United States History Chapter 18: An Emerging World Power

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  • U.S. Sails into Tokoyo Bay, Japan

    Commodore Matthew Perry sailed fleet of American warships into present-day Tokoyo Bay, Japan. Perry negotiated a treaty to open Japan to trade with America.
  • U.S. Acquires Howland Island & Baker Island

  • U.S. Acquires Johnston Island

  • U.S. Acquires Jarvis Island

  • Alaska Purchased from Russia

    Secretaryof State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. This purchase more than doubled the country's size and was rich in timber, oil, and other natural resources.
  • U.S. Acquires Midway Islands

  • Reciprocity Treaty of 1875

    The U.S. signed the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 which increased trade with the Hawaiian Islands.
  • Renewal of Reciprocity Treaty of 1875

    Renewal of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 that increased trade with the Hawaiian Islands and gave the US the right to build a naval base at Pearl Barbor
  • King Kalakaua Signs Bayonet Constitution

    American planters convinved King Kalakaua to sign the Bayonet Constitution which limited voting rights to wealthy landowners in Hawaii.
  • First International Pan-American Conference

    The conference met from Oct. 2, 1889 to Apr. 1890. The conference was led by James Blain who preached the benefits of economic cooperation to delegates of 17 Latin American countries. The conference led to the construction of the Pan-American Highway system which linked the U.S. to Central and South America.
  • U.S. Has 3rd Largest Navy in World

    By 1990, the United States had the third largest navy in the world.
  • Queen Liliuokalani Becomes Successor

    When King Kalakaua died, his sister become his successor. She was a determined Hawaiian nationalist and resented the growing power of the white planters in Hawaii. She abolished the Bayonet Constition which had given political power to the white minority in Hawaii.
  • Queen Liliuokalani is Overthrown

    American planters overthrow the queen and John Stevens, the U.S. minister to Hawaii ,orders the U.S. Marines to help seize power.
  • Jose Marti Leads Rebellion for Independence for Cuba from Spain

  • U.S. Acquires Hawaiian Islands

  • USS Maine Explodes in Havana Harbor

  • President McKinley Asks Congress to Declare War Against Spain

  • Spanish-American War Begins

    Spain declares war on the U.S. after the navy blocks the Cuban ports and President McKinley calls for over 100,000 volunteers to join the army.
  • Commodore George Dewey is Victorious at Manila Bay in the Philippines

    Dewey suprises a Spanish fleet at Manila Bay in the Philippines and achieves an outstanding victory over the Spanish navy. Filipino nationalist, Emilio Aguinaldo, also played a large role in defeating the Spanish army.
  • U.S. Marines Capture Guantanamo Bay

  • U.S. Army Captures Santiago

    Under General William Shafter, the U.S. army forces Spanish forces in Santiago to surrender.
  • Spain Surrenders to U.S.

    Spain surrendered after 15,000 U.S. soldiers landed on the Spanish-held islands.
  • U.S. Acquires Puerto Rico, Guam, & Philippines

    On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris officially ended the Spanish-American War. As a result, Spain gave up control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam. The Philippines were sold to the U.S. for $20 million.
  • U.S. Acquires Wake Island

  • U.S. Acquires American Samoa

  • Filipino Insurrection Against U.S. Rule

    Emilio Aguinaldo helped organized rebelled agianst U.S. rule in the Philippines. Filipinos relied on guerilla warfare against American troops.
  • John Hay Sends Open Door Note

    Secretary of State, John Hay, send a note to foreign diplomats in Great Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and Japan saying that the U.S. expected "perfect equality of treatment for commerce" in China.
  • Boxer Rebellion Breaks Out in China

    Rebellion in China against foreigners and Christians.
  • Foraker Act

    Congress passed the Foraker Act which established civil government in Puerto Rico.
  • Emilio Aguinaldo is Captured

    Emilio Aguinaldo is captured by Americans marking the end of the insurrection. In the war nearly 5,000 Americans and 200,000 Filipinos died.
  • Platt Ammendment

    The Platt Ammendment was added by Cuba to its constitution making it a protectorate of the U.S.
  • William Howard Taft Becomes Govenor of the Philippines

    As govenor, Taft extrended limited self-rule and ordered the construction of roads, schools, and bridges.
  • Boxer Rebllion Ends

    Rebellion ends with the help of the intervention of Europeans, Americans, and the Japanese. Europe required China to pay an indemnity for the rebellion.
  • Venezuelan Crisis

    Germany, Britain, and Italy blocked Venzuelan ports until Febuary 19, 1903 to ensure that European bankers were repaid.
  • Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty Signed to Begin Building Panama Canal

  • Japan Attacks Russia's Pacific Fleet at Port Arthur, China

  • Roosevelt's Corollary to Monroe Doctrine

    Gave U.S. right to interevene in case of any "chronic wrongdoing" by a Latin American nation.
  • Treaty of Portsmouth Ends Russo-Japanese War

    Roosevelt helped to negotiate the Treaty of Portsmouth to end the war between Russia and Japan.
  • The San Francisco School Board Bans Asians From Attending Public Schools

  • Gentleman's Agreement Ends Segregation

    Roosevelt signed the Gentleman's Agreement ending the segregation policy. Japan in return agreed to limit emigration of its citizens to the U.S.
  • Woodrow Wilson Proclaims "Moral Diplomacy"

    Wilson declared that the U.S. would "never again seek one additonal foot of territory by conquest" but instead promote "human rights, national intergrity, and opportunity."
  • Panama Canal Opens

  • Wilson Sends General John J. Pershing into Mexico

  • Jones Act is Passed

    The Jones Act was passed by Congress promising that the Philippines would eventually gain independence.
  • American Troops Leave Mexico

  • Jones-Shafroth Act

    President Woodrow Wilson passed this act to grant Puerto Ricans more citizenship rights.
  • U.S. Joins the Allies (Britain, France, & Russia) to Fight WW1

  • Mexican Revolution Begins