APUSH Period 7 (Part 1)

  • Alfred Thayer Mahan (The Influence of Sea Power upon History)

    Alfred Thayer Mahan (The Influence of Sea Power upon History)
    In 1890, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, a lecturer in naval history and the president of the United States Naval War College, published The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783, a revolutionary analysis of the importance of naval power as a factor in the rise of the British Empire.
  • Hawaii (Committee of Safety)

    Hawaii (Committee of Safety)
    In January 1893, a revolutionary “Committee of Safety,” organized by Sanford B. Dole, staged a coup against Queen Liliuokalani with the tacit support of the United States. On February 1, Minister John Stevens recognized Dole’s new government on his own authority and proclaimed Hawaii a U.S. protectorate.
  • Japan (Sino-Japanese War)

    Japan (Sino-Japanese War)
    Japan is victorious and asserts its first gains as an imperial power. Korea is “turned over” (colonized) to Japan and China cedes Taiwan to Japan
  • Alaska (Klondike Gold Rush)

    Alaska (Klondike Gold Rush)
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899
  • Hawaii (Hawaii Annexation)

    Hawaii (Hawaii Annexation)
    Hawaii was annexed to the United States in 1898 when Queen Liliuokalani tried to restore the power of monarchy after the death of King Kalakaua. One reason was because Hawaii played an important role in the interest of US's economy.///
    Fearful that Japan might attempt to take control of Hawaii while the United States was distracted by Spain, President William McKinley also signed a resolution formally annexing Hawaii on July 7, 1898.
  • Spanish American War (Sinking of the USS Maine)

    Spanish American War (Sinking of the USS Maine)
    The sinking of USS Maine took place on February 15, 1898, and contributed to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War that April.
  • Spanish American War (Passage of the Teller Amendment)

    Spanish American War (Passage of the Teller Amendment)
    In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain which proclaimed that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba.
  • Spanish American War (Battle of Santiago)

    Spanish American War (Battle of Santiago)
    The Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a naval battle that occurred on July 3, 1898, in which the United States Navy decisively defeated Spanish forces, sealing American victory in the Spanish–American War and achieving nominal independence for Cuba from Spanish rule.
  • Spanish American War (Spain Signs Armistice)

    Spanish American War (Spain Signs Armistice)
    In Puerto Rico, Spanish forces likewise crumbled in the face of superior U.S. forces, and on August 12 an armistice was signed between Spain and the United States.
  • Spanish American War (Battle of Manila)

    Spanish American War (Battle of Manila)
    The Battle of Manila, sometimes called the Mock Battle of Manila, was a land engagement which took place in Manila on August 13, 1898, at the end of the Spanish–American War, four months after the decisive victory by Commodore Dewey's Asiatic Squadron at the Battle of Manila Bay.
  • Spanish American War (Treaty of Paris Signed)

    Spanish American War (Treaty of Paris Signed)
    The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was a treaty signed by Spain and the United States on December 10, 1898, that ended the Spanish–American War. In the treaty, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba, and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States.
  • Philippine American War (General Antonio Luna Killed)

    Philippine American War (General Antonio Luna Killed)
    Antonio Luna was a Filipino army general who fought in the Philippine–American War and was regarded as one of the fiercest generals of his time. The killing of General Antonio Luna was a major battle tactic for the US.
  • China (Open Door Policy)

    China (Open Door Policy)
    The Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
  • China (Boxer Rebellion)

    China (Boxer Rebellion)
    The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising, or Yihetuan Movement was an anti-imperialist, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
  • Spanish American War (Platt Amendment)

    Spanish American War (Platt Amendment)
    On March 2, 1901, the Platt Amendment was passed as part of the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish–American War, and an eighth condition that Cuba sign a treaty accepting these seven conditions.
  • Spanish American War (Supreme Court Insular Cases)

    Spanish American War (Supreme Court Insular Cases)
    The Insular Cases are a series of opinions by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1901, about the status of U.S. territories acquired in the Spanish–American War. These Supreme Court rulings allowed for the United States government to extend unilateral power over these newly acquired territories.
  • Philippine American War (Aguinaldo captured)

    Philippine American War (Aguinaldo captured)
    On March 23, 1899, Philippine revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by U.S. troops during the Philippine War. After the Spanish defeat, the United States refused to recognize Aguinaldo's government.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy

    Big Stick Diplomacy
    It was designed to showcase America's naval strength, make diplomatic contact, establish goodwill, and to perform humanitarian roles where possible. This expedition was a great example of Roosevelt's big stick diplomacy: it allowed him to symbolically project American power without actually having to use force.
  • Panama Canal (Construction begins)

    Panama Canal (Construction begins)
    The project officially commenced with a dedication ceremony on May 4, 1904.
  • Big Stick Diplomacy (Roosevelt Nobel Peace Prize)

    Big Stick Diplomacy (Roosevelt Nobel Peace Prize)
    On December 10, 1906, Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to win a Nobel Prize. Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work surrounding the Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Russo-Japanese War.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    Dollar diplomacy of the United States—particularly during President William Howard Taft's term— was a form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
  • Mexico (Mexican Revolution)

    Mexico (Mexican Revolution)
    The Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War, was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government. Although recent research has focused on local and regional aspects of the Revolution, it was a genuinely national revolution.
  • Mexico (Francisco Madero wins Presidential election)

    Mexico (Francisco Madero wins Presidential election)
    Francisco Madero, a landowning lawyer and a member of Mexico’s liberal, educated class, unsuccessfully opposes Díaz in the year’s presidential elections. He also publishes a book calling for free and democratic elections and an end to the Díaz regime.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    The canal permits shippers of commercial goods, ranging from automobiles to grain, to save time and money by transporting cargo more quickly between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  • World War One (Assassination of Franz Ferdinand)

    World War One (Assassination of Franz Ferdinand)
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
  • World War One (Austria declared war on Serbia)

    World War One (Austria declared war on Serbia)
    The Austrian government blamed the Serbian government for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife and declared war on Serbia.
  • World War One (Battle of Tannenberg)

    World War One (Battle of Tannenberg)
    The Battle of Tannenberg was fought between Russia and Germany between the 26th and 30th of August 1914, the first month of World War I. The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general, Alexander Samsonov.
  • World War One (Sinking of the Lusitania)

    World War One (Sinking of the Lusitania)
    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany. The ship was identified and torpedoed by the German U-boat U-20 and sank in 18 minutes.
  • World War One (Battle of Jutland)

    World War One (Battle of Jutland)
    The Battle of Jutland was a naval battle fought between Britain's Royal Navy Grand Fleet, under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet, under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer, during the First World War.
  • World War One (USA declares war on Germany)

    World War One (USA declares war on Germany)
    The United States of America declared war on Germany in response to the sinking, by German U boats, of US ships.
  • World War One (Armistice Signed)

    World War One (Armistice Signed)
    The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their opponent, Germany.
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States with this name.
  • Hawaii (Pearl Harbor Attack)

    Hawaii (Pearl Harbor Attack)
    The Attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.