The British held Nanjing captive, resulting to have China quickly proceed with the Peace negotiations, called the Treaty of Nanjing. This created China to pay Britian by increasing the number of treaty ports and four additional designated ports.
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan, a brilliant American naval historian. A man who provided the intellectual and historican foundations for American imperial expanstion.
Alaska is Purchased
Alaska was purchased from the approval of The House of Representatives and Senate, increasing the size of the U.S. It's purchase led the U.S to use it's resources such as fish, coal, timber, and gold.
Cubans wanted to get rid of the Spanish so they staged a revolt that resulted in the ten-year war between colonist and colonizers.
Japan held great amounts of raw materials. It's industrialization of manufactured goods, including textiles, were imported abroad that Japan was closer to geographically than the Western powers were.
Annexation of Hawaii
The U.S took advantage of this moment and overthrew the Queen, Lili'uokalani, with a party of businessmen. There the U.S saw Hawaii's sugar a great way to create a new corporations.
Spanish War-Start of the War
The Cubans were struggling with their independence from Spain which influenced the Spanish-American War.
Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii
Two groups collected petition signatures in hopes that the government would realize that the majority of Hawaiians opposed annexation.
Spanish-American War- Sinking of the Maine
On February 15, the USS Maine sank due to complicaiton but the United States blamed the Spanish for the event. The U.S then wanted to declare war.
Hawaii: becoming a state
A gorup of senators gathered willing to vote for the annexation of Hawaii. Hawaiian islands were U.S territory until the 1959, where they finally became a state.
Theodore Roosevelt attacked Spanish controlled countries by declaring war on them. His declare of action helped him gain allies in Cuba and new claims of territory,
Spanish-American War: Destroying the Spanish Fleet
George Dewey led a U.S naval squad to destroy the Spanish fleet that cost the lives of seven American seamen to be wounded.
Spanish-American War- Santiago escape
Theordore Roosevelt slowly advanced on the city in efforts to force Cervera's fleet out of hte harbour. On July 3 Cervera led his squad out of Santiago to escape.
Spanish-American War- Surrender
A battle was issued to al of his ships, which were burned or sunk by the heavy fire the U.S used (guns). Santiago surrendered to Shafter ending the war.
Spanish-American War-Treaty of Peace
The document was signed given Cuba its independence.
U.S policymakers wanted to annex the Philippines for a variety of motivations. They desired commericial opportunities in Asia, and if they didnt take control other countries would likely take over. (i.e. Germany or Japan)
In the end the Philippines soon gained its own independence in 1946.
China-Open Door Policy
A policy given so that all countries should have equal access to any ports open to trade in China.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Theodore Roosevelt's international relations policy was used for the Panama Canal Crisis and the Cuba quesiton. It's purpose served as a policy to lead towards peace, but to be aware of the military power that comes with.
Philippine-American War End
President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed a general amnest and declared the end of the conflict. In the end there were some minor uprisings and insurrections against american rule, because of the Philippines wanted to gain their own independence.
Theodore Roosevelt gave tacit approval to the Panamaian indendence, a faction of the Panamaians issued a declaration of indepence from Colombia. Theordores tactic worked.
Big Stick Diplomacy- Venezuelan Affair
A blockade was announced and stated that the U.S would intervene in the finances of unstable Caribbean and Central American countries.
It's purpose was to create stability and order abroad to increase American commerical interest. It's thought is to improve economic and financial opportunities.
World War 1
Started from the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, this catalyzed the First World War. The Great War changed the outlook on irony and changed social and economic views.
The process of building the Panama Canal held a great purpose. The canal traveled between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create a shorter and faster route for ships.
WW1- Germany sinks ships
The country of Germany responded with anger to U.S and ceased to sink ships without warning. When, in agreement, they said they would warn when the attack was coming so they could prepare.
WW1-Battle of Verdun
This was the longest battle to be fought in the war, it had about one million casulaties. The battle ended in a draw (a waste of time).
WW1-Battle of the Somme
This battle introduced new technology from the Bristish, including tanks and effective weapons.
WW1-Declaration of Neutrality
Woodrow Wilson didn't want to be involved with WW1 so he went to congress establishing the Declaration of Neutrality. In purpose to stay our of the War.
WW1- Declaration of War
Woodrow Wilson went to congress to ask for a Declaration of War on Germany, because Germany had unrestrricted submarines warefare and that was intolerable.
5 country nations all come together and sign the Treaty of Versailles, ending the war.
Imperialism in Mexico nationalised the foreign-owened oil companies.
Mexico Imperialism-Indroduction to Imperialism
Through 1934 and 1940 Lazaro Cardenas, the president of Mexico, introduced land reform, industrial modernisation and power of the Roman Catholic Church.
Communist known as the Red Scare intensified leading to a range of actions that enduring effect on the U.S governent and society.