing in Honolulu. A majority of the insurgents were foreigners.
  • De Lome letter (Spanish-American War)

    De Lome letter (Spanish-American War)
    The De Lôme letter, a note written by Señor Don Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, to Don José Canalejas, the Foreign Minister of Spain, reveals de Lôme’s opinion about the Spanish involvement in Cuba and US President McKinley’s diplomacy.
  • Yellow Journalism (Spanish-American War)

    Yellow Journalism (Spanish-American War)
    After the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine, journalist's and newspaper companies used their influence to put the blame on Spain for the whole confrontation between the two countries. A common quote from these newspapers was "Remember the Maine, to hell with Spain".
  • Hawaii Annexation (Hawaii)

    Hawaii Annexation (Hawaii)
    Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. Hawaii was made a territory in 1900, and Dole became its first governor.
  • The Philippine-American War

    The Philippine-American War
    The benevolent assimilation started in 1898 and the term for helping the Philippines move into the mainstream of modern society. McKinley and other imperialists used this term to justify their rationale for intervention -- that American dollars went to the Philippines to improve roads, sanitation, and public health.
  • Sinking of the Maine

    Sinking of the Maine
    The Maine was sent to Cuba to protect and evacuate Americans if a dangerous flare-up should occur. On Feb. 15, 1898 the Maine mysteriously blew up in the Havana harbor, with a loss of 260 officers and men. Main Reason for Spanish-American War.
  • The Spanish American War

    The Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba, leading to U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
  • Treaty of Paris (Spanish-American War)

    Treaty of Paris (Spanish-American War)
    The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was a treaty signed by Spain and the United States on December 10, 1898, that ended the Spanish–American War. In the treaty, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba, and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.
  • McKinley's Ultimatum (Spanish-American War)

    McKinley's Ultimatum (Spanish-American War)
    The United States Government issued an ultimatum to the Spanish Government to terminate its presence in Cuba. ... The U.S. President William McKinley requested authorization from the U.S. Congress to intervene in Cuba, with the object of putting an end to the war between Cuban revolutionaries and Spain. It ultimately caused there to be armed conflict between the two countries.
  • China (Open Door Policy)

    China (Open Door Policy)
    In 1899 the United States feared that countries with "spheres of influence" in China might choose to limit or restrict trade to and from their respective areas. Secretary of State John Hay avoided any problems with trade by sending notes to each country that held power in China asking them to keep trade open and tariffs low in all Chinese cities.
  • Philippine-American War

    Philippine-American War
    The Philippine Insurrection arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to secure independence from the United States following the latter's acquisition of the Philippines from Spain after the Spanish-American War. The war was a continuation of the Philippine struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution. It resulted in American victory.
  • China

    The Boxer Rebellion was a group of Chinese revolutionaries. This group of Chinese revolutionaries despised western intervention in China. The resulting rebellion resulted in the deaths of thousands of converted Chinese Christians, missionaries, and foreign legions. It took 5 countries' armies and four months to stop the rebellion.
  • Election of 1900 (Spanish-American War)

    Election of 1900 (Spanish-American War)
    The United States presidential election of 1900 was the 29th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1900. In a re-match of the 1896 race, Republican President William McKinley defeated his Democratic challenger, William Jennings Bryan. One of the effects of after the war.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy

    Big Stick Diplomacy
    International negotiations backed by the threat of force. The phrase comes from a proverb quoted by Theodore Roosevelt, who said that the United States should “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
  • Panama Canal (Hay-Pauncefote Treaty)

    Panama Canal (Hay-Pauncefote Treaty)
    In 1901 the US and Panama entered agreement that allowed the US to build the canal. The US leased the 10-mile wide zone with a downpayment of $10 million and an annual payment of $250,000 for 99 years.
  • Platt Amendment (Spanish-American War)

    Platt Amendment (Spanish-American War)
    On March 2, 1901, the Platt Amendment was passed as part of the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish–American War, and an eighth condition that Cuba sign a treaty accepting these seven conditions. It was an effect of the Spanish-American War.
  • Japan (Portsmouth Conference)

    Japan (Portsmouth Conference)
    This was a meeting between Japan, Russia, and the US that ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for stopping the fighting between these two countries.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy (The Great White Fleet)

    Big Stick Diplomacy (The Great White Fleet)
    The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the powerful United States Navy battle fleet that completed a journey around the globe from 16 December 1907, to 22 February 1909, by order of United States President Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    Taft's use of the lever of American investments to boost American political interests abroad.
  • Mexican Revolution (Mexico)

    Mexican Revolution (Mexico)
    The Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War, was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
  • Alaska

    The Territory of Alaska or Alaska Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States from August 24, 1912 and was a big focal point between many debates of Russia and the U.S.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (World War I)

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (World War I)
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo. His death is the event that sparks World War I.
  • The Panama Canal

    The Panama Canal
    A quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic Ocean and vice versa, which cost $400,000,000 to build. The Columbians would not let Americans build the canal but then a Panamanians revolution occurred, with US assistance. The new ruling Panamanians allowed the US to build the canal.
  • The beginning of World War I (World War I)

    The beginning of World War I (World War I)
    Germany invades Belgium after the assassination of the archduke and after the Russian army mobilizes' it's troops to prepare for war with Germany.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania (World War I)

    Sinking of the Lusitania (World War I)
    A German submarine sinks the passenger liner Lusitania. The ship carries 1,198 people, 128 of them Americans. This causes for more conflict in Europe and puts America one step forward into joining the war.
  • Mexico (Pancho Villa Expedition)

    Mexico (Pancho Villa Expedition)
    The Pancho Villa Expedition—now known officially in the United States as the Mexican Expedition, but originally referred to as the "Punitive Expedition, U.S. Army"—was a military operation conducted by the United States Army against the paramilitary forces of Mexican revolutionary Francisco "Pancho" Villa from March 14, 1916, to February 7, 1917, during the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920
  • U.S. enters the war (World War I)

    U.S. enters the war (World War I)
    Congress authorizes a declaration of war against Germany. The United States enters World War I on the side of France and Britain. This is to show the might of the U.S. and that no threat should be made against them.
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The First Red Scare was a period during the early 20th-century history of the United States marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism, due to real and imagined events; real events included the Russian Revolution and anarchist bombings
  • Zimmerman Telegram (World War I)

    Zimmerman Telegram (World War I)
    British intelligence gives Wilson the so-called Zimmermann Telegram, a message from German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann proposing that Mexico side with Germany in case of war between Germany and the United States. In return, Germany promises to return to Mexico the "lost provinces" of Texas and much of the rest of the American Southwest. Mexico declines the offer, but the U.S. is outraged and therefore causes us to enter the war.
  • Armistice Day (World War I)

    Armistice Day (World War I)
    At 5am on 11 November 1918, an armistice was signed and hostilities on the Western Front ceased at 11am. Although the peace treaties that would formally end the First World War would not be signed until 1919, 11 November 1918 was, and continues to be, a significant day. This is an effect of the war and allowed for all parties to have a say in how negotiations went.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (World War I)

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (World War I)
    The Germans sign a peace treaty with the new Bolshevik government of Russia. The terms of the treaty give Germany huge tracts of land that had been the Ukraine and Poland, and peace on the Eastern Front allows Germany to shift soldiers to the Western Front, causing serious problems for the French, British, and Americans.